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Baumgartner used a helium balloon to travel the 24 miles up, and jumped safely to the ground

A daredevil skydiver has landed safely on the ground after jumping from the edge of space Sunday morning.

Felix Baumgartner, an Austrian helicopter pilot and former soldier, made a risky jump from a helium balloon at 11:30 a.m. ET Sunday morning. He broke the record for the highest jump at 128,000 feet (or 24 miles) above Earth.

One of Baumgartner's goals during the jump was to break the speed of sound, which would make him the first human to do so without the protection of a vehicle. According to reports, he was able to achieve this.

Baumgartner used a helium balloon to travel the 24 miles up, which was made of material only .0008 of an inch thick. The balloon posed risks on its own, with its shape and size changing as it climbed higher toward space.

Baumgartner wore only a pressurized helmet and suit, which weighed 100 pounds total. He also had sensors and recorders attached to him, which kept an eye on his speed, heart rate, etc.

Once Baumgartner reached the 24 miles, he jumped out of the capsule attached to the helium balloon and fell for less than five minutes. He crouched into a "delta" position to maximize acceleration, and then deployed his parachute for the remaining 5,000 feet toward Earth. His maximum speed was Mach 1.24 (833.9 mph), breaking the sound barrier.

Many things could have gone wrong during the jump. For instance, the pressurized suit could have proved to be too weak, allowing Baumgartner's blood to vaporize in the thin atmosphere. It was also 70 degrees below zero Fahrenheit in some cases during the fall, which could have sent Baumgartner into hypothermia. If Baumgartner were to lose consciousness at any time during the fall, he would have to depend on his parachute deploying automatically.

[Image Source: Fading Crown]

On top of that, breaking the sound barrier could have had unknown effects on the body.

"You have to remember all the procedures," said Baumgartner. "You know you're in a really hostile environment. And you cannot think about anything else. You have to be focused. Otherwise, you're gonna die."

Baumgartner nearly made the jump last Tuesday, but foul weather delayed his record-breaking jump another five days. He was preparing the balloon at his launch site in Roswell, New Mexico, but a large gust of wind twisted the balloon to the point of destroying it.

Baumgartner landed in the eastern New Mexico desert safely Sunday afternoon.

You can rewatch the event right here courtesy of YouTube:

Sources: CBS News, CNN, Boston



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Joseph Kittinger essentially did this first
By jamescox on 10/15/2012 6:27:13 AM , Rating: 2

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Kittinger

Felix Baumgartner broke his record, but Kittinger did his jump back in 1960 as part of an air force parachute test. I m not sure what the purpose of Baumgartner's jump is other than just to break the record.




RE: Joseph Kittinger essentially did this first
By Camikazi on 10/15/2012 10:35:03 AM , Rating: 2
All he was doing was breaking records since you are right and it was all done before just at a bit lower altitude. Although it was kewl that Kittinger was there to help with Felix's jump.


By Jaybus on 10/15/2012 12:00:28 PM , Rating: 2
Col. Kittinger was a consultant all along. Smart move on Baumgartner's part. Who could possibly be a better adviser?

I think his real goal was to break the sound barrier, more so than just the altitude record. After all, if the story were only that he jumped from 39 km as opposed to Kittinger's 31 km, the reaction for many people would be ... meh! But he smashed the speed record and is the first to break mach 1. Now, that is awesome.

The Air Force was not interested in breaking the sound barrier in a jump. They were only investigating methods of [more] safely ejecting from high altitude aircraft. In an ejection seat, the speed record is to my knowledge held by Bill Weaver and Jim Zwayer, Lockheed test pilots who in 1966 survived the breakup of a SR-71A while at mach 3.1 at about 24 km altitude, but that was certainly not on purpose. Big difference between surviving a catastrophic failure and jumping at high altitude on purpose.


By bsd228 on 10/15/2012 2:40:24 PM , Rating: 2
> I m not sure what the purpose of Baumgartner's jump is other than just to break the record.

what's the question here? Why did Evil Kenevil keep putting more buses in front of the ramp? Further, higher, faster...has always been the driving force.


By delphinus100 on 10/15/2012 8:30:07 PM , Rating: 2
For some people, that's enough. And playing with private money, let them.

I can remember the late 1960's, when Art Arfons and Craig Breedlove kept one-upping each other in their respective 'Green Monster' and 'Spirit of America' jet powered vehicles at Bonneville for the land speed record. Yes, much sport, minimal science, and that's okay. It was cool.

Don't expect anything done in (or near) space to have some basic 'betterment of mankind' value (science was rightly along for the ride, but Apollo was really done [and done in the particular way it was] for geopolitical reasons), the motivations will be many and varied, just as they are down here...

I'm sure James Cameron didn't go to the bottom of the Challenger Deep earlier this year just for the science value, either. He too, now has some serious, well-deserved bragging rights.


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