Ford Expects Four-Cylinder Engines to Significantly Increase in Popularity
May 21, 2013 8:56 AM
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Ford says 66% of new cars we use four-cylinder engines by 2020
With the looming CAFE fuel economy standards, just about every automaker out there is pushing hard to migrate from larger displacement engines to engines with a
, typically using a turbocharger to get the same sort of power output. The benefit of this is that it allows drivers to have the same performance with improved fuel economy.
One of the most successful automakers at making this transition away from higher displacement engines has been Ford with its line of EcoBoost power plants.
reports that Ford is projecting an increase in sales for vehicles using four-cylinder engines and that by 2020 66% of all new vehicles will use smaller displacement four-cylinder engines.
"I think it's maybe a stretch. But I don't find it implausible," said Bill Visnic, senior editor at the car research site Edmunds.com, in a telephone interview. "If you look at where things have been going segment by segment, except pickups, you could say that's been the trend."
In 2008, only 40% of new vehicles sold used four-cylinder engines compared to 53% today. Currently, the majority of small and medium-size cars on the automotive market come standard with a four-cylinder engine. Most compact SUVs also come standard with four-cylinder engine. Full-size pickups and full-size SUVs currently come with six and eight-cylinder engine options. In 2012, sales of pickup trucks accounted for 13% of all new market sales.
Mike Osmotoso of LMC Automotive notes that to achieve that 66% goal, "[Ford would be] expecting pickups and full-size SUVs to virtually disappear."
Considering that the Ford F-150 is the automaker's best-selling vehicle, the more likely scenario would have
entry-level trucks using EcoBoost four-cylinder engines
producing the same power output as current base level V-6 engines.
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RE: "Disappearing" Trucks
5/21/2013 1:04:23 PM
Not true, V4/I4/F4 are just configurations.
The V configuration
generally reduces the overall engine length, height and weight compared to an equivalent inline configuration.
The V4 engine has not been widely used in cars, with Lancia, Ford and ZAZ the only companies to manufacture such an engine.
The inline-four layout
is in perfect primary balance and confers a degree of mechanical simplicity which makes it popular for economy cars. However, despite its simplicity, it suffers from a secondary imbalance which causes minor vibrations in smaller engines. It does not work well for more than 5 cylinders because placing 6 or more cylinders in a line cause space conflicts.
F costs more but the configuration
results in inherently good balance of the reciprocating parts, a low centre of gravity, and a very short engine length
there's also H, U, X and W engine layouts.
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