Federal Appeals Court Blocks EPA's Cellulosic Ethanol Target
January 29, 2013 3:33 PM
Court argues that goal is simply too unrealistic
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) has pushed aggressively in recent years to promote advanced fuels such as recycled waste oil (biodiesel) and cellulosic ethanol. It also has pushed unpopular corn ethanol,
a food-crop based biofuel
, on the consumer market.
I. EPA Mandate Dealt a Blow
The EPA's weapon to push fuels is its ability to set blending targets that fuel distributors have to meet or risk fines. In recent months the EPA has been under fire for its
efforts to enforce an E-15
(15 percent corn ethanol) blending target. However, in U.S. Appeals Court of the D.C. Circuit, it was the other half of its initiatives -- the advanced biofuels blending targets -- that were on the chopping block.
The Appeals Court ruled this week that the EPA's blending targets for a particular type of advanced biofuel --
-- were simply infeasible. The EPA had demanded that between 2010 and 2012,
20 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol
be produced. But to date almost no cellulosic ethanol has been blended into commercial fuel, and cellulosic ethanol startups have been unable to provide significant stock to blenders.
The EPA claims it has the authority to enforce blends based on the
2007 Energy Act
passed under the Bush Administration, which promoted biofuels (and corn ethanol) growth.
But the Appeals court
[PDF] that argument calling the decision to enforce targets on refiners -- customers of the fuel producers -- rather than the producers themselves as a bizarre and unprecedented government effort.
A Federal Appeals Court has banned the EPA from enforcing cellulosic ethanol blending targets.
[Image Source: Free Enterprise]
The three-judge panel writes, "We are not convinced that Congress meant for E.P.A. to let that intent color its work as a predictor, to let the wish be father to the thought. ...Apart from their role as captive consumers, the refiners are in no position to ensure, or even contribute to, growth in the cellulosic biofuel industry ... [The EPA's message was essentially], 'Do a good job, cellulosic fuel producers. If you fail, we’ll fine your customers.'"
A key fuel industry figure,
American Petroleum Institute
’s director for downstream and industry operations, cheered the ruling, telling
The New York Times
, "There is no onus or accountability on the person who is producing the fuel. They’re incentivized to pump up their projections via press release, and make rosy estimates because there’s no skin off their back if they fail to hit those."
II. Cellulosic Ethanol Damaged, But Not Dead, Other Biofuels Remain Intact
But the court stopped short of handing the refiners (blenders) a total victory. It still left targets regarding biodiesel from fat, waste oil, soybean oil, or other sources intact. It also left targets for sugarcane ethanol -- regarded as another "advanced" biofuel -- intact.
Renewable Fuel Association
(RFA), while disappointed about the cellulosic ethanol rejection, praised the court for not adopting a broader rollback, while defending the EPA's estimates. The RFA
, "The EPA did not determine a reasonably achievable volume and then inflate it. Rather, it set the volume based on the best information available to it at the time."
Cellulosic ethanol remains an interesting idea. Unlike food crop ethanol, it doesn't put pressure on food prices. It in theory would
bolster U.S. energy security
, while minimizing the importance of oil producing states, many of which are hostile to the U.S. And by repurposing carbon-containing waste instead of burning fossil fuels, cellulosic ethanol would cut carbon emissions (versus corn-ethanol which has been
shown to increase net carbon emissions
, compared to petroleum).
Cellulose forms the "woody" component in most plant leaves and stems. It is harder to break down than "sugarier" plant carbohydrates. [Image Source: CUNY]
Two cellulosic ethanol startups -- Inios Bio and KiOR -- claim to be "near" commercial production, after tens of millions in startup capital. But neither company has a working commercial scale plant yet.
Other cellulosic ethanol companies --
such as Coskata
, which General Motors Comp. (
) backed pre-bankruptcy -- are still floating around,
showcasing "semi-commercial" scale
plants. But compared to the ambitious claims of a few years back, it would certainly seem such firms have lost a degree of their momentum.
Federal Appeals Court
Renewable Fuels Association [reaction]
The New York Times
"Nowadays, security guys break the Mac every single day. Every single day, they come out with a total exploit, your machine can be taken over totally. I dare anybody to do that once a month on the Windows machine." -- Bill Gates
EPA Clears the Way for E15 Fuel at Local Gas Stations
June 19, 2012, 9:34 AM
EPA Silently Continues Support for Corn Ethanol, Bumping Target for 2012
December 30, 2011, 1:56 PM
EPA Drastically Cuts Cellulosic Ethanol Requirement in Fuel for 2012
June 22, 2011, 11:50 AM
FedEx CEO: "Addiction" to Foreign Oil is Costing the Economy, American Lives
May 20, 2011, 8:37 AM
Study: Corn Ethanol Increases Global Warming, Grass Ethanol Fights It
December 8, 2008, 8:45 AM
Debuted at CES 2017 - Corning Gorilla Glass Concept Car
January 7, 2017, 3:02 AM
Happy, healthy and feastive New Year to you and everyone in the world that about to celebrate the Season Holidays
January 1, 2017, 12:01 AM
In 2017, Here are the New Autos of 2018
December 30, 2016, 5:00 AM
What Happens When You Put a Blind Man in a Driverless Car?
December 14, 2016, 5:00 AM
Would You Like to Build Your Own BMW?
December 12, 2016, 5:00 AM
Jaguar I-PACE – Jaguar’s New Electric Concept / New SUV
November 16, 2016, 5:00 AM
Most Popular Articles
Kobo Aura One Vs Kindle Paperwhite
January 10, 2017, 1:21 AM
New at CES 2017 - Changhong 8K Super Slim TV 65ZHQ3R
January 8, 2017, 1:07 AM
OPPO R9 – The Smartphone with Excellent Camera and Long Battery Life
January 12, 2017, 12:01 AM
Are you in the market for a private antenna?
January 11, 2017, 12:01 AM
Comparison: Xiaomi Mi Mix Vs. HTC U Ultra
January 14, 2017, 12:10 AM
Latest Blog Posts
Jan 17, 2017, 12:16 AM
News of the Day
Jan 16, 2017, 12:10 PM
News and Technology Advancement
Jan 16, 2017, 7:58 AM
Jan 15, 2017, 12:32 AM
Here is Some News
Jan 14, 2017, 12:39 AM
News: Improved and New products
Jan 13, 2017, 12:01 AM
News around the world
Jan 12, 2017, 12:01 AM
Rumors and Announcements
Jan 11, 2017, 12:01 AM
This year CES and ridiculous gadgets
Jan 10, 2017, 12:01 AM
Nokia Android phone spurns the west.
Jan 9, 2017, 12:08 AM
New at CES 2017 - Changhong 8K Super Slim TV 65ZHQ3R
Jan 8, 2017, 1:07 AM
Debuted at CES 2017 - Vuzix Blade 3000 Smart Sunglasses
Jan 8, 2017, 12:39 AM
Some news of Day
Jan 7, 2017, 12:01 AM
News 2017 CES
Jan 6, 2017, 12:01 AM
Here is the Latest News in Tech
Jan 5, 2017, 1:47 AM
AI Beats World’s Best at Chinese board game “Go”
Jan 4, 2017, 11:21 AM
Las Vegas 2017 CES
Jan 3, 2017, 12:01 AM
News of Jan 2nd 2017
Jan 2, 2017, 4:40 AM
Wishing you all, the New Year brings the light of hope, joy, success, and Happy, Happy New Year.
Jan 1, 2017, 1:48 AM
More Blog Posts
Copyright 2017 DailyTech LLC. -
Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information