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World nations inject $12.8-billion USD into the project

The Globe and Mail reports this week that the ITER nuclear fusion project has been approved for $12.8-billion USD. Although the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) has been in the planning and development stages for more than ten years, it is well supported by most of the world's leading countries that include the U.S., China, India, Russia, Japan, South Korea and the European Union.

DailyTech previously reported that the ITER project last met in Belgium, where the project was discussed for international support and funding. The main goal of the ITER project is to counter the effects of global warming and other environmentally harmful waste products that result from using fossil fuels. According to the ITER group, a nuclear fusion reactor will be able to produce energy by harnessing the same source of power that gives life to the sun.

The approval of the ITER project was accomplished at the Elysee Palace in Paris, where French president Jacques Chirac noted that "the growing shortage of resources and the battle against global warming demand a revolution in our ways of production and consumption." Many of the world leaders and leading scientists believe that nuclear fusion will be one of the primary sources of energy by the end of the century.

The first ITER reactor will be built in Cadarache, Provence. According to the report, the European Union will be funding 50-percent of the project while the remaining countries will each fund roughly 10-percent. The reactor is expected to create some 10,000 new jobs and take roughly eight years to build. 400 scientists around the world will manage the reactor and a demonstration power plant using nuclear fusion will be up and running by 2040.


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By Comdrpopnfresh on 11/25/2006 1:02:10 AM , Rating: 3
actually, nucs called "thermonuclear" weapons are fusion powered. they use fission to create extreme compression and heat, which starts fusion, which then powers a resulting fission reaction much more larger, powerful, and efficient compared to the initial fission reaction, or that of simple fission bombs. These were the weapons tested in the 'bikini atolls'. They are the most powerful nuclear weapons on the face of the world, the ones in double-digit megatons.
Fission reactors technically don't explode. Chernobyl only exploded because the unchecked heat built up and hydrogen was produced. Chernobyl also did not have any containment chamber, or a cement-steel backed up structure that all American facilities are required to have. They gases ignited, but this was indirectly because of the nuclear fuel- the fuel itself did not explode. Radiation was only released because the gases were radioactive, and because the fuel rods were blown up too. A melt down is when the fuel becomes soo hot it begins melting through the containments, and the ground. People are still unsure what happens in a meltdown, besides massive releases of radioactivity, and contamination as well. Some people speculate the seering-hot fuel continues towards the center of the earth until the compression and heat is so much that it causes a fission, or thermonuclear explosion under the earth's crust.


By Bladen on 11/25/2006 7:13:42 AM , Rating: 2
There are two types of hydrogen bombs that I know of.

1. Fission -> fusion, "clean bombs". They may kill less people, but are designed to not contaminate the land, water, and atmosphere severely. These bombs use the fission reaction to start the fusion reaction.

2. Fission -> fusion -> fission, "dirty bombs". Designed to kill more, but radiates as much or more lingering rads than an standard atom bomb. . These bombs use the fission reaction to start the fusion reaction, but then there is a jacket of radioactive material again encompassing the hydrogen.


By Comdrpopnfresh on 1/4/2007 5:14:35 PM , Rating: 2
i'm not sure about the second you're referring to. A traditional "dirty bomb" is a conventional explosive surrounded by radioactive material. Made by those who want to maximize damage/contamination, but don't have the knowledge or know-how to make a real nuclear weapon.


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