Sources: CERN , 
quote: This is a poorly informed article.
quote: At the time some hypertext protocols existed, but many were proprietary; thus other protocols like WAIS and Gopher were more commonly used to retrieve information in packets over networked computers.
quote: While many people think Al Gore "invented" the internet (due to his push to fund it in Congress), that distinction arguably goes to CERN and British physicist Sir Tim Berners-Lee.
quote: The browser was invented in Illinois at NCSA as a HFS file viewer 4 years later, but NNTP was intermachine and predated Berners-Lee by 3 years. There were MANY heavy users, but combining documents (Berners), news (NNTP), data and viz (Mosaic) is the basis for the www.