CERN Celebrates WorldwideWeb's (WWW) Twentieth Birthday
April 30, 2013 12:56 PM
comment(s) - last by
(Source: Know Your Meme)
Two-decades ago WWW replaced Gopher and other more rudimentary protocols
Even as the
European Organization for Nuclear Research
(CERN) is plotting
a faster next generation internet
, it is celebrating the past with
a new post
on the WorldWideWeb protocol, whose source code and software it launched royalty free twenty years ago to the public.
While many people
think Al Gore "invented"
the WorldWideWeb (due to his push for funding it in Congress), that distinction arguably goes to CERN and British physicist Sir Tim Berners-Lee.
Development on the WorldWideWeb (www) and its backing hypertext protocol (which created a "web" of links) began in 1989 under the leadership of Professor Berners-Lee. At the time some hypertext protocols existed, but many were proprietary; thus other protocols like WAIS and Gopher were more commonly used to retrieve information in packets over networked computers.
Professor Berners-Lee hosted the worldwide web's first site himself on a NeXT computer (from Steve Jobs' short-lived startup). The NeXT machine cost a whopping $6,500 at the time and came in a stylish cubic form factor. Using the machine's advance capabilities, Professor Berners-Lee demoed how to run a www-based webserver, wrote a primitive browser for the protocol, and made a website showing its capabilities. The website today
has been revived
by CERN to celebrate the landmark of WWW's royalty-free publication.
Prof. Berners-Lee poses in 1994 with his NeXT computer. [Image Source: CERN]
The NeXT browser software was then ported to a crude command-line style browser. This browser worked on top of the email protocol. You would email CERN with the URL -- the web address -- of the www-protocl page, and CERN would reply with a message with the page's context, that the command-line program would parse as text. There were no graphics at first.
Early software for WWW under development on Prof. Berners-Lee's NeXT PC.
[Image Source: CERN]
Soon rich-media browsers like Microsoft Corp.'s (
) Internet Explorer and the
now-defunct Netscape Navigator
popped up. From there we were off to the races -- internet useage and website grew like a wildfire, transforming our day-to-day life.
In late 1993, there were around 500 web servers using WWW, which accounted for roughly 1 percent of web traffic. Today there are 630 million sites that use the protocol
Describes Rolf Heuer, CERN Director-General, "There is no sector of society that has not been transformed by the invention, in a physics laboratory, of the web. From research to business and education, the web has been reshaping the way we communicate, work, innovate and live. The web is a powerful example of the way that basic research benefits humankind."
So congratulations, CERN, and happy birthday WorldWideWeb. Sure CERN's
mankind's most expensive and complex piece of machinery
-- the LHC particle collider -- are impressive. But from creeping sloths to flying toaster cats, the internet is arguably a far greater triumph for the creativity of mankind. Now back to viewing GIFs, readers.
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
RE: The World Wide Web is NOT the Internet. Two different things.
5/1/2013 10:27:34 AM
Jason I think I understand your thought and reasoning. It sounds like you are saying that times have changed and thus the meaning turns grey instead of black and white. It would be kind of like saying "Can you pass me that cook book" and someone gives you an iPad with a book displayed. Technically it's not a cook book but yes it is.
I also see why the others are trying to argue the details that the Internet and WWW are two completely different things.
I won't join in the battle because I really don't care enough lol, but I will post this link directly from W3.
"Google fired a shot heard 'round the world, and now a second American company has answered the call to defend the rights of the Chinese people." -- Rep. Christopher H. Smith (R-N.J.)
CERN: LHC Data Confirms Particle is "God Particle", But the Devil is in the Details
March 14, 2013, 1:40 PM
CERN Develops Possible Internet Replacement, Unfathomably Faster
April 7, 2008, 12:15 PM
Netscape Can't Escape AOL Chopping Block
December 31, 2007, 2:51 PM
Al Gore Announced Corecipient of Nobel Peace Prize
October 12, 2007, 10:11 AM
Twitter Senior VP: "Diversity is Important, But We Can’t Lower the Bar"
November 9, 2015, 9:59 AM
CNN Resorts to Internet Censorship to Promote Clinton Over Senator Sanders
October 15, 2015, 2:47 PM
Breaking Bad: How to Crash Google's Chrome Browser With Just 8 Characters
September 23, 2015, 11:08 AM
Quick Note: Amazon UK Offers £10 Back on Any Order £50 or Over
August 3, 2015, 12:05 PM
Editorial: Reddit Allows Itself to be Hijacked as a Hate Platform For Racist Bigots
July 21, 2015, 6:32 PM
Mozilla and Facebook to Adobe: It's Time to Kill Flash
July 20, 2015, 6:30 PM
Latest Blog Posts
Sceptre Airs 27", 120 Hz. 1080p Monitor/HDTV w/ 5 ms Response Time for $220
Dec 3, 2014, 10:32 PM
Costco Gives Employees Thanksgiving Off; Wal-Mart Leads "Black Thursday" Charge
Oct 29, 2014, 9:57 PM
"Bear Selfies" Fad Could Turn Deadly, Warn Nevada Wildlife Officials
Oct 28, 2014, 12:00 PM
The Surface Mini That Was Never Released Gets "Hands On" Treatment
Sep 26, 2014, 8:22 AM
ISIS Imposes Ban on Teaching Evolution in Iraq
Sep 17, 2014, 5:22 PM
More Blog Posts
Copyright 2016 DailyTech LLC. -
Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information