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The U.S. Department of Transportation is hoping to excite interest in biofuels to help the ailing airline industry

While there is much discord in the international community about how to deal with it, the leaders of the world's industrialized nations, including the U.S., have vowed to fight global warming.  Also at stake are the other issues surrounding reliance on an oil economy -- dealing with politically unstable regions, suffering economically under painfully high prices, dealing with finite supplies, and sending wealth overseas.

All of these culminate in a strong desire here in the U.S. to reduce reliance on foreign oil.  The U.S. Department of Energy is hoping to do its part by sponsoring a $20M USD prize for LED lighting research to lower the consumer energy load.  Now the Department of Transportation (DOT) is pushing to launch a similar initiative for airline biofuels.

The airline industry is facing insolvency due to the soaring cost of fuel, which has been shown to hit America particularly hard to the nation's obesity (a 2004 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study indicated that Americans increasing weight led to a rise in fuel cost of $275M USD in the year 2000 alone).

Some private efforts, such as billionaire Richard Bransen's efforts with Virgin Airlines, have wet their feet a bit with biofuels or other oil alternatives like hydrogen, but little progress has been made.  The DOT, along with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), is granting $500,000 to the X Prize Foundation to create a new prize for developing alternative fuels or technologies.

The foundation hopes the final prize will amount to over $10 million once it can secure a private sponsor.  U.S. Secretary of Transportation Mary Peters announced the move Thursday, stating, "It will be a competition that everyone wins, because a breakthrough in alternative jet fuels is a potential game-changer that could bring lower airline fuel costs, greater U.S. energy independence, and cleaner air."

The new prize corresponds with the FAA's new Next Generation air traffic modernization program, "NextGen".  The growth program hopes to double air traffic by 2025, while keeping carbon emissions constant, by adopting new fuels or more efficient designs.

The move has been long coming.  The X Prize Foundation has been in talks with the DOT and FAA since the 90s.  After analyzing industry alternatives, the DOT and FAA finally decided that the X Prize was the best way to stimulate development.  The grant is among the first from a government organization to the X Prize Foundation.

Over the next 14 months ,the X Prize Foundation will set up the aviation prize rules based on input from a panel of industry experts.  It will also try to secure private sponsors.  It hopes to launch the competition by 2011 and find a winner by 2016. 

Jason Morgan, senior director of prize development at the X Prize Foundation states about the new prize, "With all the discussion about global warming, the increasing cost of oil, and the increasing congestion everyone's feeling at the airport, we need to do something dramatic about it and we think it's the contest model."

The X Prize Foundation is a nonprofit group.  It currently has many prizes seeking to advance humanity, including the $10 million Archon X Prize for Genomics, the $30 million Google Lunar X Prize, and the $10 million Progressive Insurance Automotive X Prize for energy-efficient vehicles.

The Department of Energy previously granted $3.5M USD to the Progressive Insurance Automotive X Prize.

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By kenji4life on 7/12/2008 4:27:08 AM , Rating: 2
I was just talking about this yesterday.

A penny for your thoughts?

I was watching a news report about American Airlines' efforts to reduce weight, even switching from paint to decals.

RE: Funny
By chmilz on 7/12/2008 4:34:37 AM , Rating: 2
I recall some time ago there being a (failed) attempt to charge passengers by weight, like cargo. Of course it was scrapped because of political correctness.

With all "green" measures, it's hilarious that more fingers aren't being pointed at expanding waistlines. Whether it's an airplane, or a car, or the quantity of food one eats, the bigger a person is, the more they'll consume, and the larger footprint they leave (figuratively and literally).

RE: Funny
By freaqie on 7/12/08, Rating: -1
RE: Funny
By icrf on 7/12/2008 9:36:30 AM , Rating: 1
150HP is a pretty low number. The ability of a vehicle to accelerate can often be a matter of safety, and I'm not just talking about merging on the highway. What we need is a way for those same cars to run efficiently when that power isn't being used. If you floor it everywhere and make 15 mpg, and drive nice and make 30, people will learn to drive nice. If you take the guts out of the car and it makes 35 everywhere, I'm more than willing to make that trade-off.

Besides, it's fun to occaisionally feel that acceleration. A life of abject efficiency is awfully boring. I'm not saying that everyone needs to drive 3 ton SUVs that make 12 mpg, but if gas prices go up, no special considerations should be made for them and they can decide to change their ways on their own.

RE: Funny
By gerf on 7/12/2008 2:20:14 PM , Rating: 2
150HP is only low if you're driving a large vehicle. I've got a 170HP V6 in my car, and while it's not the fastest thing around, it does better than I generally require. I've also gotten up to 32mpg highway, but that's dependent on other issues.
What we need is a way for those same cars to run efficiently when that power isn't being used.
GM and Ford are offering 6 speed trannies lately, which has helped greatly in highway mileage while keeping down costs. There has even been talk about 8 speed trannies too. I realize that doesn't knock out unused power while idling, but it does keep down wasted power at speed while cruising.

RE: Funny
By phxfreddy on 7/14/2008 2:04:38 AM , Rating: 1
Is that a 6 speed tranny that goes bump in the night? Do not be tricked by tranny! Liberal male global warming adherents wearing dresses or pretty much the standard liberal, undergoing hormone therapy, pre-op who can not think their way out of a paper bag.

RE: Funny
By livelouddiefast on 7/12/2008 9:32:45 AM , Rating: 3
I think it'd be an awesome idea to charge people based on how much total weight they're carrying. Set a cap of like 250 lbs included on the ticket for person + baggage and then charge extra for every bit over that.

Problem lies in the fact that the people who would have to pay would whine (read: sue) AND more importantly, it would only be effective if every airline put it into place at the same time. They aren't allowed to confer on such matters so I don't see it happening anytime soon- though airlines are consolidating so maybe...

When they talk of larger people using more gas for the sake of being more for an engine to carry- do they include the gas that those people use to go places compared to healthier folks walking/riding their bikes? Seems to me especially in city life this could be a huge deal.

RE: Funny
By icrf on 7/12/2008 9:40:42 AM , Rating: 2
I don't think you could set a limit of 250 lbs, because then you're discriminating against heavier people. If everyone has a base price of a ticket, then extra per pound of person and luggage, that'd work better. Skinny people can pack heavy and be worse than the tubby guy with the tiny carry-on.

When do you weigh people? When they buy a ticket? Charge extra when they get their boarding pass? Guess you can't do any of that electronically anymore.

RE: Funny
By icrf on 7/12/2008 9:42:41 AM , Rating: 2
Also, it might be less offensive if you put the passenger on the scale along with their luggage at the same time. Then when it ticks off 320 lbs, they have the "I must have packed my lead underoos" excuse.

RE: Funny
By livelouddiefast on 7/12/2008 11:12:54 AM , Rating: 2
tough call. measure both weight AND overall size? maybe move the security checkpoints before check in (weigh luggage and person there)? either way i can't see how it would happen.

and then put tubby people 3 to the aisle to teach them a lesson :)

another thing- this has the potential to be even worse for burning fossil fuels as the fat people would resort to driving which, as i recall, is MUCH less eco-friendly than flying 200 people in a plane.

RE: Funny
By JoshuaBuss on 7/13/2008 4:15:39 PM , Rating: 2
keep in mind.. some people weigh 250 or more and aren't really 'overweight', they're just huge people. there's certainly something wrong with charging them more.

By JonnyDough on 7/13/2008 6:09:36 PM , Rating: 2
The future is trains and quantum physics. Think for a moment.

If 70-80% of your gas on the highway is used to displace air, how inefficient is a jet - which REQUIRES air displacement to create lift?

A train can be over easily be over a mile long, and only the front of the train has to displace air, for the most part. Trains can use magnetic levitation to minimize friction, while jets will always have to have friction with the runway when taking off, not to mention the friction of the air to provide the lift needed.

Trains can incorporate solar panels, sails, and nuclear power. Jets will likely run on a mixture of compressed gases for a long time to come.

The circumference of the earth means that jets have to actually travel farther to a destination than a train does.

Now, the future of travel...jets? I think not.

By HammerFan on 7/13/2008 10:15:29 PM , Rating: 2
While the points you make seem valid to me, chew on this for a moment: How does a train cross an ocean?

Just like with alternative energy as a whole, transportation does not have a "one size fits all" solution. Large jets, commuter planes, freight trains and trucks, and commuter trains and cars will all be needed to build a more efficient transportation system.

By JonnyDough on 7/14/2008 4:55:37 AM , Rating: 2
True. However, jets are not necessarily better than teleporters, which is why I mentioned quantum physics! :-P

By JonnyDough on 7/14/2008 4:59:44 AM , Rating: 2
Oops! Actually, a well planned computerized monorail system could deliver goods, people, and mail right to the top of your house. I don't know about you, but I think it would be pretty 22nd century to order things online and have them come automatically to my house in a sun-powered pod on a rail to my roof.

Excuse my cynicism…
By cr82 on 7/12/2008 4:18:30 PM , Rating: 2
But seriously… 10, 20, 30 million $ incentives to developed technology like this. That’s enough to get you a handful of decent scientists/engineers for a few years, some half-rate equipment, and a couple guys running around begging for money from anyone willing to see them. I think the time has come to realize that whining about expensive oil and tossing nickels at the problem is not the solution. This, and some other problems for that matter, are going to take several billion $ and a lot of people to figure out in a reasonable timeframe. It’s time to pony up.

RE: Excuse my cynicism…
By Ringold on 7/12/2008 7:57:04 PM , Rating: 2
If that's all there was, a few million in prize money, you'd be right.

But it's not. A winner gets the prize money, the attention, and like what we saw with the original X-Prize, some times massive corporate deals. If this goes like how the X-Prize went, teams may end up spending much more money than they could recoup even if they did win. Even teams that didn't win have found some commercial success.

As in almost all cases with government, throwing more money at a problem isn't always either the answer or necessary. ;)

People have watched one too many disaster movies
By phxfreddy on 7/14/2008 2:01:16 AM , Rating: 2
Before the advent of television I think it would have been impossible to sell global warming as an idea. But now with so many people having poor math and science skills people are believing the disaster movies they watch.

There is no other explaination for people actually believing the global warming chicken little disaster story. Its like a 20 year long Orson Wells War of the Worlds hoax. Unfortunately the boobs who believe it are not jumping out windows and improving our gene pool.

By etekberg on 7/14/2008 8:41:21 AM , Rating: 2

It's funny that technology continues to advance as the decades pass, but people do not seem to get any smarter or less gullible.

There is always a crisis; there will always be a crisis - cold war, poverty, famine, terrorism, global warming, etc. And if you find that a crisis does not currently exist, you simply invent one!

And meanwhile, the US buys into the global warming crap, wastes tons of $ chasing the myth, will soon hamper energy production/consumption with carbon limits, and the US economy continues to sink which causes the US to lose its super power status. Exactly as the greenies planned!

Now if only...
By chmilz on 7/12/2008 4:29:19 AM , Rating: 3
Someone would award X-Prizes for ways to re-vamp the music and film industries to reward talent instead of fabricated mega-whore starlets.

"It's okay. The scenarios aren't that clear. But it's good looking. [Steve Jobs] does good design, and [the iPad] is absolutely a good example of that." -- Bill Gates on the Apple iPad

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