AMD Soft Launches Its First ARM Server Chips
January 29, 2014 12:30 PM
The new SoCs pack 4 to 8 A57 cores, powerful coprocessors
At its fifth annual Open Compute Summit in San Jose, Calif., the world's second-largest PC and server processor-maker, Advanced Micro Devices Inc. (
), has announced the start of a crucial transition. It announced the sampling of the Opteron A1100 Series processor and an accompanying development kit.
I. Seattle Calling
These are no ordinary AMD chips. They are AMD's first chips to pack ARM Holdings Plc's (
) processor architecture, an architecture that has dominated the mobile space.
This is a soft launch. AMD will be making actual
samples (the codename for the A1100 server chips) available "in the next few weeks" in March. Actual commercial availability will arrive sometime in H2 2014, according to AMD.
For AMD this is a critical release in its bid to return to profitability. AMD has set some incredibly ambitious goals for itself, announcing its intent to become not just a leader, but "the leader in ARM CPUs" and "the leader in ARM servers". AMD evens sets a hard target for itself -- 25 percent of total server chips sales -- more than five times its current market share.
AMD presents its first ARM server chip in San Jose. [Image Source: AMD]
How did AMD get here? What is
? And what can we expect from AMD's ARM push? Let's look into the answers.
II. The Underdog
AMD has perpetually playing underdog to Intel Corp. (
). With its challenger status has come
AMD has tried multiple tactics to give itself competitive and cost advantages. In July 2006, it
acquired graphics card maker ATI
proving to be ultimately one of the best moves AMD has made in recent years, given its sustaining profits over the last few years. Then in Oct. 2008 it announced
the spinoff of its money-losing fab business
, which became GlobalFoundries. And most recently it looked to strengthen its position in the server market with the
purchase of micro-server maker SeaMicro for $334M USD
But for all those attempts it
still posted a loss in 2013
, small as it might be. More troublingly, AMD's market share deficit has grown, not shrunk. In 2007 -- in AMD's strongest market (servers) -- it held roughly 15 percent of the market. By 2012 it had less than a third of that total, with 4.4 percent of the market
market research firm Trefis.
A major problem is simply that it's very expensive to design processors, and AMD does not have the kind of research and development cash that its rival Intel has.
III. The Answer?
With the advent of the mass mobile market, AMD sees perhaps its best chance to finally escape Intel's shadow and try to return to steady profitability. Critically, the mobile industry operates on a fundamentally different processor design model, one that spreads the costs and development.
The model begins with ARM Holdings Plc (
) which designs the basic core. Then comes the integrators like Qualcomm Inc. (
) and NVIDIA Corp. (
) who add on coprocessors (media, security, I/O, etc.). Lastly graphics firms, such as Imagination Technologies Group Plc (
) (or NVIDIA) add on value via their special graphics processors.
Having watched NVIDIA's success in jumping into the role as ARM processor maker, but also NVIDIA's subsequent struggles to sell its ARM processors, AMD is planning a different route. Instead of becoming just another mobile processor maker, AMD is looking to position itself as an early server processor maker.
AMD has tremendous server expertise in-house and the SeaMicro acquisition further strengthened that prowess. AMD's server processor product line has arguably been stronger for some time than the consumer line that tries to compete almost solely on pricing. Despite Intel's process lead, AMD's Opteron server processors in recent models have been able to beat Intel's Xeon server processors in one critical metric -- heavily threaded loads.
Many believe that ARM cores are more conducive to massively multicore chips.
Intel's Xeon Phi
) -- x86 chips that currently pack up to 61 cores -- would certainly call such claims into question.
But much like the GlobalFoundries spinoff, the move unquestionably will help offload an expensive and complex part of the CPU design and production food chain that AMD long did itself. NVIDIA's ARM journey shows that ARM Holdings has made it reasonably easy for even a semiconductor firm inexperienced in processor development to deploy an ARM-equipped system-on-a-chip (SoC).
The move could further cut costs by allowing AMD to leverage the ARM-specific process technologies found at third party fabs like Samsung Electronics Comp., Ltd. (
) and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Comp., Ltd. (
IV. The Specs
The A1100 Opterons include:
4 or 8 core ARM Cortex™-A57 processors
Up to 4 MB of shared L2 and 8 MB of shared L3 cache
Configurable dual DDR3 or DDR4 memory channels with ECC at up to 1866 MT/second
Up to 4 SODIMM, UDIMM or RDIMMs
8 lanes of PCI-Express® Gen 3 I/O
8 Serial ATA 3 ports
2 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports
ARM TrustZone® technology for enhanced security
Crypto and data compression co-processors
AMD's development platform supports up to 8 SATA drives, 128 GB of DDR3 DRAM, and an octacore ARM chip.
The development platform AMD is shipping to potential customers and ARM server developers includes:
An AMD Opteron A1100 Series processor
4 Registered DIMM slots for up to 128GB of DDR3 DRAM
PCI Express® connectors configurable as a single x8 or dual x4 ports
8 Serial-ATA connectors
Compatibility with standard power supplies
Ability to be used stand-alone or mounted in standard rack-mount chassis
Standard UEFI boot environment
Linux environment based on Fedora, which provides developers with a rich set of tools and applications
Standard Linux GNU tool chain, including cross-development version
Platform device drivers
Apache web server, MySQL database engine, and PHP scripting language for developing robust web serving applications
Java 7 and Java 8 versions to provide developers to work in a 64-bit ARM environment
AMD has a number of partners working on the ARM server project.
AMD is targeting large virtual machine clients, such as hosting firms, academic supercomputing institutions, and internet content providers like Facebook, Inc. (
) (an AMD client who is specific mentioned as one of AMD's partners for the project).
"I'd be pissed too, but you didn't have to go all Minority Report on his ass!" -- Jon Stewart on police raiding Gizmodo editor Jason Chen's home
IDF Wrapup Pt. II: Catching Up With Supermicro, Adaptec, Kingston, and Gskill
September 16, 2013, 1:27 PM
AMD, Microsoft Beat Analyst Estimates, Despite Struggles
April 19, 2013, 12:02 PM
AMD Set to Restructure After Poor Q3 Earnings, Layoff 15% of Workforce
October 19, 2012, 9:05 AM
AMD Acquires Cloud Server Maker SeaMicro for $334M USD
March 1, 2012, 4:43 PM
Intel Shows 22nm 50-Core "Knights Corner" CPU
November 16, 2011, 9:54 AM
November 28, 2016, 1:01 AM
Iron Man Mechanical Keyboard
November 18, 2016, 2:28 AM
When you shop for a computer, consider what you need it for?
November 17, 2016, 1:00 AM
Here Goes Intel and AMD - Neck and Neck Again
November 14, 2016, 5:00 AM
Refurbished Desktops and More in Today’s Market
November 13, 2016, 5:00 AM
AMD Inspires Innovation Everywhere
November 12, 2016, 1:00 AM
Most Popular Articles
Sales Battle - Apple iPad Mini vs Samsung Galaxy Tab
November 29, 2016, 12:36 AM
Phillips 55’ 4K Smart TV – Is This Really a Deal? We Think So.
November 25, 2016, 9:44 AM
PlayStation 4 Pro – 4K Console for 4K TVs
November 28, 2016, 1:00 AM
Lenovo Yoga 900 and Lenovo Yogo 900S – Powerful Performance in an Ultra-Thin Packages
November 27, 2016, 5:00 AM
Best Phones of 2016 - Priced under $650.00
November 27, 2016, 5:00 AM
Latest Blog Posts
Dec 3, 2016, 5:00 AM
Dec 2, 2016, 5:00 AM
Surface Ergonomic Keyboard
Dec 1, 2016, 3:01 AM
Chapeconense plane crash: Football rallies around Brazilian Team
Nov 30, 2016, 1:00 AM
How to Extends Your iPhone’s Battery Life
Nov 29, 2016, 12:49 AM
Nov 28, 2016, 1:12 AM
News: Fidel Castro
Nov 27, 2016, 5:00 AM
Nov 26, 2016, 5:00 AM
Changes in Social status affect the way genes turn on and off within immune cells.
Nov 25, 2016, 5:12 AM
Austrian far–right hopeful Hofer may back EU vote.
Nov 24, 2016, 4:00 AM
Final Fantasy XV Leaked Before Nov 29 Launch Date
Nov 23, 2016, 1:00 AM
Nov 22, 2016, 2:26 AM
Nov 21, 2016, 1:00 AM
HTC Makes Big Moves in China
Nov 20, 2016, 2:00 AM
Do you know who is the number one company in the word?
Nov 19, 2016, 5:30 AM
Foldable Cardboard ”EcoHelmet” wins James Dyson Award’s Top Prize
Nov 18, 2016, 2:39 AM
Scientists Discover Roundest Object Ever Spotted in Universe
Nov 17, 2016, 1:00 AM
Smallest Device Lets You Print Almost from Anywhere
Nov 16, 2016, 9:32 AM
Cancer Screening in the Community Is there a link between Cancer and Poverty?
Nov 15, 2016, 8:00 AM
More Blog Posts
Copyright 2016 DailyTech LLC. -
Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information