Doctors Save Baby's Life With Temporary 3D-Printed Bronchus
May 24, 2013 11:49 AM
comment(s) - last by
Printed tissue will be repopulated with healthy tissue, will dissolve within two to three years
Amidst the controversy over
, it's important to remember that the potential of the former device goes
far beyond making weapons
I. Baby Blues
That's the story of a baby Kaiba, who suffered from a rare disease called tracheobronchomalacia. Often misdiagnosed as asthma, the disease in some cases isn't as severe, outgrown by age 2 or 3. But in Kaiba's case the disease was more severe; while 1 in 2,200 babies (appr.) have the lesser form, only around 1 in 20,000 have the more serious version he had.
Kaiba's parents April and Bryan first detected the condition when he was six-weeks old. They were enjoying a meal at a restaurant when their watchful eyes noticed their child was struggling to breathe and turning blue. They rushed him to a hospital.
For the next several weeks baby Kaiba continued to stop breathing and turn blue requiring resuscitation. With his bronchus -- part of
the lung's air-tubing system
-- collapsing regularly, his chances looked bleak. Recalls April, "Quite a few doctors said he had a good chance of not leaving the hospital alive. At that point, we were desperate. Anything that would work, we would take it and run with it."
The Ohio family took their baby to the
University of Michigan
Mott Children’s Hospital
to explore an advanced treatment option.
Mott's Children Hospital, Ann Arbor, Mich.
, M.D., an associate professor of
pediatric otolaryngology at the school
, who helped treat him. He comments, "Severe tracheobronchomalacia has been a condition that has bothered me for years. I've seen children die from it. Even with the best treatments available, he continued to have these episodes. He was imminently going to die. The physician treating him in Ohio knew there was no other option, other than our device in development here."
II. Printing a New Bronchus
The "device" in question was a 3D-printed organ formed from a biocompatible polymer known as polycaprolactone (PCL). PCL is growing in popularity in tissue engineering studies as it is generally gentle on the body and dissolves within two to three years -- providing structural support while the body recolonizes a damaged tissue.
Polycaprolactone is produced from caprolactone, a cyclic compound found in heated milk fat.
[Image Source: Wikimedia Commons]
, Ph.D., professor of
and mechanical engineering and associate professor of surgery at U-M comments, "The material we used is a nice choice for this. It takes about two to three years for the trachea to remodel and grow into a healthy state, and that's about how long this material will take to dissolve into the body."
Normally implanting a PCL 3D-printed organ in the U.S. would be illegal -- even if it had the potential to save a life -- due to the convoluted mess of bureaucracy and red tape that is the
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
. But Kaiba's parents took their child to the right place; U-of-M had close relationships with federal regulators, which allowed them to obtain an emergency exemption to test a bronchus implant on Kaiba.
The printed 3D bronchus implant [Image Source: U-of-M]
The implant was a resounding success. Fashioned from CT scans of the baby's own bronchus and sculpted by lasers in the 3D printer, the new tissue was sewn into place without complications. Recalls Dr. Green, "It was amazing. As soon as the splint was put in, the lungs started going up and down for the first time and we knew he was going to be OK."
Within 21 days the youngster was off ventilation and breathing in sweet air thanks to his groundbreaking new implant. He's had no breathing problems since, and is expected to grow a healthy bronchus, making a transition into healthy adolescence.
III. PCL Promising for Other Tissue Replacements
The case was so astounding that the doctors
[PDF] a peer-reviewed article on it in the top medical journal
New England Journal of Medicine
. Dr. Hollister
, "Kaiba's case is definitely the highlight of my career so far. To actually build something that a surgeon can use to save a person's life? It's a tremendous feeling."
Drs. Green and Hollister are racing to apply 3D printed PCL structures to other forms of soft-tissue recovery including ear and nose structures, which are in preclinical model trials. They also are examining using the biopolymer
in bone structures
(spine, craniofacial and long bone).
PCL is being explored to replace other soft tissues like nose cartilage.
[Image Source: MakeCoconut]
And interesting side note -- in a way this is a case of "patient heal thyself". The monomer precursor to PCL (polycaprolactone) is founded in heated mammalian milk fat and is polymerized via a ring opening process. Hence a product of a biochemical found in humans and other mammals is now being applied via advanced technology to saving human life.
U of M 
New England Journal of Medicine
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
5/29/2013 10:57:21 AM
If you think Bernard`s story is impressive..., three weeks ago father in-law also made $5159 just sitting there eleven hours a week from there house and there buddy's sister-in-law`s neighbour has done this for three months and got paid more than $5159 part time on line. the guidelines on this web-site... kep2.comCHECK IT OUT
"If you mod me down, I will become more insightful than you can possibly imagine." -- Slashdot
NASA Awards $125,000 Grant for 3D Printed Food on Long-Term Space Travels
May 21, 2013, 1:32 PM
Obama Administration Looks to Kill "The Liberator" 3D Printed Gun
May 10, 2013, 1:48 PM
Injured Man has 75 Percent of His Skull Replaced by Printed Plastic
March 8, 2013, 1:00 PM
Human Embryonic Stem Cells Created with 3D Printing
February 6, 2013, 2:05 PM
Cell-depleted Lung Tissue a Matrix for New Rat Lung Using Stem Cells
August 20, 2010, 2:41 PM
Star Wars Spinoff Film "Rogue One", Theme Park Attractions Announced
August 17, 2015, 12:20 PM
SpaceX Falcon 9's Seventh Supply Mission to ISS Ends w/ Fiery Stage 1 Explosion
June 28, 2015, 1:10 PM
Cool Science Video: Glowing Millipede Prowls the Nevada Desert
May 18, 2015, 12:00 PM
Newly Discovered Costa Rican Glass Frog is Kermit's Doppelgänger
April 22, 2015, 11:26 AM
Researchers Hope to Find "Exotic" Lifeforms Inside Crater of Dinosaur Killing Meteor
April 14, 2015, 8:47 PM
Mathematician's Sociological Formulation May Explain the "Hipster Paradox"
April 14, 2015, 1:13 PM
Most Popular Articles
Microsoft's Windows 10 Leaves Lumia 530 Behind w/ 8 GB Storage Requirement
August 25, 2015, 4:02 PM
Kentucky Man Faces up to 10 Years in Prison for Shooting Drone Trespasser
August 13, 2015, 2:58 PM
Future of Lumia Uncertain as Microsoft Lays Off 2,300, Closes 1 of 3 Finnish Offices
August 24, 2015, 6:14 PM
Aluminum 7003, Used in Roofing, May be Tapped by Apple for iPhone 6S/6S+
August 24, 2015, 4:45 PM
Best Buy Rapidly Ramps up Apple Watch Rollout After "Strong" Early Sales
August 26, 2015, 11:42 AM
Latest Blog Posts
Sceptre Airs 27", 120 Hz. 1080p Monitor/HDTV w/ 5 ms Response Time for $220
Dec 3, 2014, 10:32 PM
Costco Gives Employees Thanksgiving Off; Wal-Mart Leads "Black Thursday" Charge
Oct 29, 2014, 9:57 PM
"Bear Selfies" Fad Could Turn Deadly, Warn Nevada Wildlife Officials
Oct 28, 2014, 12:00 PM
The Surface Mini That Was Never Released Gets "Hands On" Treatment
Sep 26, 2014, 8:22 AM
ISIS Imposes Ban on Teaching Evolution in Iraq
Sep 17, 2014, 5:22 PM
More Blog Posts
Copyright 2015 DailyTech LLC. -
Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information