Breaking the Silicon Barrier: Graphene Transistors Demonstrated
March 2, 2007 1:47 AM
comment(s) - last by
Professor Andre Geim of The School of Physics and Astronomy at The University of Manchester
Dr. Kostya Novoselov of The School of Physics and Astronomy at The University of Manchester
Graphene-based transistor created by the University of Manchester team
The largest hurdle in semiconductor miniaturization has just been shattered
Using the world’s thinnest material, Graphene, researchers at the University of Manchester have
created the world’s smallest transistor
. According to Professor Andre Geim and Dr. Kostya Novoselov from The School of Physics and Astronomy at The University of Manchester, the new transistors are only one atom thick and less than 50 atoms wide. The development opens the gate to superfast computer chips at sizes not possible before with standard Silicon transistors.
According to the semiconductor industry roadmap, miniaturization of electronics will face its largest challenge in the next twenty years. This is because Silicon based technology will begin to reach its minimum size limit.
Graphene, a form of carbon that is only one atom thick, may provide a solid alternative for even further miniaturization of electronics as silicon-based technology reaches its limit.
Graphene transistors were originally created two years ago, but at that time they were very “leaky” meaning current could not be turned off to zero. The “leaky” quality of the transistors effectively limited their uses, and rendered them useless for employment in computer chips and electronic circuits. But over the course of the past two years the research team at the University of Manchester was able to overcome this problem, and have created fully-functional and stable Graphene transistors.
Graphene transistors remain stable and conductive even when they are only a few nanometers wide. This is in contrast to all other known materials, including the dominant silicon transistors, which “oxidize, decompose and become unstable at sizes ten times larger.” This is the barrier that current silicon-based technology is approaching and is likely to also be its downfall.
"We have made ribbons only a few nanometers wide and cannot rule out the possibility of confining graphene even further - down to maybe a single ring of carbon atoms," says Professor Geim of the University of Manchester.
Graphene provides a solid alternative to Silicon and according to Geim can lead to even further reductions in size. Geim expects future electronic circuits to possibly be carved out of a single Graphenesheet.
Dr Leonid Ponomarenko, who is leading this research at The University of Manchester, is optimistic of the technologies’ future.
"The next logical step is true nanometer-sized circuits and this is where graphene can come into play because it remains stable - unlike silicon or other materials - even at these dimensions."
Geim believes that Graphene is the only viable successor to Silicon after the currently dominant technology reaches its limit. Graphene-based circuits, however, are not likely to be completely ready until 2025.
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
RE: What I'm wondering is
3/8/2007 11:31:38 PM
Beyond miniaturization, I think the next thing will be design changes. That is to say, we are all still thinking about two state transistor technology. Think, something that isn't a transistor and doesnt use binary. Multi-state devices. This is basically what a neuron in your brain is - they can have many different states (it isnt known exactly how many, but the number is high - think millions).
Even a successful ternary (3) state machine would be revolutionary. Some work has been done on this, but the designing of such a machine is apparently too complex right now.
A machine capable of processing in base 3, 4 or whatever internally would theoretically be significantly faster than current binary machines. ie, the number 10 in binary is 1010, in base 3 it is 31.
"What would I do? I'd shut it down and give the money back to the shareholders." -- Michael Dell, after being asked what to do with Apple Computer in 1997
Google's Gleaming Glass HQ Gets Mountain View Snub, LinkedIn Gets the Love
May 7, 2015, 6:58 AM
Tech's Tax Day Fortunate Few: Qualcomm, Xerox, GE, et al. Pay Little or No Taxes
April 15, 2015, 11:30 AM
LinkNYC Terminals to Blanket New York City With Free WiFi, Free Calls, and Ads
November 17, 2014, 6:50 PM
Microsoft is Open-Sourcing Most of .NET, Adding OS X and Linux Support
November 12, 2014, 8:27 PM
Home Depot Lost 53 Million Emails, Blames Windows, Buys Execs New Macs
November 9, 2014, 5:00 PM
Former NSA Lawyer: If Google, Apple Encrypt User Data, They’ll Wither on the Vine Like Blackberry
November 6, 2014, 12:15 PM
Latest Blog Posts
Sceptre Airs 27", 120 Hz. 1080p Monitor/HDTV w/ 5 ms Response Time for $220
Dec 3, 2014, 10:32 PM
Costco Gives Employees Thanksgiving Off; Wal-Mart Leads "Black Thursday" Charge
Oct 29, 2014, 9:57 PM
"Bear Selfies" Fad Could Turn Deadly, Warn Nevada Wildlife Officials
Oct 28, 2014, 12:00 PM
The Surface Mini That Was Never Released Gets "Hands On" Treatment
Sep 26, 2014, 8:22 AM
ISIS Imposes Ban on Teaching Evolution in Iraq
Sep 17, 2014, 5:22 PM
More Blog Posts
Copyright 2016 DailyTech LLC. -
Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information