T-Sprintle: Bid to Merge T-Mobile and Sprint Gets Financing
April 30, 2014 9:50 PM
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The players behind the scenes are Deutsche Telekom and Softbank; T-Mobile would likely be put in charge
that Softbank Corp. (
) has secured enough financing to cover a bid for T-Mobile U.S. Inc. (
) in June or July in a move that could shake up the U.S. wireless network race.
I. Sprint, T-Mobile Reinvigorated by Bold 2012 Moves
The roots of the deal lie in T-Mobile U.S.'s current majority owner's desire to sell the brand, and Softbank's desire to expand its American holdings.
Softbank made a name for itself in Japan by its strong marketing, aggressive acquisitions, and dedication to infrastructure improvement. But faced with a slowly shrinking market in Japan (whose population is
expected to shrink in half
by around 2100
due to low birth rates
) it in Oct. 2012 made a bold move
bidding for Sprint Nextel
a bidding war with DISH Network
last year and Sprint Corp. (
, with Softbank holding 80 percent of shares and public investors holding the remaining shares.
Softbank and its CEO Masayoshi Son outbid DISH Network to become the majority owner of Sprint last year. [Image Source: Reuters]
The deal has produced
a remarkable turnaround
at the money-losing Sprint, which before the deal was teetering dangerously close to bankrupcy. Now it's
almost cash-neutral and has stopped its bleed in subscribers
. Sprint is currently in third place in the U.S. market with about 54 million customers.
T-Mobile U.S. was formed over a decade before in 2001, via Deutsche Telekom AG's (
) purchase of Powertel and Voicestream (a successor to the defunct Western Wireless Corp.). For nearly a decade and a half Deutsche Telekom has managed the brand, which it owns 67 percent in. And that brand was struggling.
Deutsche Telekom has owned T-Mobile U.S. since 2001. [Image Source: MobiFrance]
But 2012 proved a pivotal turning point for T-Mobile -- the fourth largest wireless carrier -- much like it did for Sprint. Deutsche Telekom
in Sept. 2012 appointed John J. Legere
an unorthodox and disruptive CEO
-- to head T-Mobile U.S. and in
Oct. 2012 announced a bid for MetroPCS
. Together these moves made T-Mobile
the fastest growing carrier
at the end of 2013. T-Mobile currently is profitable and has a little over 46 million customers.
But Deutsche Telekom is in the opposite of Softbank's position. It enjoys a strong, but hypercompetitive market back home. So with T-Mobile U.S. shares riding on epic highs, it wants to sell now and spend its proceeds on financing network expansions to keep it back home in Germany (a market which does not face the population shrinkage concerns as Japan's does).
II. A Bid Expected to Come After All
For a time it seemed unlikely that Softbank (via its proxy, Sprint) would make a bid for T-Mobile. Antitrust regulators have already made it clear
they oppose such a deal
as they fear it could limit competition and stall both companies' momentum. But it now appears that Softbank/Sprint will indeed pursue such an acquisition.
reports that Softbank (via Sprint) will likely make a bid in June or July for its smaller rival. The decision comes following a meeting Sprint Chief Financial Officer Joe Euteneuer and Treasurer Greg Block had with six top banks to ensure that the deal could receive financing.
Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase, and Goldman Sachs are among the U.S. banking financiers of the supposed pending Softbank offer. [Image Source: AP]
No one knows how much the deal will be worth. T-Mobile currently has a market cap of $24B+ USD, including the jump in shares after news of the strengthening acquisition interest. T-Mobile U.S. does hold $8.7B USD in net debt, but it also recently received $6B USD in cash and spectrum from AT&T, Inc. (
) following its failed 2011 takeover attempt.
Deutsche Telekom wants as much cash as possible in the deal, another person said.
The deal could stretch to $40-50B USD -- part of which will likely go to T-Mobile for continued network expansion. Such a deal would be well north of the $16.6B USD in cash that Softbank gave Sprint Nextel shareholders for its stake (along with an additional $5B USD for network expansion in a deal worth ~$22B USD). In fact, T-Mobile U.S. could cost Softbank twice what it paid for Sprint Nextel.
Reportedly Sprint met with Goldman Sachs Group Inc. (
), Citigroup Inc. (
), JPMorgan Chase & Comp. (
), Mizuho Financial Group Inc. (
), Bank of America Corp. (
), and Deutsche Bank (Deutsche Boerse AG (
III. T-Sprintle: Likely Led by Legere, With More T-Mo Flavor, Less Sprint
The resulting company would a be a behemoth, with 110 million customers, surpassing even Verizon Wireless (a wholly owned subsidiary of Verizon Communications Inc. (
)). Verizon Wireless ended Q1 2014 with 103.3 million customers, while AT&T has around 78 million subscribers in the U.S.
While one cannot discount the risk of both T-Mobile and Sprint losing their newfound momentum amidst a merger, one piece of good news is that it sounds like Softbank is leaning towards putting T-Mobile's leadership more heavily in charge of the merged entity. It reports:
SoftBank and Deutsche Telekom AG (DTE), which owns about 67 percent of T-Mobile, are still speaking with each other to determine who would run the company, the people said. T-Mobile CEO John Legere is the leading candidate, one of the people said.
T-Mobile CEO John Legere, would likely head the merged brand. [Image Source: NYT]
That's bad news for Sprint CEO Dan Hesse, but arguably good news for U.S. customers who have rated T-Mobile much higher in brand satisfaction than Sprint in recent quarters.
And that would likely mean that the merged entity might behave more like T-Mobile in terms of strategy, regardless of whether the plan involves merging the brands under one name (Sprint? T-Mobile? T-Sprintle?) or continuing to operate under separate names (similar to the MetroPCS acquisition and merger).
[Image Source: Flickr (top); Getty Images (bottom)]
Softbank is reportedly well aware U.S. antitrust regulators concerns, and is preparing a lengthy defense of the deal. Given that regulators already shot down AT&T's argument -- effectively that competition might be harmed a little, but not a lot -- Softbank and its CEO Masayoshi Son will likely have to convince regulators that competition would actually improve under the scenario.
Even if approval from U.S. government regulators is won, a deal would likely take until late 2015 -- or even 2016 -- to wrap up given that it would require the approval of shareholders of all four companies (Sprint, Softbank, T-Mobile U.S., and Deutsche Telekom).
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5/3/2014 3:13:54 AM
CDMA is the dominant tech worldwide. Most 3G data services are CDMA, including 3G on GSM networks.
Verizon and Sprint (and a good chunk of Japan and Korea) also use CDMA for voice. GSM uses TDMA which is just horrible; it wastes a lot of bandwidth (which is why GSM was nearly 2 years behind at rolling out 2G data - they basically added a second radio for CDMA data). Fortunately voice doesn't take much bandwidth, so it doesn't impact their voice performance much.
LTE replaces CDMA for data, and as you point out it's cross-compatible (it uses OFDMA) as long as the radio supports the frequencies the carrier uses. But for backwards compatibility reasons, voice will remain as-is. Probably won't change until voice over data becomes standard.
The main reason to like GSM is the concept of SIM cards - your plan is linked to your SIM card, and you're free to pop it into any phone. If you and a friend want to swap phones for a week to test drive them before your next purchases, you can. LTE also uses the same SIM card so hopefully we'll see that spread to the CDMA voice carriers. Eventually. (e.g. The Nexus 5 has both CDMA and TDMA voice radios, as well as LTE and a SIM card. So you can use the same phone on Sprint, AT&T, and T-Mobiile. Verizon's CDMA frequencies weren't included when they failed to reach a deal with Google/LG.)
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