Is Microsoft Trojan Horsing Itself? CEO Candiate Elop Reportedly Wants to Break up Company
November 8, 2013 12:30 PM
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Sources close to Microsoft unveil Mr. Elop's controversial vision to sell of Xbox, Bing units
Incoming Microsoft Corp. (
executive vice president of devices Stephen Elop
is considered a front-runner for the CEO job,
with the departure of Steve Ballmer
took over from company cofounder and long-time CEO Bill Gates in 2000
. His candidacy is
sparking a fierce debate
over his executive track record and what direction Microsoft should move in as it looks to adjust to the new reality of an
increasing mobile-centric devices and software market
I. A Strange Track Record
Depending on who you ask Mr. Elop is either a quiet genius at saving companies -- or a bizarre master of destroying them.
The Canadian executive grew up in Ontario and went to school at
in Hamilton, Canada, studying computer engineering and management. Six years after his 1986 graduation, he scored his first major position as director of consulting at Lotus Software. At Lotus he played an admittedly smaller role in big direction decisions. But following an acquisition by International Business Machines Corp. (
) in 1995, he would soon move on to more influential roles.
Stephen Elop [Image Source: IBTimes]
Joining Boston Chicken (and Einstein Brothers Bagels), a rapidly growing fast-food franchise, he was appointed CIO. He rode along until 1998 when the company's large debts led it to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protections. Boston Chicken was subsequently acquired by McDonald's Corp. (
) and rebranded Boston Market.
Again, Mr. Elop jumped ship to another role, becoming an IT manager at Macromedia, a software firm who wrote the widely used Flash plugin and the Dreamweaver webpage development environment. Mr. Elop ascend to CEO in 2005, and three months later the company was sold to a top web/graphics software firm Adobe Systems Inc. (
) -- apparently Mr. Elop had learned a trick or two from the sales of Lotus and Boston Market.
Mr. Elop was CEO at Macromedia in 2005 and suprvised its sale to Adobe. [Image Source: Fotki]
But it is here that opinions diverge. Some
believed that Adobe had overpaid
and that Stephen Elop had played a clever game by first stoking rumors of a possible Microsoft buyout, which in turn
triggered a panicked bid from Adobe
. Indeed, Adobe paid $3.4B USD for Macromedia -- a 25 percent premium on share prices before the deal was announced. While Macromedia
[PDF], at the time investors were still quite wary with the fresh memory of the burst of the dot com bubble still in their rear view and this kind of premium for a software firm due to speculation about secret counterbids from another rival seemed downright "paranoid" to quote one analyst.
Others weren't as impressed with Mr. Elop's decision. Adobe had a poorer reputation for customer service at the time and many were angered at the prospect of it
gaining a virtual "monopoly"
over key internet software.
Even as this debate raged on, Mr. Elop didn't take long to leave from his new position as president of worldwide operations at Adobe. In 2007 he jumped ship to Juniper Networks, Inc. (
) a Californian networking equipment manager. He spent a quiet year there as COO.
Stephen Elop, at an Office 2010 launch event [Image Source: Microsoft]
Then he jumped to Microsoft, where he served as head of the business division, producing a number of successful, if controversial products,
such as Office 2010
, which continued to back
the "ribbon" menu format
, introduced in 2007 before his arrival.
II. Nokia Run -- A Trojan Horse or a Turnaround Wizard?
In 2011 he would make another surprise jump up the corporate ladder,
of struggling Finnish phonemaker and telecommunications equipment firm Nokia Oyj. (
). Many were wary of his ties to Microsoft and track record of being tied to firms who were acquired.
At the 2011 Mobile World Congress (MWC), the mobile industry's top trade show, Stephen Elop was asked outright by one member of the audience during a Q&A session
whether he was a "Trojan horse"
. Indeed if Mr. Elop's history didn't raise enough eyebrows, his subsequent decision to
switch Nokia over to solely using Microsoft's Windows Phone platform
Some accuse Stephen Elop (right) of being a Trojan horse during his two year reign at Nokia. [Image Source: Reuters]
In the end he
restored Nokia to profitability
-- but also ended up orchestrating a sale of Nokia's devices unit
to Microsoft for $7.2B USD
. Given that Nokia had
a market cap of $32.84B USD
in 2011, clearly Mr. Elop's cuts had taken a heavy toll on the phonemaker.
Again, here's where controversy take hold. Some say that Mr. Elop indeed has proved that he was a Trojan horse on a clear mission to devalue Nokia, briefly restore it to profitability, and then pass it off to Microsoft as a vehicle for Windows Phone. They cite a
$25M USD payout Mr. Elop received
as part of the purchase deal as "proof" of this alleged conspiracy.
Others contend that Nokia's aging
Symbian "burning platform"
left it in an uncompetitive position and that Mr. Elop performed admirably given the circumstances, and that Mr. Elop's past relationship with Microsoft was not a factor in his strategy. They point out that the sale allowed Nokia to
focus on the stable telecommunications market
rather than dividing its focus.
Ford Motor Comp. (
) CEO Alan Mulally (left), former Nokia CEO Stephen Elop (center), and former Skype CEO Tony Bates are considred front runners for the CEO job. [Image Source: AP/Reuters]
Now even as he settles in to his position at Microsoft, some
consider him a front-runner to be CEO at Microsoft
. One theory is that he might receive the position as a reward for his successful role as Trojan horse at Nokia.
III. Stephen Elop's Wild (Alleged) Plan for Microsoft
a new report in
is raising fresh questions -- not only about Mr. Elop's historical connections to major corporate acquisitions, but also regarding his fitness to lead Microsoft.
reports that Mr. Elop's proposed plan to Microsoft's CEO search group is to untie Microsoft's various software products -- most notably Office -- from Windows. While Office is current available for Apple, Inc. (
) Mac computers, Mr. Elop wants to offer full fledged versions of Office for the Apple iPad, tablets running Google Inc.'s (
) Android, and notebook computers running Google's Chrome OS. He'd pursue a similar approach for other products such as the Visual Studio development environment.
Windows sales have fallen, but should Microsoft kill the OS and focus on software? That seems to be Mr. Elop's alleged vision. [Image Source: Reuters]
Furthermore, Mr. Elop reportedly wants to directly sell off some non-software, non-mobile devices business.
Besides emphasizing Office, Elop would be prepared to sell or shut down major businesses to sharpen the company’s focus, the people said. He would consider ending Microsoft’s costly effort to take on Google with its Bing search engine, and would also consider selling healthy businesses such as the Xbox game console if he determined they weren’t critical to the company’s strategy, the people said.
At Nokia, Elop cut 40,000 jobs and reduced operating expenses by 50 percent. While Microsoft doesn’t face the same cost constraints, Elop would probably impose job cuts and belt-tightening to create smaller teams, said the people.
nodded in approval
of the thought of selling the
money losing Bing
. But the idea of selling the Xbox business is much more controversial as it is
a unit Microsoft has said is profitable
at worst is accused of being a "break even" business
Maybe unloading Bing
be a good idea. [Image Source: Business Insider]
Between breaking an exclusivity -- an approach which to many, would be akin to
Microsoft abandoning Windows
, its core product -- and the plans to chop off other business units for the auction, the most prevalent reaction at the overall plan appears to be shock. Some are asking --
is Microsoft "Trojan horsing" itself
Of course, this report has not been confirmed, and even
makes it clear that its sources said Mr. Elop had not finalized his proposed plan to the search committee.
Is Microsoft "Trojan horsing" itself? [Image Source: Venitism]
Microsoft's Frank Shaw mocked the report, stating, "We appreciate Bloomberg’s foray into fiction and look forward to future episodes."
However, top Windows blogger Paul Thurrott
calls the report
"credible" and actually agrees with Mr. Elop's (alleged) controversial plan. Likewise Paul Ghaffari, manager of Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen's $15B USD portfolio (which includes $2B USD worth of Microsoft stock -- about a 0.6 percent stake) has backed a similar proposal for spinning off Xbox and Bing, a move he says would pump Microsoft's profits by 40 percent, by reducing operating expenses.
The search business and even Xbox, which has been a very successful product, are detracting from that. We would want them to focus on their best competencies. My view is there are some parts of that operation they should probably spin out, get rid of, to focus on the enterprise and focus on the cloud.
Sounds like true or not, some have the same idea Mr. Elop supposedly does for radically transforming Microsoft.
It's worth watching this one carefully, as Stephen Elop does have an uncanny knack for both scoring unlikely positions of power and for chopping up and packaging companies for sale. Could Microsoft appoint Mr. Elop CEO? And if it does, would he make the wild decision of leaving the struggling Windows platform to a slow death and unloading major portions of Microsoft's diverse hardware, software, and internet service empire? We shall wait and see.
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11/11/2013 4:54:54 PM
Netscape 1.x was average speed. 2.x was fast, but crash-prone. 3.x was slower and needed a lot more RAM but was more stable. 4.x was fast and the browser was more stable than Communicator (which was a bundle and used more RAM).
IE 4.01 goes down as a particularly poor browser, slow and unstable. 4.5 was definitely an improvement in stability, but it was still slower than Netscape.
Most of this testing was done on Macs, so results could have been quite different on Windows.
1.1N, 2.02, 3.04, and 4.08 stand out as being leaders in the field. After that, the browser died. Netscape was really always better than IE while it was being heavily developed.
"We are going to continue to work with them to make sure they understand the reality of the Internet. A lot of these people don't have Ph.Ds, and they don't have a degree in computer science." -- RIM co-CEO Michael Lazaridis
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