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Ford C-MAX
Ford sued over hybrid vehicle efficiency claims

Ford is defending itself against a class-action lawsuit brought against it by McCuneWright, a law firm based in California, alleging false and misleading marketing campaigns for the 2013 C-MAX and Fusion hybrid vehicles. The law firm alleges fraud and negligent misrepresentation by Ford and filed the suit in US District Court Eastern District of California.

The lawsuit is seeking punitive damages including the reimbursement for the purchase price of new Ford hybrid vehicles. The main plaintiff in the suit is Richard Pitkin from Roseville, California. Pitkin purchased a C-Max Hybrid vehicle in October and alleges that he has only averaged 37 mpg during that time. That mileage is significantly lower than the EPA rating of 47 mpg.

"In its advertising and marketing campaign for the vehicles, Ford claimed that the C-Max Hybrid and Fusion Hybrid achieved a class leading 47 Miles Per Gallon," part of the 17-page suit read. "These materials helped Ford achieve record sales for the first two months of C-MAX Hybrid sales, outselling its rival, hybrid sales leader Toyota, but there was a problem. These ads were false."
The Ford C-MAX and Fusion Hybrid, like many vehicles, are essentially built to “ace the EPA test”, so it can be very difficult for drivers to achieve the rated fuel economy numbers in the real world. For example, the highway portion of the EPA test stipulates that a vehicle should be able accelerate to a maximum highway cruising speed of 60 mph. Ford hybrids can operate at up to 62 mph on battery alone power if driven in the exact same manner as prescribed by the EPA. Once a driver crosses the 62 mph mark, however, the gasoline engine springs to life and the fuel economy drops.
Most major U.S. highways have speed limits of 65 mph or higher, and even if the speed limit is a more “hybrid friendly” 55 mph, most people likely cruise at 60 mph or higher. And one also has to remember that no hybrid can travel on battery power alone, indefinitely – the gasoline engine will eventually kick in to maintain cruising speed.

Ford Fusion Hybrid

Consumer Reports reviewed the C-MAX earlier this month and found it obtained 37 mpg overall with 35 mpg in the city and 38 mpg on the highway. Similar findings with the Fusion Hybrid found that the vehicle achieve 39 mpg in testing overall.
Fuelly, a website that tracks fuel economy readings from everyday drivers, mirrors Consumer Reports’ findings and shows that 51 drivers are averaging just 39 mpg in the C-MAX. The Prius v, the main competitor to the C-MAX, is showing an average of 42.1 mpg from 219 drivers versus an EPA combined rating of 42 mpg.
Ford isn't the only automaker to find its fuel efficiency claims disputed in court. Hyundai was caught inflating fuel efficiency estimates and was forced to create new window stickers for the vehicle fleet reflecting more realistic efficiency claims.

Source: Detroit News

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RE: Ford's Fault?
By Brandon Hill on 12/27/2012 11:27:57 AM , Rating: 2
You hit the nail on the head. I was going to post basically what you did, but you stated it perfectly.

The C-MAX/Fusion are optimized for the EPA test.
The Camry/Prius/Prius v seem to be optimized for real-world driving while staying within the confines of the EPA test.

The biggest difference, as you stated, is that the Toyota hybrids have a lower electric top speed which means that their highway numbers are going to be more realistic as the gasoline engine is running.

The thing that doesn't make sense to me, however, is how the Ford hybrids fail so badly in city driving as well. That should be easy to ace.

RE: Ford's Fault?
By RufusM on 12/27/2012 11:51:02 AM , Rating: 4
The thing is, the EPA creates an incentive to optimize for the test is you cannot optimize for real-world AND the EPA test.

In school there are times you knew, generally, what was going to be on the test. Did you study everything or just those things needed to pass the test?

Incentives matter and the EPA knows it. If the EPA test was performed accurately, I don't see how Ford could lose this. If Ford is hiding something in the EPA tests then they need to be penalized for it.

RE: Ford's Fault?
By Spuke on 12/27/2012 11:58:37 AM , Rating: 1
The thing that doesn't make sense to me, however, is how the Ford hybrids fail so badly in city driving as well. That should be easy to ace.
Except the EPA does the testing, not Ford. If Ford scores high on the tests then how is this Ford's fault? If the tests don't match real world then the EPA should be sued not Ford. Bottom line is WE depend on the EPA rating, which is supposed to be somewhat accurate and unbiased, to help us make informed decisions. Every automaker uses the letters E-P-A in their advertising literature. IMO, automakers should stop advertising and using EPA figures and develop their own standard and use and advertise that.

RE: Ford's Fault?
By Brandon Hill on 12/27/2012 12:02:38 PM , Rating: 3
The EPA doesn't do the testing. The manufacturers do the testing and submit the results to the EPA.

The EPA only "spot checks' 15% of new vehicles sold. It doesn't have the resources to test every single vehicle available on the market.

RE: Ford's Fault?
By Nutzo on 12/27/2012 12:08:09 PM , Rating: 2
Most cars are NEVER tested by the EPA. The car manufacture runs the test themselves, using the EPA criteria. This is why Kia got away with lying about thier milage for the past few years. The EPA only test a few random cars, and sometimes cars that show a problem with not meeting the EPA numbers (again like Kia). I'm sure they will test the C-Max or Fusion to see if Ford is reporting the correct EPA numbers.
If the EPA gets the same numbers (or close to) as Ford did during the test, the the lawsuit should be tossed. However, if the EPA numbr are alot lower then Ford's numbers, then that proves Ford did something to manipulate the numbers (like starting with a fully charged battery), and they will lose.

RE: Ford's Fault?
By mosu on 12/27/2012 5:24:26 PM , Rating: 2
Every electric car user charges overnight, so starting with a fully charged battery isn't cheating.

RE: Ford's Fault?
By Nutzo on 12/28/2012 10:23:32 AM , Rating: 2
This is a hybrid, not a plugin.
So in the real world you would not be starting with a fully charged battery unless you live at the bottom of a very large hill.

RE: Ford's Fault?
By Nutzo on 12/27/2012 12:20:22 PM , Rating: 2
Toyota runs the EPA test in normal driving settings. Most Toyota Hybrids also has a Eco setting (a switch) to improve milage.

The Ford C-Max/Fusion have the ability to optimize thier milage based on GPS information (they basically learn your driving pattern and adjust battery usage to optimize milage)

This is speculation, but my assumtion is that they not only tested in the equivelent of Toyota's Eco mode, but they test the car after the computer/GPS had run the course multiple times and had learned the most efficent way to use the battery. This resulted in the un-realistic mileage numbers. If the EPA buys a car from a dealer and tests it, they will not get the same numbers as Ford, since the car hasn't learned the course yet.

RE: Ford's Fault?
By chimto on 12/27/2012 2:17:21 PM , Rating: 2
Apparently the EPA runs their tests on dynos, so I'm assuming the car manufacturers do the same. If this is the case then patterns of driving based on GPS location wouldn't help here.

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