New Nanotube Batteries Recharge in Seconds
August 9, 2006 9:54 AM
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The new batteries can also be recharged hundreds of thousands of times say MIT researchers
You could be charging your long lasting batteries in a matter of seconds in the future if several researchers at MIT get their way.
According to a report
, researchers at MIT have discovered a new way of making batteries that involves using millions of nanotubes. Leaping over traditional battery technologies, the new types of batteries are based on capacitors, which have been around even longer than the battery itself.
A capacitor maintains a charge by relying on two metallic electrodes. The actual storage capacity of a capacitor is directly proportional to the surface area of those electrodes, and unfortunately making a capacitor in traditional battery sizes means that the electrode surface area is simply too small. To overcome this, the researchers cover the electrodes with millions of nanotube filaments, effectively increasing the surface area.
According to research team leader Joel Schindall "[the nanotube battery] could be recharged many, many times perhaps hundreds of thousands of times, and ... it could be recharged very quickly, just in a matter of seconds rather than a matter of hours." With such promise, Schindall and his team believes that the new technology will revolutionize portable electronics as well as the automotive industry. "Larger devices such as automobiles where you could regeneratively re-use the energy of motion and therefore improve the energy efficiency and fuel economy."
The research team at MIT is hoping that this new promising technology will show up in the market in less than five years from now.
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RE: a little more than that
8/10/2006 1:06:25 PM
When gas tanks "explode", they can only release as much energy as there is oxygen to burn - not a true explosion where all energy is released at once. Though Hollywood gas tanks obey to other laws than nature's as we know :P
When your start-capacitor rupture you only release a few joules of power, if a joule at all, due to their relatively low capacity. There is no comparison to what's debated here.
The danger of high capacity batteries is no joke. We have all read about exploding laptops and heard about the security features necessary in each and every LiIon battery. Naked, charged LiIon batteries WILL explode if shortcircuited. The capacitor battery will be no different. If you have large amounts of energy contained in a small place, there is always the risk of an explosion, if the battery is able to release the energy quickly.
"In fact traveling at any speed faster than about 10mph is inherently dangerous" BS. By that logic absolutely nothing is not inherently dangerous.
RE: a little more than that
8/10/2006 11:59:04 PM
The energy in such a huge capacitor probably could cause an explosion if shorted out, but that depends on the thing that caused the short. More likely it would melt and break the circuit.
There are such things as fuses too... The 12v battery in any car today could cause a nasty explosion too, why aren't you worried about that? There's a 100amp fuse on mine...
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