Bloggers Protected by Court Ruling as Journalists
November 2, 2007 1:01 PM
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Bloggers get a little R-E-S-P-E-C-T from the United States court system
An important ruling has been handed down in the federal court case of BidZirk v. Philip Smith. The case posed a critical decision for bloggers across the internet. At stake was their ability to publish editorial article in standard journalist fashion on their blog sites.
Journalists in the U.S. enjoy a
degree of additional legal protection
. It is more difficult to legally charge writers with libel or slander, if the journalist is merely stating opinions. Journalists can protect the confidentiality of their sources, according to many shield laws, though these rights do not always hold in federal court.
Journalists can obtain government documents via the Freedom of Information Act, although the government has the right to redact portions of its documents. Most importantly, journalists are exempt to a degree from charges of invasion of privacy, if they can demonstrate that the person or group they were reporting on performed actions that cast itself into the public's eye.
Blogging, the practice of writing oft-opinionated internet editorials has become a booming Internet business, with some people becoming full time bloggers and writing on a broad array of topics.
hosts a variety of
that deal with a broad array of science and technical issues.
While bloggers report news, whether they enjoy the legal status of
other reporters is open to debate
, especially given the
ethical qualms of anonymity and bias
Now a new Federal Court ruling has set the precedent that bloggers can, at least sometimes, be journalists.
The case revolved around blogger Phillip Smith and a scathing blog that he wrote about eBay listing company Bidzirk and its owner Daniel Schmidt. The case revolved around three points. First Phillip was was charged with using the Bidzirk logo on his blog, which Schmidt's lawyers labeled trademark dilution under the Lanham Act. Second, Phillip's comments that Schmidt was a "yes man" were portrayed as defamation. Finally, the blog's linked picture of Schmidt and his wife was, according to Schmidt's lawyers invasion of privacy.
Phillip Smith refused to hire an attorney and instead sought to defend himself in court.
Meanwhile Schmidt hired high-power attorney Kevin Elwell, who went on the offensive in October of last year by filing a
against Smith's condo. This effectively prevented Smith from selling his condo, as a
informs potential buyers that the property is part of ongoing litigation and that sale would not diminish the plaintiff's potential ownership of the property.
Still, Smith weathered the storm and fought back moving in September for summary judgment, as he stated that their were no legitimate claims against him.
His use of the BidZirk logo was legal, he stated, as he was a journalist and his "yes man" comment was not a statement of fact. On the third charge, he pointed out that for the picture he had only linked to a community site, a common process that is legal.
The judge in a South Carolina Federal Court has just sided with Smith and ordered summary judgment.
The key part of the ruling was that the judge pointed out that it was impossible to determine in advanced, based on past precedent whether a blogger was a journalist, so instead a functional analysis was performed on Smith's writing to determine if was journalistic in quality. The judge found that the article was well researched and written and consisted of both positive and negative statements of about the experience. Its intention was clearly to inform, not to damage.
The judge stated, "The fact that Smith reports negatively about his experience with BidZirk does not dictate that the article's function or intent was not news reporting or news commentary." He continued, "Some bloggers are without question journalists."
The plaintiff's attorney, Elwell, received the stick, being sanctioned for his actions and forced to pay $1,000 in damages to Smith. As a "competent attorney," the judge stated, Elwell should have known better than to resort to such bullyish tactics against the blogger as his actions about Smith's real estate, considering that the case had nothing to do with real estate.
The case sets an important precedent that bloggers who construct well researched and carefully written work can be legally classified as journalists and be protected under applicable U.S. state and federal laws. Bloggers of the world rejoice -- and keep writing!
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
Are all bloggers journalist ?
11/3/2007 8:59:34 AM
The core of this issue is-
The most important section of the ruling is the one dealing with Smith's status as a journalist. The court admitted that it was impossible to determine in advance whether a blogger was a journalist and so used a "functional analysis" that "examines the content of the material, not the format, to determine whether it is journalism."
The judge noted that Smith wrote the article in order to convey information, that he had done research in preparing it, that he addressed both positive and negative aspects of his experience, and that he provided a checklist for others to use. "The fact that Smith reports negatively about his experience with BidZirk does not dictate that the article's function or intent was not news reporting or news commentary," wrote the judge. Furthermore, he noted explicitly that "some bloggers are without question journalists."
The court admitted that it was impossible to determine in advance whether a blogger was a journalist and so used a
that "examines the content of the material, not the format, to determine whether it is journalism."
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