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Two labs of America's top scientists have fallen for the oldest trick in the hackers' book

DailyTech featured a blog yesterday on how the media frequently reports on so called "hacks" with little understanding of what happened, participating in a irresponsible brand of journalism that borders on alarmism.  The problem is exacerbated in that people really do fall victim to Internet scams, even rather smart ones, which reporters dubiously dub "hacks."

One such report featured on ABC News concluded that two nuclear labs had been "hacked."  The true story is a bit more entertaining and the reveals that there is no threat to the country's nuclear safety.  Real threats such as concerted "hacks" conducted by the Chinese against the U.S. government are certainly a concern, but the only thing dangerous about the compromise at these labs is the stupidity of a few scientists and workers at the plants.

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee and Los Alamos National Lab in New Mexico have made a habit of collecting the social security numbers, names, and birth dates of scientists who visit the plants.  The information is put into a database, which reads like a who's who of America's top scientists.

Unfortunately, nobody thought such a practice might be a bit insecure.  Starting October 29, workers at the labs began receiving phishing emails, which followed a traditional attack pattern of containing malicious Trojan-containing attachments.  

There is no evidence that the attacks were specifically geared at the lab.  If the attacks were just a general Internet attack, those responsible might have been excited at the big fish they caught.  The two labs both have reported that the phishing emails gained access to their system, which indicates at least two employees -- one at each plant -- were foolish enough to click the attachment and commence the damage.  The result was that the database with the scientists' information was compromised. 

The phishers gained access to the records of all visitors at the plant between 1999 and 2004. 

Don't blame the news networks solely for sensationalizing the attack and making it sound like a sophisticated assault.  Leaders at the labs have gone on record trying to fudge the facts in statements, making the attacks sound more complex than they really are and icing over that the attacks only succeeded due to employee failures.

For example, ORNL director Thom Mason stated that the attacks were, "coordinated attempt to gain access to computer networks at numerous laboratories and other institutions across the country,"  and continued, "Because of the sensitive nature of this event, the laboratory will be unable for some period to discuss further details until we better understand the full nature of this attack."

Los Alamos has been more silent about what appears to prove the old adage that the greatest hole in security on the average computer network is the network's users.

In 2006 Los Alamos fell victim to social engineering and phishing when its emails were stolen and ended up on the USB stick of a drug dealer found in a police raid.  The emails contained data of simulated nuclear weapons tests considered sensitive.

At the time executive director of the Project On Government Oversight (POGO), Danielle Brian blasted Los Alamos for their lax security stating, "This appears to be a new low, even drug dealers can get classified information out of Los Alamos."

Expect more pressure for  ORNL and LANL as the smoke of sensationalism begins to blow away, revealing atrocious security due to user stupidity.  Looks like some of America's top minds have just fallen for the one of the oldest tricks in the hackers' book. 


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socialing...
By tobrien on 12/8/2007 8:11:23 PM , Rating: 2
Correct me if I'm wrong, but the socialing was done via phone initially, correct? I'm wondering because as far as I'm aware, telephone is the more or less "standard" means of socialing, right?

What I mean is that is there no way to completely defend against social engineering? Like there are countless easy to use phone spoofing services out there, but can't they just use some sort of private phone line or keep the public from being able to call the center?




RE: socialing...
By Zelvek on 12/9/2007 12:03:51 AM , Rating: 5
Social engineering can be done through any medium all one needs do is convince someone that they can be trusted. Even in such cases where social engineering is used over the phone no one with any degree of common sense should give out important info without proper verification. The fact that people fall for such simple hoaxes is a sad affair.


RE: socialing...
By KristopherKubicki (blog) on 12/9/2007 12:26:58 AM , Rating: 5
The fact that such smart people fall for such hoaxes has me appalled.


RE: socialing...
By SiliconAddict on 12/9/2007 1:44:43 AM , Rating: 2
You'd think people, especially geeks, would know by know that intelligence only plays a part in critical thinking. I've seem my fair share of people with PhD's who really are pretty damn stupid when it falls outside their realm of expertise.


RE: socialing...
By Pythias on 12/9/2007 3:09:00 AM , Rating: 3
Educated and/or trained does not equal "smart". I bet the crack dealer on the corner woulnd't have fallen for this scam.


RE: socialing...
By Alexstarfire on 12/9/2007 3:52:36 AM , Rating: 3
Yep, that's why we have book smarts and street smarts. You usually have one or the other, not both.


RE: socialing...
By Manch on 12/9/2007 6:53:53 AM , Rating: 2
I think I have a little of both! For example:

My 2 guns popping 2 bullets each in your skinny ass equals 4 holes!!! How do you like them apples?! waddup!

Just playin. Seriously though, I work with a lot of "smart" people and they are the dumbest smart people I have ever met. I don't know how many times I've had to tell them, well pick an example and these morons have done it. Some people just don't learn.

"No the naked Anna Kornakova pics and the Britney box shot are bad!

Yeah the first one is bad cuz it contains malicious logic but the other is just bad for your eyes!


RE: socialing...
By LogicallyGenius on 12/9/07, Rating: -1
RE: socialing...
By clovell on 12/9/2007 9:31:58 AM , Rating: 3
What happens if I call you a douchebag?


RE: socialing...
By Manch on 12/9/2007 3:13:36 PM , Rating: 2
terrorist


RE: socialing...
By T4RTER S4UCE on 12/9/2007 3:39:16 PM , Rating: 2
I dont know about 3 Billion but maybe 1.5 Billion because as South Park has taught us 1/4th of the population is retarded.


RE: socialing...
By Pythias on 12/17/2007 11:32:10 PM , Rating: 2
I desperately await a cure for your cranial rectosis.


RE: socialing...
By Nik00117 on 12/9/2007 11:51:51 AM , Rating: 2
Gotta tell you that crack dealer wouldn't of fallen for the fraud.

I will admit it, I consider myself very smart. Very street smart too and I fell for a scam once as well.

However out all the attempts people have wanted to scam me, and i've turned the tables on them (as in got their info and gave it to the cops) beats the times.

I remember once, "discover" called my dad saying their was a error with his billing and we needed his CC number in order to go ahead and fix this error. my dad began going for his CC to tell the guy on the phone.

Picked up the phone, figuring such a large organization would give their employees operator IDs, I picked up the phone and said "give me your operate ID" guy on the line was completely stumbled. He was like "uh, what do you mean?" I called him an ass and hung up.


RE: socialing...
By T4RTER S4UCE on 12/9/2007 3:35:08 PM , Rating: 2
My 14 year old sister is in the 9th grade. She is in advanced classes for every subject and gets straigt A+ every report card.
Until two days ago she didnt know what a web browser was.


RE: socialing...
By Ascanius on 12/10/2007 3:53:13 AM , Rating: 2
Getting straight A+ in all is nothing but the sign of a very well trained puppy or very well indoctrinated person.

Like when you clap your dogs head after it has done smth. amazing that you have tried teaching it for quite a while.

We are all born empty and what we are is the collective information gathered duering our lives mixed with how our genes makes us act and in this case "interact"

Real intelligence is the "speed" and the "capacity" when learning something for the very first time, like in those Mensa tests.

So you can be just as "intelligent" as you can be, but it does not change what you have learned so far and will learn in the future!

So if some specielists do not learn so much in the area of social skills due to reading heavy book instead, well then it is amazing simple why you get cheated by such a simple hoax like this example here shows.

The crack dealer does nearly NOTHING but social skills with all the different charracters he has to handle just on a sigle day bacis, that is why he very simple enough would never fall for such a scam as this.


RE: socialing...
By theapparition on 12/10/2007 11:13:33 AM , Rating: 2
Very important distinction:

Not all people who work at a rocket facility are rocket scientists.

You'd be surprised at who has access to sensitive information. Janitors, couriers, secretaries, etc. All have a hand in the chain of information.

There are levels of management that have access to sensitive info, and, well, we won't go into average intelligence of management.

Point is, it's a lot easier than you think, but it's not always the fault of the "smart" people.

With that said, there are plenty of book smart people that I wouldn't trust an ATM card with.


RE: socialing...
By Omega215D on 12/9/2007 8:54:35 AM , Rating: 2
A little sticker on my school binder:

Social Engineering Specialist: Because there is no patch for human stupidity.


RE: socialing...
By Master Kenobi (blog) on 12/9/2007 11:47:23 AM , Rating: 2
I agree. There will never be a patch for human stupidity.

By the way, there is a difference between PHD's and IT Engineers. I have met several IT PHD's and they are the biggest bunch of morons around. They can tell you how it should work, in theory, with all things constant. Any IT Engineer will tell you this is a pipe dream.


RE: socialing...
By slickr on 12/10/2007 2:05:59 AM , Rating: 1
This just shows how stupid people really are.
And this is nothing to be amazed at, fucking morons finsih college and stuff coz they can sit all day and fucking read the boring book and they don't actually use their intelegence to understand things in the book they just memorize it and tell it like a lyrics.(this doesen't apply to all PHD's'es!)


“So far we have not seen a single Android device that does not infringe on our patents." -- Microsoft General Counsel Brad Smith

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