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Mixture of battery tuning and firmware innovations could deliver 3 to 5 times longer battery life

While the poaching of Microsoft Corp.'s (MSFT) top scientists by Google Inc. (GOOG) and other rivals has made headlines in recent years, Microsoft still appears to have plenty of brainpower in the stable at its long-term R&D unit, Microsoft Research.
I. Batteries Within Batteries
Similar to Google X Labs, Microsoft Research focuses on solutions that are often highly unorthodox and seemingly years away from commercialization yet might make a major splash in key segments.  An example of a matured Microsoft Research effort was Photosynth -- Microsoft's mind-bending software that generates 3D scenes from 2D images.
Among the most intriguing projects of current Microsoft Research team members is the work of senior mobility research Ranveer Chandra.  Mr. Chandra joined Microsoft in 2005 after receiving his Ph.D in computer science from Cornell University for research focused on wireless stacks.
Today, Mr. Chandra's work is still focused on mobile devices, but on one of the mobile industry's biggest shortfalls -- battery life.  Today’s most powerful smartphones and tablets require daily recharges.  Mr. Chandra's goal is highly ambitious and specific -- to deliver smartphone technology that takes battery life under average daily use from around a day or two to a full week.

Ranveer Chandra
Microsoft Research senior scientist Ranveer Chandra wants smartphones that can go for a week without a recharge. [Image Source: Microsoft]

In other words, he wants to make smartphone battery life around 3 to 5 times greater than what is currently available.
Part of that increase could come from improved battery chemistries, but Mr. Chandra isn't holding his breath.  He points out that battery capacity has only doubled in the past 15 years.  Presenting on his research at the MIT Technology Review’s Digital Summit in San Francisco, he told the audience:

You can’t just wait for the best battery technology to come along.  We can make a lot of progress because systems today don’t use battery intelligently.

His most innovative idea is to produce a battery with two or more individual cells or segments tuned for different power consumption levels.  Today's smartphones have a single battery that supplies current at what is considered an "average" load.  In smartphone terms, typically this means an average use case when the phone is on.
Heat and electrical leakages diminish any battery from its ideal theoretical capacity.  Batteries see the lowest level of waste -- and highest level of energy efficiency -- when operating at the current they're tuned to.  The problem when it comes to smartphones is that at low power (standby), the hardware is typically drawing too little current and wastes more power, as a result.  On the flip side, when under an unusual heavy load (e.g. a pocket 3D-game) the phone may draw more than the battery's standard current, causing it to heat up and waste power.
Mr. Chandra's initial concept involves using two lithium ion batteries -- one for standby current levels; the other for current levels at higher performance.  In tests this seemingly simple change increase a smartphone's battery life by 20 to 50 percent.
While he didn't go into details, it's reasonable to extrapolate that eventually the principle could be extended to subdivisions of the active power cell into multiple current levels -- perhaps one for very low power activities (reading texts, etc.), one for medium power activities (internet browsing), and one for very graphically intensive activities (HD video, 3D gaming).  Also, as standby power is typically consumed while the phone is sitting in your pocket (poorly ventilated) and active power is typically consumed when the phone is sitting in your hand (well ventilated), the standby cell could be tuned to operate under poor ventilation conditions.
II. Smarter Multitasking
While that technology hasn't made it to the commercial phase yet, Mr. Chandra's firmware work has started to trickle into use.  One of his projects is E-Loupe -- a piece of OS firmware that essentially does predictive multitasking.  It watches app usage in order to predict which currently unused apps aren't likely to be used for some time.  Those apps are then either paused or slowed down.  E-Loupe uses a cloud database of a plethora of Windows users in order to generate smarter predictions, even before your device learns the quirks of your particular usage patterns.
Battery prediction
Microsoft's E-Loupe uses the cloud to optimize multitasking power consumption.

Windows 8 incorporates a rudimentary version of E-Loupe into its laptop power management firmware.  It watches how much computing resources (and by proxy power), an app uses and then uses that information to control CPU frequencies (and power consumption).

It will take a lot of work to achieve the dynamite goal of a 3-5 times battery life improvement in the timeframe Mr. Chandra desires -- the next several years.  But Microsoft appears to be in striking distance of those goals, if he is able to properly mature his current mixture of hardware (battery tuning) and firmware (predictive task pausing/backgrounding, CPU clockspeed control).

If Windows Phones could run for a full week on a single charge under normal use and Microsoft held the patents to make that capability exclusive, that could be a game changer for Microsoft's smartphone ambitions.

Source: MIT Technology Review

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By Motoman on 6/12/2014 6:45:23 PM , Rating: 3
Microsoft Wants One-Week Battery Life From Smartphones

And people in hell want iced tea.

I don't really give a sh1t about what the life of a cell phone battery is so long as it gets me through a day. Because I can spare the 1.5 seconds it takes me to plug it in when I go to bed.

Sadly, it seems that most phones can't get through a day. At least, not if you do anything with them other than hope no one calls you.

RE: Uh-huh
By Jeffk464 on 6/13/2014 12:26:33 AM , Rating: 2
Yup, give me real all day performance. But all day can mean unplugged navigation while playing podcasts and music collection through the car stereo.

RE: Uh-huh
By Labotomizer on 6/13/2014 11:19:25 AM , Rating: 2
If you want that then light usage would equate to a week... So you're basically asking for what MS is going for. Makes sense.

RE: Uh-huh
By FITCamaro on 6/13/2014 11:50:33 AM , Rating: 2
My Note 2 can do that. No not 12 hours of navigation + music streaming. But reasonable levels of each and last the day.

RE: Uh-huh
By bug77 on 6/13/2014 6:09:53 AM , Rating: 2
The problem I see with daily charging is that batteries increasingly become non user-replaceable and their life is still measured in hundreds of recharge cycles.

RE: Uh-huh
By Motoman on 6/13/2014 2:24:34 PM , Rating: 2
No one's holding back on battery tech...they're as good as we can reasonably make them as mass-produced products.

Not having user replaceable batteries in any device, though, is pretty moronic. Especially in a cell phone, which for far too many people can't keep active for a single day's use without needing a recharge...or battery swap.

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