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Government officials insists new passports are secure

This week the US government plans to rollout new RFID passports to citizens nationwide. The new passports contain a chip which requires no power and contains duplicate information of what's printed on the passports. This way, government officials at air ports and other national borders can quickly verify the authenticity of printed information on the passports. DailyTech last reported that the US government planned to issue the new passports this month despite privacy concerns.

Despite the security benefits that the US government is boasting, security advocates and experts say that the new RFID passports present an increased level of danger for passport users. Because of the technology being used, remote RFID readers can read information off the passports for cloning or malicious use. The US government argues that this is no different than having someone steal a physical passport -- they wouldn't be able to use it anyway. Officials claim that the information be stored on the new passports are encrypted and cannot be copied and modified. Likewise, the information on the passports cannot be scrambled or changed because the chips are read-only.

The US State Department already has a fairly comprehensive Frequently Asked Questions website about the new electronic passports.  About half of the official Q&A from the State Department is with regard to security.  For example, the site claims "To prevent eavesdropping, Basic Access Control (BAC) is employed in the U.S. e-passport.  BAC is similar to a PIN used in ATM or credit card transactions.  In the case of the electronic passport, characters from the printed machine-readable zone of the passport must be read first in order to unlock the chip for reading.  Thus, when an electronic passport is presented to an inspector, the inspector must scan the printed lines of data in order to be able to read the data on the chip." 

Staff counsel at the Electronic Privacy Information Center in Washington said that "many of the advantages the industry is touting are eliminated by security concerns." However, a German security company has already demonstrated that information on the new passports can be copied and transferred to another device.  The State Department claims there is an anti-skimming technology in place to prevent this type of exploit specifically, though exact details of the counter-measure have not been revealed yet.

The new passports are being manufactured by Infineon Technologies, but production has not started yet. Other countries deploying new passport technologies include Japan, France and Canada. The new RFID passports are already being used in French international passports and Canada plans to introduce biometric passports sometime in 2007.  Japan's all-biometic passports are already being rolled out in select regions. The UK is still in the planning phases for its passports.

The new passports will cost roughly $97 per passport and includes a $12 security surcharge. The US government expects the technology to be fully deployed within the year. Those with regular passports will still be able to use them until the expiration date is reached.


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RE: protecting your data
By nilepez on 8/14/2006 5:43:12 PM , Rating: 2
He said detonators wired to go off if you're american. Maybe you're unusual, but most of us don't walk around the streets with our airline ticket stub in hand.

As for english, it sounds like you've never left the country. Hard as it is to believe, many, if not all foreigners cannot distinguish between the various english accents, including Britsh vs American. They certainly won't differentiate between Canadian and American.

The system will be cracked (I guess it already has) and identities will be stolen.

There is no security that can't be defeated and this is no exception.


RE: protecting your data
By Knish on 8/14/2006 6:30:25 PM , Rating: 1
quote:
He said detonators wired to go off if you're american. Maybe you're unusual, but most of us don't walk around the streets with our airline ticket stub in hand.


I am guessing you haven't travelled overseas much. I have an Israeli and a US passport. Whenever I travel, especially to Asia, I *always* have my passports with me.

1.) No one steals it from my hotel room
2.) If you get arrested or in trouble and need to go to the embassy, your passport is the only thing anyone will accept as far as identification
3.) Considering the turbulence in the world, if I had to get out of the country *fast* I am not going to screw around and go back to the hotel room -- I'm booking it to the airport and I already have my passports with me.



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