Bradley Manning Sentenced to 35 Years, Eligible for Parole in 6 Years
August 21, 2013 7:43 PM
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Mr. Manning -- now the second highest profile leaker -- received a relatively lenient sentence
(Former) U.S. Private First Class Bradley Manning was sentenced on Wednesday to 35 years in prison and dishonorably discharged after being found guilty of charges relating to
to the site
and its founder, Julian Assange.
I. The Sentence
Prior to the sentencing hearing, Judge Col. Denise Lind delivered a key win for the prosecution agreeing to merge certain offenses, such that the maximum consecutive sentence Mr. Manning faced was 90 years in prison, rather than the
136 years he initially faced
following the guilt determination phase. In that phase, Mr. Manning notably was found not guilty of aiding the enemy, an accusation that
could have carried a death sentence
At the sentencing hearing prosecutors wanted at least 60 years, while his defense wanted twenty years -- or roughly two-and-a-half times the length of the most severe (10-year individual sentence) offenses he was convicted of.
Mr. Manning escaped a potential death sentence in the guilt ruling and escaped life in prison in the sentencing ruling.
Predictably, Judge Lind decided somewhere in the middle, leaving both sides somewhat dissatisfied.
She ruled that the 3 and 1/2 effective "years" Mr. Manning had already served since his 2010 arrest (a total inflated by time in solitary confinement) would count towards the 35-year sentence. That leaves Mr. Manning with only 31 and 1/2 years left in the sentence.
II. Release by 2021?
If he does not win an appeal or get parole, he would be 56 years old when he gets out of federal prison. However, in all likelihood he will get out long before then.
One possibility -- albeit unlikely -- is an appeal or a pardon. His defense attorney, David Coombs, was not pleased with the verdict and vowed to fight for an even more reduced sentence during the appeals phase. That phase is automatic (as all such cases receive an appeal) and will be held before the
Army Court of Criminal Appeals
. Pretrial hearings for the appeal already started in 2012 pending this year's sentencing outcome; the appeals trial itself will start in June.
Bradley Manning, 25, was sentenced this week. [Image Source: AP]
Mr. Coombs told reporters he will seek a presidential pardon, remarking:
Pfc. Manning was one of the brave Americans who was not willing to remain silent. Instead he decided to provide us with information that he believed would spark reform, would spark debate and he provided us with information that he believed might change the world.
The time to end Brad's suffering is now. The time for our president to focus on protecting whistleblowers instead of punishing them is now.
Regardless of the merit or villainy of Mr. Manning's actions, there is some truth in his lawyer's statement. The Obama administration has charged more than twice as
many self-proclaimed "whistleblowers"
with Espionage Act (
18 U.S.C. § 792
) offenses as all the previous administrations before him (since the Act was passed in 1917) combined, according to
. While some of these individuals are certainly guilty, the sheer number would seemingly suggest that the Obama administration was indeed at times using legal strong-arm tactics to have a "chilling effect" on the
reporting of government corruption
, a dangerous precedent.
That said, the administration was unequivocal on its view of Mr. Manning. At a fundraiser in April 2011, Mr. Obama
about Mr. Manning. He commented:
We're a nation of laws. We don't let individuals make their own decisions about how the laws operate. He broke the law.
It seems unlikely that the President would have changed his mind, so a pardon attempt seems mere showmanship. A sentence reduction in the appeals phase is also unlikely, although within the realm of possibility.
Much more likely is the possibility of parole. Mr. Manning's lawyer said that with military court parole rules, if Mr. Manning continues his good behavior as a prisoner, he could be eligible for parole in 6 and 1/2 years. In that circumstance he could see freedom by the age of 32.
Being granted parole is by no means guaranteed, particularly in controversial high profile cases. But all in all it seems that Mr. Manning got off relatively light, going from a possible death penalty hearing to 136 years in prison, then next from 136 years in prison to 90 years, then from 90 years to 35 years, and finally from 35 years to potentially 6 and 1/2 years with time served and early release for good behavior factored in.
III. Seemingly Sincere Apology Played a Role in Somewhat Lenient Sentencing
Judge Lind clearly factored Mr. Manning's seemingly sincere apology into that significant reduction. In a previous hearing last Wednesday Mr. Manning stated:
First, your honor, I want to start off with an apology. I am sorry. I am sorry that my actions hurt people. I am sorry that it hurt the United States.
I did not truly appreciate the broader effects of my actions. Those effects are clearer to me now through both self-reflection during my confinement in its various forms and through the merits and sentencing testimony that I have seen here. I look back at my decisions and wonder, 'How on earth could I, a junior analyst, possibly believe I could change the world for the better over the decisions of those with the proper authority?'
In the military, we have rules and regulations and structures designed to safeguard sensitive information, whether it be classified or unclassified; and I circumvented those … I'm not the right pay-grade to make these decisions or anything.
In retrospect, I should have worked more aggressively inside the system as we discussed during the Providence Statement and had options and I should have used these options.
full in-depth analysis
of the apology and how it compares and contrasts to
Mr. Manning's February admission of guilt on certain charges
under his plea deal.
Bradley Manning pled guilty to lesser versions of 10 of the 22 charges. On Wednesday he was sentenced to 35 years in prison -- 31 and 1/2 years with time served. [Image Source: AP]
the apology was coerced, but there does appear to be a great deal of truth in the statement. Mr. Manning was demoted before he leaked much of the information. He was bullied over his sexuality and harassed by fellow soldiers before he leaked the information.
IV. Compromise May Well be the Meaning of Justice
There are some who argue Mr. Manning's actions are entirely justified and that he should walk free today and that these tribulations may have played an impact on him making the decision to leak -- whether or not it was the right one. And of course, there are many that believe he acted illegally and that he should be punished to the fullest extent of the law for treason.
PFC Manning was allegedly bullied in the armed forces for his relatively open homosexuality. [Image Source: BradleyManning.org]
Thus whatever your feelings about Mr. Manning remember these facts:
He has been found guilty of lesser charges.
He has been found innocent of the biggest charge, aiding the enemy
He has been sentenced to prison.
He has only been sentenced to 35 years, out of a possible 136 years and may see release within 6 and 1/2 years.
His actions were in part motivated by harassment and personal problems, according to his own statements.
His actions were also in part motivated out of [his perceived] desire to do good.
Arguably the sentencing and the motivations illustrate a similar dichotomy. So consider this: although the sentence is unlikely to satisfy his passionate support nor his passionate critics, the sentence may well be the very embodiment of justice -- compromise.
AP via WRAL
Manning Apology via The Guadian
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
RE: What Manning did was wrong ...
8/23/2013 4:30:21 AM
The war in Iraq was lost – it was lost in the first 18 months after the invasion - perhaps it could have been won with a different model of execution. Fact is the US was considered favorably when it invaded Iraq by the vast majority of Iraqis. Whether Afghanistan as a country could have turned out better I don’t know, but before the war they hated the Russians. Now they hate everyone from the western world. Obviously there was a need to stop Osama but that need not make the majority hate us.
Again, it is not enough to say that these things happen. If they happen when the military is used (and I am not convinced that it needs to be the case – take a look at the British), then that should be considered in the planning. Which means that sometimes the right approach is to take more casualties in the short run (because it means fewer in the long run), and sometimes the right approach is something less visible (perhaps something like drones).
The governments of the Middle East have never been a threat to the western world (at least if your definition excludes Israel). If you consider terrorists from the Middle East a threat, then the current turmoil only increases that risk. Terrorist thrives in unstable countries. Obviously if you look at the number of deaths caused by terrorists then they a more of a nuisance (fever deaths than by airline crashes if looked at over any 10 year period) and puts the godzillions of dollars spend and lost liberties fighting terror into perspective. While that is probably not a good way of looking at it, it means that all-out war need not be the only response.
"What would I do? I'd shut it down and give the money back to the shareholders." -- Michael Dell, after being asked what to do with Apple Computer in 1997
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