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Mr. Manning -- now the second highest profile leaker -- received a relatively lenient sentence

(Former) U.S. Private First Class Bradley Manning was sentenced on Wednesday to 35 years in prison and dishonorably discharged after being found guilty of charges relating to the leaking of numerous classified government documents to the site Wikileaks and its founder, Julian Assange.

I. The Sentence

Prior to the sentencing hearing, Judge Col. Denise Lind delivered a key win for the prosecution agreeing to merge certain offenses, such that the maximum consecutive sentence Mr. Manning faced was 90 years in prison, rather than the 136 years he initially faced following the guilt determination phase.  In that phase, Mr. Manning notably was found not guilty of aiding the enemy, an accusation that could have carried a death sentence.

At the sentencing hearing prosecutors wanted at least 60 years, while his defense wanted twenty years -- or roughly two-and-a-half times the length of the most severe (10-year individual sentence) offenses he was convicted of.  

Leak -- blood
Mr. Manning escaped a potential death sentence in the guilt ruling and escaped life in prison in the sentencing ruling.

Predictably, Judge Lind decided somewhere in the middle, leaving both sides somewhat dissatisfied.

She ruled that the 3 and 1/2 effective "years" Mr. Manning had already served since his 2010 arrest (a total inflated by time in solitary confinement) would count towards the 35-year sentence.  That leaves Mr. Manning with only 31 and 1/2 years left in the sentence.

II. Release by 2021?

If he does not win an appeal or get parole, he would be 56 years old when he gets out of federal prison.  However, in all likelihood he will get out long before then.

One possibility -- albeit unlikely -- is an appeal or a pardon.  His defense attorney, David Coombs, was not pleased with the verdict and vowed to fight for an even more reduced sentence during the appeals phase.  That phase is automatic (as all such cases receive an appeal) and will be held before the Army Court of Criminal Appeals.  Pretrial hearings for the appeal already started in 2012 pending this year's sentencing outcome; the appeals trial itself will start in June.

Bradley Manning
Bradley Manning, 25, was sentenced this week. [Image Source: AP]

Mr. Coombs told reporters he will seek a presidential pardon, remarking:

Pfc. Manning was one of the brave Americans who was not willing to remain silent.  Instead he decided to provide us with information that he believed would spark reform, would spark debate and he provided us with information that he believed might change the world.  The time to end Brad's suffering is now.  The time for our president to focus on protecting whistleblowers instead of punishing them is now.

Regardless of the merit or villainy of Mr. Manning's actions, there is some truth in his lawyer's statement.  The Obama administration has charged more than twice as many self-proclaimed "whistleblowers" with Espionage Act (18 U.S.C. § 792) offenses as all the previous administrations before him (since the Act was passed in 1917) combined, according to The Guardian.  While some of these individuals are certainly guilty, the sheer number would seemingly suggest that the Obama administration was indeed at times using legal strong-arm tactics to have a "chilling effect" on the reporting of government corruption, a dangerous precedent.

That said, the administration was unequivocal on its view of Mr. Manning.  At a fundraiser in April 2011, Mr. Obama was asked about Mr. Manning.  He commented:

We're a nation of laws.  We don't let individuals make their own decisions about how the laws operate. He broke the law.

It seems unlikely that the President would have changed his mind, so a pardon attempt seems mere showmanship.  A sentence reduction in the appeals phase is also unlikely, although within the realm of possibility.

Much more likely is the possibility of parole.  Mr. Manning's lawyer said that with military court parole rules, if Mr. Manning continues his good behavior as a prisoner, he could be eligible for parole in 6 and 1/2 years.  In that circumstance he could see freedom by the age of 32.

Being granted parole is by no means guaranteed, particularly in controversial high profile cases.  But all in all it seems that Mr. Manning got off relatively light, going from a possible death penalty hearing to 136 years in prison, then next from 136 years in prison to 90 years, then from 90 years to 35 years, and finally from 35 years to potentially 6 and 1/2 years with time served and early release for good behavior factored in.

III. Seemingly Sincere Apology Played a Role in Somewhat Lenient Sentencing

Judge Lind clearly factored Mr. Manning's seemingly sincere apology into that significant reduction.   In a previous hearing last Wednesday Mr. Manning stated:

First, your honor, I want to start off with an apology.  I am sorry. I am sorry that my actions hurt people. I am sorry that it hurt the United States.

I did not truly appreciate the broader effects of my actions. Those effects are clearer to me now through both self-reflection during my confinement in its various forms and through the merits and sentencing testimony that I have seen here. I look back at my decisions and wonder, 'How on earth could I, a junior analyst, possibly believe I could change the world for the better over the decisions of those with the proper authority?'

In the military, we have rules and regulations and structures designed to safeguard sensitive information, whether it be classified or unclassified; and I circumvented those … I'm not the right pay-grade to make these decisions or anything.

In retrospect, I should have worked more aggressively inside the system as we discussed during the Providence Statement and had options and I should have used these options.

The Guardian has a full in-depth analysis of the apology and how it compares and contrasts to Mr. Manning's February admission of guilt on certain charges under his plea deal.

Manning wide
Bradley Manning pled guilty to lesser versions of 10 of the 22 charges.  On Wednesday he was sentenced to 35 years in prison -- 31 and 1/2 years with time served. [Image Source: AP]

Some will argue the apology was coerced, but there does appear to be a great deal of truth in the statement.  Mr. Manning was demoted before he leaked much of the information.  He was bullied over his sexuality and harassed by fellow soldiers before he leaked the information.

IV. Compromise May Well be the Meaning of Justice

There are some who argue Mr. Manning's actions are entirely justified and that he should walk free today and that these tribulations may have played an impact on him making the decision to leak -- whether or not it was the right one. And of course, there are many that believe he acted illegally and that he should be punished to the fullest extent of the law for treason.

Bradley Manning sign
PFC Manning was allegedly bullied in the armed forces for his relatively open homosexuality. [Image Source:]

Thus whatever your feelings about Mr. Manning remember these facts:
  • He has been found guilty of lesser charges.  
  • He has been found innocent of the biggest charge, aiding the enemy
  • He has been sentenced to prison.
  • He has only been sentenced to 35 years, out of a possible 136 years and may see release within 6 and 1/2 years.
  • His actions were in part motivated by harassment and personal problems, according to his own statements.
  • His actions were also in part motivated out of [his perceived] desire to do good.
Arguably the sentencing and the motivations illustrate a similar dichotomy.  So consider this: although the sentence is unlikely to satisfy his passionate support nor his passionate critics, the sentence may well be the very embodiment of justice -- compromise.

Sources: AP via WRAL, NPR, Manning Apology via The Guadian

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RE: questionables
By Reclaimer77 on 8/21/2013 9:46:11 PM , Rating: 1
You're talking about a video that was proven to be altered. Alterations that Bradly Manning actually approved, even though he knew it to be a lie. The entire thing is a fabrication, no innocent people were killed. And "journalists" don't carry around RPG's and AK47's.

Sorry but arbitrarily dumping hundreds of thousands of stolen documents on a known anti-American website, lying about our servicemen and accusing them of murdering "journalists", and trying to remain anonymous the entire time falls woefully short of a "whistleblower".

If his confidant never turned him in, Manning would have done all of the above in anonymity. But you people want to make him seem like he's some heroic person and champion of justice.

RE: questionables
By Samus on 8/22/2013 5:19:26 AM , Rating: 2
You clearly haven't seen the video.

It is not altered and the journalists are not armed with "RPG's and AK47's" it's pretty clear in the video (and the extended footage proved) they are carrying cameras.

RE: questionables
By room200 on 8/22/2013 10:44:32 PM , Rating: 2
Shhhh, don't confuse him with facts; he doesn't know what to do with them.

RE: questionables
By maugrimtr on 8/22/2013 8:50:19 AM , Rating: 2
You're talking about a video that was proven to be altered. Alterations that Bradly Manning actually approved, even though he knew it to be a lie. The entire thing is a fabrication, no innocent people were killed. And "journalists" don't carry around RPG's and AK47's.

Reclaimer, I know you can be extreme, but lying in public? That's an amateur move. It's also pathetic, cowardly, despicable and unbelievably stupid. What's wrong, Reclaimer? Can't you handle the truth? Do you spend your days suspending reality and fabricating a make believe universe for yourself?

If you had an actual intelligence, you'd have seen the video. I really loved the part where they shot up the people who risked their lives trying to help the JOURNALISTS.

Don't mind reality. Killing innocent people is absolutely required for your security. The more the merrier, right?

RE: questionables
By Reclaimer77 on 8/22/2013 2:42:02 PM , Rating: 2
Are we talking about the "Collateral Murder" video that Assange doctored with Mannings help and put on his site?

Sorry but the only lie here is that video. It's a matter of record that he doctored it, it's a fact. If you're too cowardly to look up the facts and put your ideology aside, that's on you.

Hell even Stephen Colbert called out the video for being an doctored up editorial and not real reporting.

RE: questionables
By room200 on 8/22/2013 10:51:36 PM , Rating: 2
You already know that site does not host the original un-doctored video. THAT site you referenced is nothing but a government propaganda site (which shocks me coming from YOU).

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