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New theory describes faster than light travel, could explain CERN's results

Some of the greatest physicists of the twentieth century, including Albert Einstein, consider the speed of light a sort of universal "speed limit".  But over the past couple decades physicists theorized that it should be possible to break this law and get away with it -- to travel faster than the speed of light.

I. CERN Results Potentially Described

One of several possible routes to faster-than-light travel was potentially demonstrated when researchers at CERN, the European physics organization known for maintaining the Large Hadron Collider, sent high-energy particles through the Earth's crust from Geneva, Switzerland to INFN Gran Sasso Laboratory in Italy.  In a result that is today highly controversial, the team claimed that the particles were observed travelling in excess of the speed of light.

Now physics theory may finally be catching up.  Math researchers at the University of Adelaide -- located in the middle South of Australia -- have developed new formulas to describe the relationship between energy, mass, and velocity (which incorporates length and time) for objects traveling faster than the speed of light.  The formulas modify Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity, a fundamental pillar of our understanding of the universe.

Einstein Theory of Special Relativity
Einstein formulated his Theory of Special Relativity in 1905. [Image Source: AP]

Math professor Jim Hill, a co-author of the paper writes, "Questions have since been raised over the experimental results [from CERN] but we were already well on our way to successfully formulating a theory of special relativity, applicable to relative velocities in excess of the speed of light."

He elaborates, "Our approach is a natural and logical extension of the Einstein Theory of Special Relativity, and produces anticipated formulae without the need for imaginary numbers or complicated physics."

The study's other co-author, Dr. Barry Cox, adds, "We are mathematicians, not physicists, so we've approached this problem from a theoretical mathematical perspective... Our paper doesn't try and explain how this could be achieved, just how equations of motion might operate in such regimes."

II. Placating the Critics

The authors obviously recognize the controversy surrounding both experimental and theoretical work regarding challenging the light speed limitation attached to the special theory of relativity.  Write the authors in the abstract, "In this highly controversial topic, our particular purpose is not to enter into the merits of existing theories, but rather to present a succinct and carefully reasoned account of a new aspect of Einstein's theory of special relativity, which properly allows for faster than light motion."

Hyperlightspeed travel
Many believe faster-than-light travel may be possible. [Image Source: LucasFilm, Ltd.]

The paper proposes two sets of equations -- one based on an invariant set of "frame transitions", the other based on a "frame transition" with the invariance limitation removed.  The authors suspect that if faster than light travel is possible, that the physical behavior of the faster-than-light travelling object is described by one of these equations.

Note, such work is relatively independent from forms of faster-than-light travel that do not violate Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity, such as warping space via a massive energy source.

The paper was published [abstract] in the prestigious peer-reviews journal The Proceedings of the Royal Society A.

Source: RSPA

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RE: E=m(c+v)^2?
By wordsworm on 10/13/2012 11:50:57 AM , Rating: 2
I think the answer to that is quite simple: as one approaches an object, time appears to contract. Thus, if you could watch the clock, it would appear to tick twice as fast. As you left it, it would appear to freeze. (of course, I'm ignoring the red shift, as it would render the object invisible at light speed).

In any case, it would be fun if we could find some way to achieve interstellar travel in my lifetime. While it's hard to conceive, I imagine 150 years ago flight seemed just as unimaginable.

RE: E=m(c+v)^2?
By drycrust3 on 10/13/2012 6:46:58 PM , Rating: 2
as one approaches an object, time appears to contract. Thus, if you could watch the clock, it would appear to tick twice as fast.

Of course, that is exactly what one would expect. What you don't expect is that the received light is also travelling at c, but as I understand Einstein, that is exactly what happens.
So we have two space ships, both moving towards each other, one with a digital clock that can be seen by the other. According to Einstein the light from the digital clock departs the first one at exactly c, and when seen by a recipient on the other space ship, the light is also travelling at exactly c. To me, this violates the laws of conservation of energy, maybe the light emitted can be c and not c+v, but how can the light received be also c and not c+v? But that is just my opinion, not that of Einstein.
As I said, there is an easy way to prove Einstein was correct.
As I see it, the frequency of the signal is maintained, not the velocity of light. I realise that is, according to Einstein, wrong, but that is what I think.

RE: E=m(c+v)^2?
By drycrust3 on 10/13/2012 6:58:02 PM , Rating: 2
the frequency of the signal is maintained

by this I mean the nature of the waveform is maintained.

RE: E=m(c+v)^2?
By wordsworm on 10/21/2012 12:14:17 PM , Rating: 2
I agree with everything you said. I think that if you were to hold your hand in front of your face, and travel at the speed of light, you would never see it.

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