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A very high-resolution image of a 60GB PlayStation 3
Some question the likelihood of PS4 after Sony's shift to more software-focused management

Following the launch of PlayStation 3 and subsequent reshuffling of Sony Computer Entertainment management in November, industry analysts have been busy making assessments and predictions.

Some view the promotion of Ken Kutaragi, which takes him out of the day-to-day operations at SCEI, as a vote of non-confidence. Kazuo Hirai, who is known to have stronger relationships with game makers, takes over the new lead role which some believe to mark a new, software-focused era at Sony.

An analyst said something in a Financial Times report that would shake the world if true. “The appointment of Hirai could be the start of a shift from hardware to software,” said Yuta Sakurai, an analyst at Nomura. “I cannot now imagine a PlayStation4.”

While no one can argue that the PlayStation 3 is a technological marvel, analysts say that Sony bet too heavily on hardware for the latest console generation, and because of that, it has paid dearly for delays in manufacturing and high costs. Sony loses an estimated $240 to $300 on every console sold; and while selling machinery initially at a loss is not uncommon practice for gaming consoles, analysts calculate that it could take Sony five years to recoup the costs of PlayStation 3 hardware because of its enormous R&D costs. The delays and lack of hardware availability also gives competitors Nintendo and Microsoft greater opportunity at grabbing marketshare.

With the above in mind, it’s no wonder that some analysts are pegging Sony to go the way of Sega. Sony, however, was quick on the rebuttal button. Dave Karraker of SCEA had this to say to GameSpot: “Following the launch of the PlayStation 3 just a few weeks ago, and witnessing the huge consumer demand for the product, I think it would be rather short-sighted for anyone to predict there might not be a next generation of PlayStation product.”

Sony’s Phil Harrison said earlier in a Wired article that he would “be amazed if the PlayStation 4 has a physical disc drive,” in response to the Blu-ray Disc issue, hinting that the next-generation console will be a heavily networked device.

Most recently, Sony Europe VP Paul Holman said to Australian-based Smarthouse that a PS4 will be launched by Sony but not until at least 2010. “To say that there will be no PS4 because of a management change is a bit far fetched,” he said.

While comments from a few Sony executives do not officially confirm a PlayStation 4, they certainly deny that there isn’t going to be one. Right now, Sony has too much to deal with on the current generation before looking forward to the next. Holman said that Sony is planning to give PS3 more media centre capacity, while allowing for third party applications and hardware, “such as interactive controllers” like Nintendo’s Wii Remote. Sony recently reaffirmed in an interview that its console was more of a broad entertainment solution, while also admiring Nintendo Wii for its fun and intuitive gaming experience.

Sony also has to deal with several issues surrounding its new machine. For one, those who have HDTV compatible television sets but do not support 720p will be unable to play many new PS3 games in high-definition. This is because the PS3 lacks an internal upscaler, and will automatically downscale high-definition images to 480p, resulting in a dramatic loss of visual quality. Sony said that a fix was in the works, but later backtracked saying that the company has yet to announce any action towards the issue.

Although the PS3 contains the Emotion Engine and Graphics Synthesizer chips that powered the PS2, the new console is having compatibility issues running the previous generation games. Some games are freezing while others are playing without any sound. Sony is currently investigating the matter and is expected to improve compatibility through regular system updates.

For now, talk of a PlayStation 4 seems premature as Sony is likely still completely preoccupied with maintaining the PlayStation 3 population in Japan and North America, and preparing for the European and Australian launches in March 2007. Microsoft said that work on the next Xbox didn’t start until about a year after the launch of Xbox 360, though early development is likely underway, with the possibility that the software giant is designing some of the new silicon in-house.

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NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By masher2 on 12/6/2006 12:38:37 PM , Rating: 2
Sony’s Phil Harrison said earlier in a Wired article that he would “be amazed if the PlayStation 4 has a physical disc drive,” in response to the Blu-ray Disc issue, hinting that the next-generation console will be a heavily networked device...

Steve Job's "NeXT" computer had a total absence of any floppy drive. This selling point, however, turned out to be one of its major downfalls.

While some future console may well have no internal drive of any sort, it certainly won't be the PS4...not unless it takes 15 years or more to be released. There are still people in the US forced to use dialup. I don't see broadband being able to deliver 20+ gb games on demand to any site within the US in the next 6-7 years. Minigames or content scaled to lower resolutions is obviously practical...but who wants to bulid a console around those limitations?

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By msva124 on 12/6/2006 12:53:25 PM , Rating: 3

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By TomZ on 12/6/2006 1:10:32 PM , Rating: 3
I don't think the idea of downloading all content is too far-fetched. Even today, most people in "markets of interest" are using broadband. Sure, multi-gigabyte downloads take some time, but they are still faster than ordering a game online and waiting for it to ship, or about the same as going up to a store to buy a game.

I have a relatively slow DSL connection, and I can download a DVD's worth of content in a couple to a few hours. I can only imagine that in a few years, that download time will be cut down by another factor of 10, so that downloading a large game might take 15-30 minutes, which is very reasonable IMO.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By masher2 on 12/6/2006 1:48:18 PM , Rating: 5
I don't think you're considering that some PS3 (and presumably many PS4) games will be substantially larger than one DVD. Today, broadband access is perhaps 50-% of all homes...and perhaps 1% of that is fast enough to download an entire BluRay/HD-DVD worth of content in any sort of reasonable timeframe.

In 5-6 years time, we'll have close to 100% broadband penetration, meaning the entire US will finally be able to download a DVD at the speeds *you* can do so now...a few hours. A hi-definition, content-heavy game might require 10+ hours. Sure, some people will be faster...but if you bulid your content delivery mechanism around that, you restrict your market heavily.

Now perhaps Sony is hoping the PS3 will last ten or more years. But that's a bit of a stretch..and personally, I believe ultra-highspeed broadband is 15 years away from anything near 100% market penetration.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By TomZ on 12/6/2006 2:17:36 PM , Rating: 3
I don't know - I was thinking that my current DSL connection (3Mb down) is just "average" - I see lots of areas around the U.S. and world with much higher, and I also figure that in a few years, only 3Mb down will be considered slow by most everyone. And when you compare it to buying a game on the Internet and waiting for shipping, even a slow Internet connection will get you the game faster.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By sscilli on 12/6/2006 11:02:49 PM , Rating: 2
I don't know if it's fair to say 3mb is the average. I know I don't have that, and unless your willing and able to fork out 50+ dollars than you definatly would not be able to download next-gen games faster than a few days. Granted that's not to slow, but it's much slower than going to a store and buying it.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By Aesir on 12/7/2006 7:21:28 AM , Rating: 2
That, my friend, is not "average". I have 256Kb/256Kb DSL (oh, the joys of being an early adopter) and 3Mb down is the max available here, and thats only when you live close to the central station. I wish someone would hurry up and buy out Qwest.

I would put the national average at somewhere around 762Kb down.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By PrinceGaz on 12/7/2006 9:33:50 AM , Rating: 3
Typical DSL speeds here in the UK are anything from 2Mb for a basic slow service, up to 8Mb or so for less than £20 inc VAT (effectively about US$30-35). I'm sure they're working on higher speeds. Cable is available at speeds from the slowest of 2Mb, up to 10Mb at the moment, though at somewhat higher prices (due to there being no competing cable companies). It's worth noting those prices are for unlimited usage; broadband with a monthly limit is a waste of time.

Seems to me like the broadband providers in the US are ripping you off.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By rykerabel on 12/7/2006 12:33:40 PM , Rating: 3
nah, living 50 miles from the nearest telephone switch is the problem here.

Cable TV does not even reach my house, not even analog cable.

By thecoolnessrune on 12/10/2006 12:32:48 AM , Rating: 2
People of other countries seem to complain so much about how the US is behind, and indeed we are... However, show me a country as large as the US that has faster average speeds... Then I'll start saying we have a problem.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By wolrah on 12/7/2006 4:32:50 AM , Rating: 3
Today, broadband access is perhaps 50-% of all homes...and perhaps 1% of that is fast enough to download an entire BluRay/HD-DVD worth of content in any sort of reasonable timeframe.

I disagree. At home, I have bad phone lines. With dialup modems, I got 33.6kbit service if I was lucky. I managed to get Verizon to send out a DSL kit anyways, even though I'm about 2 miles out of their official range and I'm getting 864/160 in the middle of nowhere farmland Ohio with no real effort other than running a Cat5 line from the outside box straight to the DSL modem. If I can get this connection, anyone should be able to.

Anyways, even with those speeds, a typical game of today (roughly 6.5GB, average for X360 games and maybe a bit small for PS3 launch titles once the padding is stripped) takes under a day if the console is allowed to whore the connection. If it's limited to a reasonable speed which still allows for broadband browsing, it'll take about three days. That's not bad at all, assuming a low power mode is implemented like the Wii's WiiConnect24 where it can be on but clocked down to the bare minimum needed for downloading rather than fans spinning and hundreds of watts flowing as when playing games.

Also, consumer broadband is only getting better. Most cable providers offer something in the 8-10mbit range and some are offering 15 or more to compete with FiOS. I myself have a pair of links at my college apartment, one 8mbit and one 10mbit shared with four roommates. Obviously this is atypical, but it also allows me to queue up 50GB (the maximum capacity of Blu-Ray discs currently on the market) of downloads at 2 AM and have them finished by the time I wake up, while leaving an entire other connection so our gaming is unaffected.

I don't think the next generation of consoles will be able to survive without a removable media drive of some kind, but full downloadable games are already an option for some and could be available out of the box on future machines. My modded Xbox is a great proof-of-concept. I can browse a selection of backups stored on my media server, select the one I want, and watch as it gets FTPed over. About 5 minutes later (remember, 100mbit LAN here) I back out to the Applications menu and can play my game. Given a 10mbit pipe to the Internet, this could work in about an hour.

The technology is there and it all works. We just need the console makers to provide us with the ability. Sony did one thing right with the PS3, and that is allowing user upgradeable hard drives. That's the worst part about the Xbox 360, after being used to 160GB in my Xbox the 20GB drive my 360 has is puny and useless by comparison. If I could attach a 500GB hard drive to my 360, all it would take is a software update from Microsoft and they could offer a full blown game download service.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By masher2 on 12/7/2006 9:34:31 AM , Rating: 2
> "If I can get this connection, anyone should be able to."

Many people, however, still cannot. And you're asking the wrong question's not *can* people get that connection, its *will* they. Half the US still doesn't have broadband. Will people rush out and subscribe, simply to be able to use their new console?

> "a typical game of today ...if limited to a reasonable speed [will] take about three days.

And I suggest that waiting three days for every game is not reasonable, especially when thats your only delivery mechanism. How does Mom and Dad buy Johnnie five games for Christmas? It'll take half a month to download them all.

> "Also, consumer broadband is only getting better..."

Very true. However, the games are getting larger as well.

> "I don't think the next generation of consoles will be able to survive without a removable media drive of some kind"

Which was, sir, my original point.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By willow01 on 12/12/2006 10:24:29 PM , Rating: 2
Well you could say that there is a possibility of 100% coverage with satellite broadband. It may not be any good for multiplayer gaming or real time stuff but you can still DL fine off of it.
Here, in Australia we have a major problem with broadband access to rural and remote areas, and not so remote. I don't know how far the reach is at the moment but 3G wireless networks have been extending their reach, although at a very expensive price.
It will come, just there will be various connection types, some not so good for real time stuff, but fine for browsing and dl'ing.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By Sureshot324 on 12/6/2006 8:20:47 PM , Rating: 3
The big problem with the PS3 was the inclusion of the Blue Ray drive. This has very little benefit for games, and Sony just put it in to get a large installed base of blu-ray drives out there.

Sony likely won't be in a similar position with the PS4, and they likely have learned some other lessons from the PS3 as well, like not developing an extremely complex 7 core processor when the GPU is going to be the bottleneck, especially with games going HD.

It may take a long time before the PS3 breaks even financially, but that doesn't mean the PS4 won't be a success.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By djkrypplephite on 12/7/2006 1:15:17 AM , Rating: 2
This guy has it exactly. It's got so much mroe potential, but they spent so much money on the Cell instead of what REALLY counts in hardware, the GPU. It's pretty weak for the "HD-Console" market if you ask me, Xbox 360's R500 has the G71 beaten by miles.

Anywho, everybody's been pretty pissed about the price and availability, and they need to focus on better content, and until they get some of that, they shouldn't worry as much about the hardware. Man those Sony marketing and product designers/engineers are idiots.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By akugami on 12/7/2006 6:35:05 AM , Rating: 2
The main issue with the PS3 is the stupid inclusion of the Blu-Ray optical drive which served to raise prices up by an astronomical level for the near future and probably for the first couple of years with very little benefit to the consumer at this time.

Mind you, this is not to say that a Blu-Ray drive or the Blu-Ray media itself isn't superior technologically to DVD's. I especially love the decision to include a protective coating on the discs to give it a major major boost in scratch protection.

The next big problem with the PS3 is the Cell processor. Going for a multi-core CPU wasn't the problem. It's just that the Cell doesn't seem designed to be a great gaming CPU and more of a specialized CPU that would be more fitting in some supercomputer from CRAY or some insane number crunching machine in a university or NASA.

Going with IBM for it's CPU was the right move though as IBM has more experience in developing a more specialized CPU to cater to gaming consoles. I just think the Cell was co-developed by Sony mainly for it's hype factor than anything, at least on Sony's part.

Making any consumer product is always about compromises and Sony seemed to have went for flashy technology rather than looking for a good compromise between features and power. Worse from this layman's view, the Cell seems to be powerful in all the wrong directions for an easy to program for games CPU.

I don't disagree with Sony working with nVidia on the GPU. For the most part, nVidia and ATI have been neck to neck as far as overall performance goes. For the Sony fanboys, this means that the GPU's in both the Xbox 360 and the PS3 are probably closer in performance than you think and that overall, you won't see a huge difference in quality (at least graphically) between games on the PS3 and Xbox 360.

There are some who say that the PS3 will be a great console and all and be very successful. I'm not so sure on that. It is a powerful console but I don't know if it will be a great console. I don't even know if it will be a successful console. There is a very real possibility that the PS3 does not recoup it's costs. One of Sony's own executives has been on record (too lazy to look up the name) as saying the PS3 will recoup all of it's costs in 5 years. I'm sure this is with Sony being the dominant force, though with slower uptake of course due to price.

The problem is considering the market today and the boneheaded moves by Sony, there is a very real possibility that Sony is second place in Japan (an important market) with the Wii as the first choice.Unlike the US or Europe, Japan is much more accepting of different ways of gaming. This is the country with a game where you jam your fingers up a fake derriere after all. In the US and Europe, even the general consumers are getting interested in the Wii and this spells bad trouble for Sony with the higher presence of the Xbox 360 and Nintendo's surging Wii to stifle sales of PS3's. Not that Sony isn't doing a good job on stifling PS3 sales. We may find such an even spread of sales between all three consoles that it doesn't really matter who is in first second or third place. And that is a bad scenario for Sony. Great for Xbox 360 and Wii.

We may find a case where Sony looks good in the sales numbers department (like the original Xbox) but a disaster financially and if that's the case, then the PS3 will have been a failure much like the original Xbox. The object of the game is to make money not lose it.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By hstewarth on 12/11/2006 10:38:31 AM , Rating: 2
I disagree you and I have both a PS3 and XBox 360 with HD DVD. The main reason I purchase the PS3 was because of the Blue-Ray drive. This is well worth the price - I have a 20G and its not a big deal because its simple to upgrade the drive. Blue-Ray is not just for Blue-Ray movies - but also use for game content.

With HD DVD option on the 360, its yet another device to hook up to it - it bad enough with seperate powersupply. Any you can't even play games on it - that means there is no option for higher content games. 360 also has no HDMI option. While PS3 has HDMI and even works with DVI - also Component and standard TV.

But some of these maybe right, maybe they will not be a Playstation 4 console. it will likely be merge into more than just a console. PS3 already has the ability to load another OS and also backup its harddisk which is simple to removed.

Having both of these units with many games and movies on both, the Playstation 3 is a better unit. Runs cooler.

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By LagMo on 12/7/2006 12:40:24 AM , Rating: 2
Minigames or content scaled to lower resolutions is obviously practical...but who wants to bulid a console around those limitations?

Yeah, that'd just be WIIerd :P

RE: NeXT, the PS4, and you...
By rykerabel on 12/7/2006 12:38:17 PM , Rating: 2
LOL, ouch :P

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