CERN Celebrates WorldwideWeb's (WWW) Twentieth Birthday
April 30, 2013 12:56 PM
comment(s) - last by
(Source: Know Your Meme)
Two-decades ago WWW replaced Gopher and other more rudimentary protocols
Even as the
European Organization for Nuclear Research
(CERN) is plotting
a faster next generation internet
, it is celebrating the past with
a new post
on the WorldWideWeb protocol, whose source code and software it launched royalty free twenty years ago to the public.
While many people
think Al Gore "invented"
the WorldWideWeb (due to his push for funding it in Congress), that distinction arguably goes to CERN and British physicist Sir Tim Berners-Lee.
Development on the WorldWideWeb (www) and its backing hypertext protocol (which created a "web" of links) began in 1989 under the leadership of Professor Berners-Lee. At the time some hypertext protocols existed, but many were proprietary; thus other protocols like WAIS and Gopher were more commonly used to retrieve information in packets over networked computers.
Professor Berners-Lee hosted the worldwide web's first site himself on a NeXT computer (from Steve Jobs' short-lived startup). The NeXT machine cost a whopping $6,500 at the time and came in a stylish cubic form factor. Using the machine's advance capabilities, Professor Berners-Lee demoed how to run a www-based webserver, wrote a primitive browser for the protocol, and made a website showing its capabilities. The website today
has been revived
by CERN to celebrate the landmark of WWW's royalty-free publication.
Prof. Berners-Lee poses in 1994 with his NeXT computer. [Image Source: CERN]
The NeXT browser software was then ported to a crude command-line style browser. This browser worked on top of the email protocol. You would email CERN with the URL -- the web address -- of the www-protocl page, and CERN would reply with a message with the page's context, that the command-line program would parse as text. There were no graphics at first.
Early software for WWW under development on Prof. Berners-Lee's NeXT PC.
[Image Source: CERN]
Soon rich-media browsers like Microsoft Corp.'s (
) Internet Explorer and the
now-defunct Netscape Navigator
popped up. From there we were off to the races -- internet useage and website grew like a wildfire, transforming our day-to-day life.
In late 1993, there were around 500 web servers using WWW, which accounted for roughly 1 percent of web traffic. Today there are 630 million sites that use the protocol
Describes Rolf Heuer, CERN Director-General, "There is no sector of society that has not been transformed by the invention, in a physics laboratory, of the web. From research to business and education, the web has been reshaping the way we communicate, work, innovate and live. The web is a powerful example of the way that basic research benefits humankind."
So congratulations, CERN, and happy birthday WorldWideWeb. Sure CERN's
mankind's most expensive and complex piece of machinery
-- the LHC particle collider -- are impressive. But from creeping sloths to flying toaster cats, the internet is arguably a far greater triumph for the creativity of mankind. Now back to viewing GIFs, readers.
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
RE: The World Wide Web is NOT the Internet. Two different things.
5/1/2013 6:22:24 PM
Did you just suggest that Ford invented the automobile?
Because that would be a failing in your elementary knowledge...
"So if you want to save the planet, feel free to drive your Hummer. Just avoid the drive thru line at McDonalds." -- Michael Asher
CERN: LHC Data Confirms Particle is "God Particle", But the Devil is in the Details
March 14, 2013, 1:40 PM
CERN Develops Possible Internet Replacement, Unfathomably Faster
April 7, 2008, 12:15 PM
Netscape Can't Escape AOL Chopping Block
December 31, 2007, 2:51 PM
Al Gore Announced Corecipient of Nobel Peace Prize
October 12, 2007, 10:11 AM
NSA Spying Won't Impact Huawei's Growth
April 23, 2014, 8:24 PM
Amazon, HBO Team up to Bring HBO Content to Prime Members
April 23, 2014, 11:36 AM
U.S. Wants to Reduce Tension Over Internet Net Neutrality
April 22, 2014, 2:07 PM
AT&T Announces Plans to Expand Ultra-Fast Fiber Internet Network to 100 Cities
April 22, 2014, 9:36 AM
AT&T Takes First Steps in Launching Its Own Online Video Service
April 22, 2014, 9:25 AM
Netflix Opposes Comcast/Time Warner Deal, Says It's Anti-Competitive
April 22, 2014, 8:52 AM
Most Popular Articles
A Bug's Life: Female Cave Bugs Have Penises, Penetrate Males for Three Days
April 17, 2014, 7:20 PM
HTC Hires Former Samsung Marketing Chief Who Developed "Galaxy" Brand
April 18, 2014, 6:00 PM
NASA Finds "Habitable Zone" Planet Sized Similar to Earth
April 18, 2014, 3:13 PM
Mounties Arrest 19-Year-Old Who Delayed Canada's Tax Filing w/ Heartbleed
April 17, 2014, 3:24 PM
Thanks to Government Crackdown, Chinese "Porn Cop" Has Watched 600K Adult Videos
April 21, 2014, 12:00 PM
Latest Blog Posts
Facebook Aims to Provide Internet to "Every Person in the World" with Drones, Satellites
Apr 1, 2014, 10:20 AM
Retail Mobile Sites Experience Outages in Light of Simplexity's Bankruptcy
Mar 14, 2014, 8:48 AM
Tesla vs. BMW: Who Has the Safer EV?
Feb 1, 2014, 2:56 PM
Justice Leaks Details of Next HTC One Two Flagship Phone
Dec 5, 2013, 4:04 PM
Global Cyber Espionage Concerns Reveal Growing Cyber Armies
Nov 29, 2013, 11:04 AM
More Blog Posts
Copyright 2014 DailyTech LLC. -
Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information