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EPA responds "don't worry, we're warning folks, but we're forcing it on them anyways"

President Obama's U.S. Environmental Protection Agency made quite the unpopular decision when it pushed ahead with plans to force E15 -- a blend of fuel with a higher percentage of ethanol; mostly from "dirty" corn sources -- on consumers.  The move came despite an impassioned plea from politicians on both sides of the aisle that warned of dire consequences to livestock farmers and consumer food prices if the measure passed.

I. AAA: Stop This E15 Nonsense

Now the nation's largest travel organization, AAA has joined the critics, pleading the EPA to reconsider its decision to manipulate the market and push more ethanol on consumers.

The AAA made the decision to oppose the E15 rollout after surveying its 53 million members. What it found was somewhat surprising; despite the contentious debate about corn ethanol in the media, 95 percent of members who responded said they had never heard of E15.

AAA ethanol
AAA has petitioned the EPA to stop its E15 rollout. [Image Source: AAA]

The recommendation is also based on a second survey of auto manufacturers, which asserts that just 12 million out of the 240 million light vehicles on the road today are ready for E15.  Chrysler LLC does not certify any of its vehicles (including current models) as being safe to fuel with E15.  While General Motors Comp. (GM) and Ford Motor Comp. (F) certify their current vehicles for E15 use, they explicitly recommend against it for older vehicles, saying it can cause engine damage.

In addition to Chrysler, a number of foreign manufacturers, including Toyota Motor Corp. (TYO:7203), Nissan Motor Comp., Ltd. (TYO:7201), Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW), and Volkswagen AG (ETR:VOW) do not certify their vehicles for E15 use.  In fact, they warn that using E15 in current model year North American vehicles may void your warranty, if the vehicle receives fuel-related damage.

Chrysler, Honda Motor Comp., Ltd. (TYO:7267), Mazda Motor Corp. (TYO:7261), Kia-Hyundai, Daimler AG's (ETR:DAI) luxury imprint Mercedes-Benz, and AB Volvo (OMX:VOLV) all warn that E15 is not covered in their owner manuals and just using it may fully void your warranty coverage.

AAA President and CEO Robert Darbelnet said in a statement to The Detroit News, "It is clear that millions of Americans are unfamiliar with E15, which means there is a strong possibility that many motorists may improperly fill up using this gasoline and damage their vehicle.  Bringing E15 to the market without adequate safeguards does not responsibly meet the needs of consumers.  The sale and use of E15 should be suspended until additional gas pump labeling and consumer education efforts are implemented to mitigate problems for motorists and their vehicles."

Currently, 95 percent of gas stations nationwide sell E10, a blend that contains ten percent ethanol, a level that automakers say is less caustic to older engines.  In Dec. 2010 the "Big Three" U.S. automakers lost their case before the U.S. Appeals Court for the Federal Circuit, in which they argued against the impending EPA E15 rollout, on the grounds that it would damage their older vehicles.

Last year, the Republican-controlled U.S House of Representatives passed a bill that would have blocked the EPA from enacting the higher blend, but the Democratic-controlled Senate mothballed the bill, refusing to discuss it.  

Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner (R-Wisc.) was among the hundreds of federal politicians to sign the petition to the EPA to grant a waiver on the E15 requirement.  He said in a recent statement, "AAA's findings affirm what we have already heard — E15 causes premature engine damage and voids warranties, even on new models.  Concerns about E15 are not diminishing; they are increasing. That is telling. When an organization like AAA, a nationally trusted source for motorists, calls out the EPA, you would think the administration would listen."

II. EPA: We Don't Care

But it appears instead the administration is listening to corn advocates.  The decision to artificially inflate corn demand is a boon for big corn producers like Archer Daniels Midland Comp. (ADM) and ConAgra Foods, Inc. (CAG), which may pocket billions in profits from the manipulation.

corn profits
Big corn donates deeply to federal politiicans, who in turn reward it with billions in subsidies.
[Image Source: Agriculture.com]

 
The EPA in a response to the AAA statement says it is simply not turning back on E15, commenting that instead it will add warnings to gas stations to help "educate" customers.  Comments a spokesperson, "To address these concerns, EPA has been working with AAA and other stakeholders to help inform consumers about the use of E15 and recently required all retailers that sell E15 to label fuel pumps with a prominent orange and black label that EPA developed with the Federal Trade Commission. While EPA does not require retailers to sell E15, the label will help ensure consumers are aware about which vehicles are approved for its use."

Meanwhile Bob Dinneen chief of the corn growers advocacy, the Renewable Fuels Association, blast the AAA and its fellow E15 opponents saying what's good for corn is good for the country.  He comments, "[The AAA protest] reflects a pathetic ignorance of EPA's unprecedented test program before approving E15 for commercial use. The fact is E15 has been the most aggressively and comprehensively tested fuel in the history of the agency."

For consumers whose warranties may soon be voided by the E15 rollout and whose engines may be damaged by it, as well, about the only good news is that there currently isn't much E15 across the country.  Despite the active EPA mandate, only 10 gas stations across the country have adopted the fuel.

Sources: AAA, The Detroit News



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RE: We sure are stupid.
By martyrant on 12/1/2012 9:05:32 PM , Rating: -1
You're just stupid...because you have no idea what you're talking about and spout the general fear mongering media pollution.

90% of corn in the U.S. is fed to cattle
5% into high fructose corn syrup (terrible for you)
3% is modified food starch
1% is made into corn whiskey
1% is made into cereal and corn chips

And, if you knew anything about what you were talking about, you would know that cattle digest the byproduct of alcohol (starches) better than they do raw feed, and gain more weight per pound being fed the byproduct of the alcohol production than they do the actual raw feed.

Alcohol as a fuel is a no brainer.

Henry Ford himself made every car of his run on alcohol into the 40s, his model T was made of hemp composites, grew numerous acres of industrial hemp on his estate (industrial hemp has an alcohol output that is 3 to 5 times better than just about any other plant out there including corn and sugar cane) and was a large supporter of alcohol as a fuel until the Rockefeller's funded prohibition to eliminate it as a competition to oil.

(Here's a chart for common crops used for alcohol)

Yields in litres per acre. Based on average yields per acre.

Apples 600-1000
Potatoes 1200-1500
Willow Tree (salix) 1300-1700
Corn 1300-1800
Sugar Beet 1700-2100
Sorghum Cane 2100-2400
Maize 1750-2500
Hemp (BGC) 6000-10000

I suggest you open your eyes and see that you are being painted a different picture than reality. If you want to learn more look up David Blume; he is the man that was instrumental in Brazil's movement towards alcohol as a fuel, and has been instrumental in just about every other country around the world moving to it as an energy source.


RE: We sure are stupid.
By Motoman on 12/1/2012 11:31:34 PM , Rating: 3
Holy f%ck you're a moron. Please don't procreate. You just might be dumber than Swash and Pirks combined.


RE: We sure are stupid.
By Pneumothorax on 12/2/2012 2:41:11 AM , Rating: 3
Probably a ConAgra plant. I hold Archer/daniels and Conagra at about the same level as Monsanto.


RE: We sure are stupid.
By use on 12/1/2012 11:40:43 PM , Rating: 3
Where do YOU get your statistics. Almost 40% of US corn crop goes to ethanol (see http://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/crops/corn/backgrou...

Perhaps you have mis-read the other statistic which says the 90% of all feed is corn -- those two statistics are not the same.

While ethanol might be a good intermediate fuel source for automobiles, first generation ethanol production (corn-based) is recognized by most engineers to NOT be the solution.

Even better fuels are butanol, etc.


RE: We sure are stupid.
By martyrant on 12/2/12, Rating: 0
RE: We sure are stupid.
By martyrant on 12/2/12, Rating: 0
RE: We sure are stupid.
By epobirs on 12/2/2012 2:56:13 AM , Rating: 1
Gee, and what do you suppose increasing the cost of livestock feed does to the cost of products made from that livestock? Making cattle farmers compete with energy production for corn is a profoundly stupid idea.


RE: We sure are stupid.
By martyrant on 12/2/2012 7:30:22 PM , Rating: 1
Gee, read my post! It doesn't increase cost of feed for livestock at all, as the byproduct of alcohol (made from corn, sugar cane, hemp, whatever you want to make it out of) is more nutritious and valuable to the cow than the raw feed stock. (Cows are originally from the wooded areas of northern africa and the middle east, they were never plains dwellers and their original diet was comprised of NOT CORN AND WHAT WE FEED THEM TODAY).

Just because Monsanto, big Agro, Dupont, and DOW said it's better doesn't make it so.

An illiterate bunch of fools here.


RE: We sure are stupid.
By kypd275 on 12/3/2012 6:19:48 AM , Rating: 2
quote:
An illiterate bunch of fools here.


Of which you are by far and away the leader of the pack.


RE: We sure are stupid.
By JediJeb on 12/3/2012 4:44:17 PM , Rating: 2
quote:
Gee, and what do you suppose increasing the cost of livestock feed does to the cost of products made from that livestock? Making cattle farmers compete with energy production for corn is a profoundly stupid idea.


From someone who has been in farming I can say that most of the public is uninformed on this. If you raise the price of corn(or any other feed source for animals)it does not directly raise the price of meat in the store. If farmers begin to sell less cattle then the price of meat in the store will rise because of short supply, but the first thing that happens is that the cattle farmers make less money because one of their consumables has increased in price. What the public does not know is that a farmer does not go to the slaughter house and tell them "here is my animal, I want $x for it." Farmers go to the slaughter house and the slaughter house tells the farmer "I will giver you $x for your animal" and the farmer is just stuck with that price. Sure the farmer can refuse to sell the animal, but it is at its current peak of age and weight, and for the farmer to keep it longer only means he has to feed it more until he can sell it and that only means he will make less and less for it the longer he keeps it. Until the farmer runs out of money and has to begin to reduce his herd size, the price of meat in the store will remain the same.

The part in the article that stands out as most true is that ADM and ConAgra are the ones making out like bandits from this and is why they are the most vocal in support of the mandate. They have the huge storage facilities and will buy up the grain from the farmers when it is at lower prices then hold and sell when the ethanol producers can pay higher prices. Most farms can not afford to store a whole years worth of grain production and wait to sell at the optimal prices. From what I have heard already this year from the ones renting my fathers farm to grow corn and soybeans the prices fell during the harvest season, at least $1 per bushel (about 15%) just during the week they were harvesting there. This mandate will lead to not just car owners being screwed on their warranties, but also farmers being screwed because the groups like ADM and ConAgra will be the ones soaking up the revenues from any subsidies, which just ends up screwing the public as a whole. Be sure to place the blame where it belongs, with EPA and the middlemen of agriculture, the farmers here end up being innocent bystanders just like the car owners do.


RE: We sure are stupid.
By Jeffk464 on 12/2/2012 10:08:16 AM , Rating: 1
Hemp (BGC) 6000-10000

How can this be? The higher the sugar content of the crop the higher the alcohol yield right. Isn't trying to turn hemp into ethanol similar to turning switch grass into fuel, it requires unconventional techniques. By the way this seems to be the viable solution to me, you feed the corn livestock and use the rest of the plant for ethanol. We need to get Cellulosic ethanol working well.


RE: We sure are stupid.
By Jeffk464 on 12/2/2012 10:11:28 AM , Rating: 2
eh, feed the corn kernels to livestock


RE: We sure are stupid.
By martyrant on 12/2/2012 7:26:46 PM , Rating: 2
Alcohol is made from cellulose, like you said, not sugar...you answered your own question. Hemp is one of the most viable replacements for wood (you can get 4 times as much paper from 1 acre of hemp vs 1 acre of trees, and you can do it without waiting 20+ years for the woods to grow). Thus, being high in cellulose is why hemp WINS.

(wood is 40-50% cellulose, dried hemp is approximately 75% cellulose)...this is why alcohol is a no brainer, I love getting voted down! Just shows the average intelligence of the reader here :)


RE: We sure are stupid.
By Keeir on 12/2/2012 2:11:02 PM , Rating: 1
Its funny.

The US consumes around 1.4 x 10^11 gallons of Gasoline yearly.

If we want to displace this

(1.4 x 10^11 gallons x 34.8 MJ/Gallon) / (Y Litres/Acre * 1 Gallon/ 3.78 Liters x 24.3 MJ/Gallon x (1- Energy Fraction))

For Corn Ethanol Y=1500, Energy Fraction = .434 (USDA, 2008)

= 8.9 x 10^8 Acres

That would be more than 10% of US Farmlands!

Biofuels is another dead-end. The very best solution available is electric. Electricity has the highest usage efficieny (90% versus 40% Liquid Fuels including Hydrogen), Highest Transportation efficieny (90%+ versus ~80% for gasoline and NG)

Biofuels made from waste products and turned into electricity locally would be very enviromental. Biofuels made from special crops/etc is just asking for trouble. Typically Sun + Water --> Plant --> Distillery --> Pump --> Engine is not as efficient as Sun --> Electricity --> Outlet --> Engine.

Consider a Flat Horizontal Plate typically gets ~ 5 kWh/m^2/day.

5 kWh/m^2/day * 365 days/year * 4046.9 m^2/acre * 8.9 x 10^8 acres * .9 (transmission factor) * 33 miles/100 kWh * 1 gallon / 20 miles

IE, enough to displace 9.7 x 10^13 gallons of gasoline!

Even if we use Hemp, which you claim has ~6000 liters/acre and efficieny around .5, Solar Power covering the same land would produce more than ten times! the usable energy.


RE: We sure are stupid.
By martyrant on 12/2/2012 7:38:21 PM , Rating: 2
You realize you can make the alcohol and still use byproducts of the alcohol process, correct? And we would not need 10% of U.S. farmlands because hemp grows anywhere, under almost any circumstances, and actually replenishes nutrients into the soil rather than depletes them. You can grow hemp many, many, many places that you cannot grow other crops. There's a reason it's called a "weed." It grows whether or not you want it to.

And, you cannot put solar panels everywhere, or anywhere, like you can hemp (which is essentially solar energy, the plant is just doing all the work save harvest/processing), and in most parts of the world it's actually not even viable (you need a certain amount of direct light per day for it to be worth it, the further north or south you get from the equator it's usually a lot less useful).

I'm just sayin'...you can grow a crop you already do, use it for something you already do, and you can process it into alcohol on top of what you already do...and can run your car, tractor, generator, truck, lawn mower, and 2 stroke engines off it...so why not?


RE: We sure are stupid.
By Ammohunt on 12/3/2012 1:42:39 PM , Rating: 2
you forget Hydrogen/oxgen generated at nuclear plants by splitting water using electrolysis.


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