Top Microsoft Graphics Genius Defects to Google
December 17, 2013 4:27 PM
The developer of Seadragon Photosynth, and Bing Maps Augment Reality will join machine learning group
After seven years with Microsoft Corp. (
), Blaise Agüera y Arcas, 38,
for Google Inc. (
). The departure is raising eyebrows, given Google's history of
poaching top talent
from Microsoft. Mr. Agüera y Arcas -- who created 2D and 3D data decomposition, delivery, and rendering algorithms -- had already played a pivotal role at Microsoft, earning the "distinguished engineer" tag.
This is not the first major move for Mr. Agüera y Arcas, though. Born in Mexico City, Mexico in 1975, as a young man he was fascinated with science, and soon would develop a love for computer programming. As early as age six he began to dabble with electronics and would go on to teach himself computer coding, despite lacking formal education in the field.
in 2010, "My attraction has never been to computers per se, but to the fact that they offer a highly leveraged way to invent magic."
Blaise Agüera y Arca [Image Source: Flickr]
His creative drive led him to apply to the prestigious
Department of Physics
in New Jersey. According to the
profile he did not take a single computer science course during his collegiate studies despite spending much of his undergraduate research effort on writing code. He taught himself everything he needed to know. Prior to graduation he worked for a year in a software engineer position with Real-Time Geometry (RTG) in 1996-1997, a company that would later become part of MetaTools, then Viewpoint.com.
By the time he left RTG in 1997, Mr. Agüera y Arcas was already developing his area of algorithmic expertise -- decomposing 2D and 3D scenes into highly compressed images, with selective zoom levels. By the time he graduated in 1998 he already held several graphics technology patents.
His Princeton physics advisor --
Professor Ingrid Daubechies
, a former Bell Labs luminary who is cited as a co-inventor of wavelet theory -- convinced him to briefly dabble in doctoral research after graduation. But the allure of the private sector was too great and the doctoral studies were put on indefinite hiatus. According to a Microsoft profile, Professor Daubechies still occasionally drops his former student a line, asking him when he will turn in his thesis.
Blaise Agüera y Arca is seen here working on Bing Maps Augment Reality in 2010 at Live Labs.
[Image Source: Torque Magazine]
Around that time he met his future wife -- Adrienne Fairhall, Ph.D -- at a neural network circuitry class at
The Marine Biological Laboratory
(MBL), a research center near Princeton.
At the time Professor Fairhall -- born in Australia -- had just finished her doctorate in theoretical physics at
the Weizman Institute of Science in Israel
and was working as a postdoctoral researcher at the
NEC Research Institute
, a collaboration between Princeton University and Japan's NEC Corp. (
). She would go on to collaborate with her former husband on "computational neuroscience projects, focused on the relationship between the physical description of excitable membranes and their computational properties."
II. Startup and Microsoft Years
In 2003 Mr. Agüera y Arcas founded Sand Codex, which would eventually lead him on a path to Microsoft. The next year proved a whirlwind of change: his new wife found out she was pregnant with their first child, and subsequently locked down a faculty position at the
University of Washington
So Mr. Agüera y Arcas relocated his new imaging software startup to Seattle, Washington, renaming it Seadragon. He would spend the two years developing the software's seamless zoom technology for extremely large images, scoring millions in venture capital.
Seadragon was acquired by Microsoft after showing off an early version of Deep Zoom.
The work drew the interest of Microsoft, which bought him out in 2006, folding the company into the freshly created
. Over the next few years the Seadragon's zoom technology was integrated into Microsoft's Silverlight 2 platform and Bing Maps software.
In 2007 he gave a "
TED talk, where he not only highlighted the technical achievements of Seadragon, but
a brand new software -- Photosynth
Photosynth integrated Seadragon's patented zoom technology with a new image processing twist -- it used color data to form crude 3D models from most photographs allowing you to stitch together 2D images in unprecedented ways. The project started as a school project of
, a UW computer graduate student; he would eventually go on to teach at
Photosynth transforms 2D photos into 3D scenes for manipulation and merging.
[Image Source: CNN/Microsoft]
Following Mr. Agüera y Arcas' TED talk, buzz around him grew fast. The next year at age 33, he was named one of the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Innovators Under 35
". In 2010 he gave another well-received TED talk, showing off Bing Maps' new Augmented Reality software, which incorporate algorithms from Seadragon and Photosynth, along with rich information on buildings, landmarks, businesses, and more. He described the project as "wikifying the world". He also helped develop Microsoft's
facial animation/modeling software
Photosynth is now part of
the showpiece "core apps" set
in Windows 8.1
III. A New (Mountain) View
It is unclear whether Mr. Agüera y Arcas' decision to leave Microsoft had anything to do with the company's
recent leadership overhauls
upcoming departure of CEO Steve Ballmer
, who had
run the company for the last 13 years
. But it's clear that the move is not as contentious (not yet, at least) as
some past departures
that lead to legal battles between the software firms.
The New York Times
' Nick Wingfield quotes Adam Sohn, a spokesman for Microsoft, as saying of the departing engineer, "He was a great colleague and we wish him the best in his future endeavors."
In his family blog "Style is Violence", Mr. Agüera y Arcas wrote that the move was "overwhelming" and that he felt "very lucky". He writes:
Nick Wingfield at the New York Times just
broke the news
that I’m going to Google. On one hand, of course this is tremendously exciting; Google is a company of grand ambitions and brilliant people. On the other hand it has been hard— very hard— to detach emotionally from Microsoft. The company’s leadership has been consistently good to me over these past eight years, and it has been a time filled with creativity and growth and good friends. It’s painful to leave behind so many wonderful ongoing projects, and even more so to leave behind such a great team.
The hardest decision of my life.
(This image was posted to summarize his thoughts.)
[Image Source: Ellen Forney]
At Google he will join the machine learning group, presumably moving to the company's
Mountain View headquarters
Google's Mountain View campus [Image Source: Bernard Andre]
He will work in
machine learning group, a group which focuses on images search and context. He may even g
et to play with some quantum computers
One pressing question is how much of the intellectual property behind Seadragon Mr. Agüera y Arcas owns. Depending on the answer, we could see some of the same impressive features in Photosynth and Bing Maps Augment Reality ported into Google Maps. Google has already showed off virtual tour software that is similar to Bing Maps AR -- it may lean on its newly acquired graphics mastermind to improve that software which is currently somewhat choppy when rendered in a browser.
Style is Violence
The New York Times
Microsoft Faculty Summit Profile
"The whole principle [of censorship] is wrong. It's like demanding that grown men live on skim milk because the baby can't have steak." -- Robert Heinlein
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