quote: A switch to a first-to-file patent regime from its first-to-invent system has become imminent for the U.S. To learn about probable effects of such a policy change, we examine a similar switch that occurred in Canada in 1989. We find that the switch failed to stimulate Canadian R&D efforts. Nor did it have any effects on overall patenting. However, the reforms had a small adverse effect on domestic-oriented industries and skewed the ownership structure of patented inventions towards large corporations, away from independent inventors and small businesses. These findings challenge the merits of adopting a first-to-file patent regime.
quote: And again, companies like to file in the US first to take advantage of our old system, rather than file in "the rest of the world" first. So what does that tell you? When that is no longer available to them, then the effects of FTF in other countries will become more apparent as well. To what degree, is hard to say until we see it happen.