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The goal is to help automakers meet new emissions standards, increase vehicle performance and improve public health

Gasoline is about to get a whole lot cleaner as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) looks to reduce the amount of sulfur in fuel with a new regulation. 
According to the EPA, it's finalizing new rules that will cut the amount of sulfur in gasoline by two-thirds starting in 2017. The goal is to help automakers meet new emissions standards, increase vehicle performance and improve public health.
A vehicle's catalytic converter primarily controls emissions, but over time, sulfur in fuel can disable auto technologies that work to eliminate emissions. 
Sulfur took a massive hit in 2000 when the EPA required the amount be lowered from an average of 300 ppm (parts per million) to 30 ppm. When these new rules are finalized, that number will drop further to 10ppm nationwide by 2017. 
The EPA estimates an 80 percent reduction in emissions for cars and trucks from today’s fleet average, and a 60 percent reduction for heavy-duty vehicles.

[SOURCE: Automobile Magazine]

"These standards are a win for public health, a win for our environment, and a win for our pocketbooks," said EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy. "By working with the auto industry, health groups, and other stakeholders, we're continuing to build on the Obama Administration's broader clean fuels and vehicles efforts that cut carbon pollution, clean the air we breathe, and save families money at the pump."
Automakers like the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers -- a trade group representing Detroit’s Big Three automakers, Toyota Motor Corp., Volkswagen AG and others -- have welcomed the rules because it lowers the cost of technologies needed to improve fuel economy and meet emissions standards. The auto industry will spend about $200 billion to double the efficiency of the fleet by 2025 to 54.5 MPG.
The program is estimated to cost less than a penny per gallon of gasoline, and about $72 per vehicle. The annual cost of the overall program in 2030 is estimated to be about $1.5 billion. 
Putting these new rules in place would also improve public health. According to the EPA, the rules will annually prevent up to 30,000 cases of respiratory ailments in children; 2,200 hospital admissions and asthma-related emergency room visits; 2,000 premature deaths, and 1.4 million lost school days and work days. 
Total health-related benefits in 2030 are estimated to be between $8 billion and $23 billion annually.

Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

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By FITCamaro on 3/6/2014 8:18:07 AM , Rating: 2
It all depends on what they're looking at. Our standards treat gas and diesel the same but gas and diesel don't burn the same. We should be letting engineers design engines to burn as efficiently as possible, not setting some arbitrary emission standard that might not allow that to happen.

My basis is that they have been higher than even European standards. But I think even Europe's are out of control. Instead of just saying "this standard is good enough", they are constantly pushing it higher and higher. To where eventually it is either enormously expensive to meet the standard or can't be met at all. All in an effort to push us onto electrics or other alternatives.

If we keep going down this road of ever higher regulations, eventually we will be pushed onto electrics. To where if they aren't ready we'll be paying through the nose and be severly constrained in what we can do with our vehicles and how far we can go. Maybe that's something you want, but its not what I want. America is a big place. And I like to be able to drive across large portions of it in a single day. And not only where Elon Musk has built supercharger stations. Nor can I afford a Tesla now or anytime soon.

As demand for electrics rises, prices on rare earth metals will only similarly rise. Meaning we'll switch from one rare resource (that we actually can create alternatives out of through nature and genetic engineering) to another rare resource which we don't have a lot of.

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