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  (Source: TriStar Pictures)
Humanitarian group predicts war crimes and worse if robot AIs are trained to target and kill humans

Thus far, no nation has produced a fully autonomous robotic soldier.

I. Human Rights Watch Warns of Robotic War Crimes

However, many observers fear we are creeping towards an era in which automated killing machines are a staple of the battlefield.  The U.S. and other nations have been actively been developing landair, and sea unmanned vehicles.  Most of these machines are imbued with some degree of artificial intelligence and operate in a semi-autonomous fashion.  However, they currently have a human operator in the loop, (mostly) in control.

But experts fear that within 20 to 30 years artificial intelligence and military automation will have advanced to the point where nations consider deploying fully automated war robots to kill their enemies.

International humanitarian group and war-crimes watchdog Human Rights Watch has published a 50-page report entitled "Losing Humanity: The Case Against Killer Robots", which calls on world governments to install a global ban on autonomous killing robots, similar to current prohibitions on the use of chemical warfare agents.

MAARS Gun Bot
Current generation war robots, like the MAARS robot, have a human operator in the loop.
[Image Source: Wired]

Comments Steve Goose, Arms Division director at Human Rights Watch, "Giving machines the power to decide who lives and dies on the battlefield would take technology too far.  Human control of robotic warfare is essential to minimizing civilian deaths and injuries.  It is essential to stop the development of killer robots before they show up in national arsenal.  As countries become more invested in this technology, it will become harder to persuade them to give it up."

II. Ban the 'Bots

The proposal, co-endorsed by the Harvard Law School International Human Rights Clinic, also calls on a prohibition on development, production, and testing of fully autonomous war robots.

The groups address the counter-argument -- that robotic warfare saves the lives of soldiers -- arguing that it makes war too convenient.  They argue that an "autocrat" could turn cold, compassionless robots on killing their own civilian population.  It would be much harder to convince humans to do that.


Countries could also claim their cyber-soldiers "malfunctioned" to try to get themselves off the hook for war crimes against other nations' civilians.

And of course science fiction fans will recognize the final concern -- that their could be legitimate bugs in the AI which cause the robots to either not properly calculate a proportional response to violence, to not distinguish between civilian or soldier, or -- worst of all "go Terminator" and turn on their fleshy masters.

Comments Mr. Goose, "Action is needed now, before killer robots cross the line from science fiction to feasibility."

Sources: Human Rights Watch [1], [2]



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RE: fear this
By guffwd13 on 11/21/2012 1:46:17 PM , Rating: 2
The flaw in this statement is that you assume war is illogical. That concept is incredibly fallacious.

War is necessary for economic, social and biological reasons. The survival of the latter two is more obvious, while the first is an abstraction from typical human behavior and desire to always have more. If war is profitable, it will always exist. As will assassins, boxing, and concussions in the NFL. For social, just read 1984 and ask yourself why One State was always at "war" (or why we so much about our favorite teams). The third is ironic. Survival of the fittest must continue in order for our species to continue. The only ways for that to happen is through epidemics and wars. Since we're destroying nature's natural cleansing ability (medicine), that leaves one thing left: war. It is not fair and may not actually be the strongest but limiting the human population through war allows for resources to be distributed and managed better.

Also, don't forget people we are programmed by years of evolution that has influenced our instincts and learned social behaviors. We are "AI" because "intelligence" is just a word applied to reasoned thinking.


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