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Effort to curb illegal immigration from America's southern neighbor heats up

They're no 192-foot Goodyear BlimpTM, but at 72-feet long, and 40-feet tall the hulking white addition to the Texas skyline strikes an intimidating presence.  That is, it would if you could see it -- the special helium blimp floats at between 2,000-3,000 feet in the air, capable of staying aloft for up to two weeks at a time.

I. From the "War on Terror" to the "War on Drugs"

The floater is produced by a large U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) contractor named Raven Industries.  Raven Industries prefers the term "Aerostat" to blimp to avoid any sort of trademark conflicts.

2011 marked a landmark year for Raven Industries with over 15 of the South Dakota-based company's floaters deployed to battlefields in Afghanistan and Iraq, including the contested city of Kabul, a key base for America's occupying force in Afghanistan.  Sales of the blimps helped Raven Industries pull in $381M+ USD in revenue in 2011 [source].

Unofficially dubbed "The Eye in the Sky" or "The Floating Eye" by servicepeople, the DOD is now offering up some of the prized blimps to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency and its parent, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for use in policing the Mexican border.

The Border Patrol preps the Aerostar for a test launch. [Image Source: U.S. CBP]

The Aerostar will be equipped with the "Kestrel" wide-area scanning sensor from Logos Technologies and the Wescam sensor from L-3 Communications, which provides narrower range multi-imaging.

II. Is the Price Right?

Equipped with sophisticated video and infrared sensors, the blimps cost the DOD between $1M USD and $5M USD, according to The Wall Street Journal (officially the cost and configurations are classified).  But if the CBP and DHS enjoy their free trial, they can pick up virtually the whole fleet for $27M USD.

But the CBP says it is wary of jumping in too fast.  It's still reeling from the DHS's decision to pull the controversial billion dollar "electric fence" initiative, which would have used cameras, radar, and other devices to create a wireless sensor network spanning the entire border.

The 2011 Congressional budget for the DHS [PDF] allocated $9.8B USD to the CBP, of which between $100M and $130M USD is reserved for equipment, according to a WSJ interview with Mark Borkowski, assistant commissioner at the CBP's Office of Technology Innovation and Acquisition.

The Aerostar in flight over Afghanistan in Sept. 2011. [Image Source: Reuters]

The Raven Industries Aerostar would be a deal in a way, but they would also drain between a third and fourth of the yearly equipment budget.  Thus the CBP is also considering alternatives.

It's already field testing modified Predator drones, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) used extensively by the DOD.  Also on its radar is a rival blimp from TCOM LP of Columbia, Maryland.  The TCOM design is less expensive, but also less subtle -- it's tethered to the ground by a long communications cable.

But tests of both the TCOM blimp and the Raven Industries design are still in progress in east Texas, with the CBP uncertain whether they will be a good fit.  After all, illegal entrants into the country operate in a rather different fashion than Afghani insurgents, and there's substantial differences in the desert landscape as well.

III. Border Policing, Domestic Surveillance are Topics Mired in Controversy

As the DHS steps up its surveillance efforts, there are also tough questions regarding this form of ubiquitous government surveillance.  Some fear the U.S. descending further into a "police state" in which armed flyers and floaters are used to spy on and assault people in urban and suburban America.

And then there's the issue of the enforcement itself.  At 1,969 miles [source] the U.S.-Mexican border is an enforcer's nightmare.  

The issue of illegal immigration has historically been, and is today a hyper-politicized issue, and in an election year tensions are running high.  The only alleviating factor is a surprising reverse migration of immigrants (legal and illegal) returning back to Mexico due to the lack of jobs in America, according to the Pew Hispanic Center [source].

Even with the ebb of net immigration, the flow of unauthorized Mexican nationals adds yet another persistent wrinkle -- the "War on Drugs", first declared by President Richard Nixon in 1971.

In many ways the War on Drugs has earned a place among America's numerous historic overseas conflicts in terms of cost and destruction.  To date it has drained over $1T USD [source].  

Marijuana Mexico
Mexico provides the majority of U.S. marijuana. [Image Source: AFP]

The U.S. Department of Justice estimates that many tons of marijuana are smuggled across the Mexican border per year.  It labels Mexico as the biggest source of marijuana in the U.S., where cultivation is illegal despite being agriculturally viable.

In 2011 the nation budgeted an estimated $15.5B USD [source] to the U.S. Drug Czar to perpetuate this domestic "War" -- 31 times the inflation-adjusted budget Nixon devoted.  Much of the war involved banning the most used illegal drug -- marijuana, a drug top physicians say is less harmful than alcohol or tobacco.  Approximately half of U.S. drug arrests are attributable to marijuana possession.

Experts estimate that the U.S. loses almost $50B USD [source] in potential tax revenue by outlawing marijuana -- roughly $2T USD over the forty years of the war on drugs.  Combined with the net cost, that works out to roughly $3T USD -- enough to pay off a third of the U.S. national debt [source].

IV. Members of Congress Critical of DHS Spending

Some like Texas Rep. Ron Paul (R), who have a front row view of the immigration debate and "War on Drugs" have advocated decriminalizing marijuana.  Rep. Paul is quoted as saying, "And marijuana - I think it's tragic what's happening today in the drug war. Since the early '70s we've spent maybe $200 to $300 billion on the drug war. That's not been any good. This whole effort on the drug war doesn't make any sense at all to me."

Ron Paul
Rep. Ron Paul says spending billions to "fight" a domestic "War on Drugs" is unconstitutional.
[Image Source: AP]

Rep. Paul also supports disbanding the DHS, which at $53B USD constituted approximately 1.4 percent of the $3.83T USD spent by the Obama administration in 2011.

Amid all the controversy -- the war on drugs, the war on illegal immigration, domestic surveillance and the police state -- one perpetual criticism of the blimp --er-- aerostat is easy to lay to rest: "But what if they're shot."

Raven Industries CEO Dan Rykhus comments, "We actually like when they [insurgents] try to shoot at them as there's technology on the blimp that allows us to train the camera on the source of that gunfire."

The aerostats are at near equal-pressure, which means the pressure on the inside of the blimp is almost the same as on the outside.  What that means is that if they are hit, the helium inside won't rush out.

In other words, while buying the blimps may draw the ire of some fiscal conservatives, don't accuse the floaters of being gun fodder for drug traffickers.

Sources: Raven Aerostar, WSJ

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RE: P214
By Reclaimer77 on 8/16/2012 3:04:30 PM , Rating: 0
So when I read things like today with Jan Brewer denying younger immigrants public things like driver's licenses just because they've taken the step to become documented, I have to finally stand up and say enough is enough!

Dude if an illegal can get a photo ID, that means he can now vote. Hello? You want non-citizens being able to, that's just brilliant.

Do you agree that this is a nation of laws and we should abide by them and enforce them? I'm sick of all this Jan Brewer hate, it's ridiculous.

Unless you live in Arizona and pay taxes there, you frankly have no right to tell them they should ignore their problems because you said so. And it IS a real problem, and things like Obama's "Dream Act" just make it worst.

But, I don't loathe them. Not at all.

It's not about hate, or racism. You're just buying into the hype.

but all of them are highly intelligent and have worked hard in life. So have all the Mexicans I've met.

So what? If a felon works hard, that means it's okay and we ignore his crime? These people are trespassers on our country. There is a reason it's called "illegal immigration". I'm sure they are great people and all that crap, so what?

Your post is just one big emotional mush-fest. I'm not falling for that crap, you'll have to do a lot better than that to convince me our borders should just be wide open.

RE: P214
By MrBlastman on 8/16/2012 3:27:59 PM , Rating: 2
Your post is just one big emotional mush-fest. I'm not falling for that crap, you'll have to do a lot better than that to convince me our borders should just be wide open.

I'm not arguing they be wide open. I'm just suggesting we let the ones here have a shot at paying taxes--take it or leave it. Besides that, we do need immigration reform, but certainly not wide open borders. For those that want to work hard and make our nation better and more diverse, I see no issue with them.

Dude if an illegal can get a photo ID, that means he can now vote. Hello? You want non-citizens being able to, that's just brilliant.

Umm, you do know you have to be a legal citizen to vote, right? (I know you do)

Just because you have a driver's license doesn't make you a citizen. It does "document you," though. I know many foreign citizens from Europe that have visas to the US--along with a driver's license. What makes a European with a visa any different from a Mexican with one?

The Europeans with visas can't vote, either. They can drive, though, and do it all the time!

Do you agree that this is a nation of laws and we should abide by them and enforce them? I'm sick of all this Jan Brewer hate, it's ridiculous.

Sure I do and you know this quite well from everything I've posted. Jan crossed the line this time. In the past I've tolerated it but this is going too far. If these immigrants are being granted visas, they should be able to drive like any other European, Chinese, Indian, African and so on.

Or does equality not mean anything to you?

There can be no double standard.

It's not about hate, or racism. You're just buying into the hype.

I'm the last person to buy into hype. I watch what, four hours of television a week? I'm quite far off from your typical American. The amount of print I read is mind boggling compared with what your normal citizen reads (nothing). I read from multiple sources and form my own opinion. I'm as contrarian as they come. :)

Unless you live in Arizona and pay taxes there, you frankly have no right to tell them they should ignore their problems because you said so.

I'm a born US citizen. I have every right to speak my mind about whatever I please in the form of an opinion. :P

RE: P214
RE: P214
By Reclaimer77 on 8/16/12, Rating: 0
RE: P214
By MrBlastman on 8/16/2012 4:23:26 PM , Rating: 2
I thought you kept up on this stuff? With a drivers license number, and the stupidly easy to get "temporary" Social Security numbers given out to illegals, they can now "legally" vote.

This is why I'm for requiring people provide either a copy of their birth certificate or certificate of naturalization (both of which can be cross-referenced with government held databases) in order to register to vote.

Surprisingly, even my own state doesn't require a birth certificate but I'm pretty sure they cross-reference all the information to verify my legality.

Jan is doing what our politicians swear an oath to defend, the Constitution. Those visas are illegal. Amnesty is illegal. The "Dream Act" is illegal. And States are supposed to have sovereign rights damnit.

Well, yes, I totally agree States are supposed to have sovereign rights. However, when immigration is concerned, I do have to point out it is a touchy subject. The Federal Government is supposed to handle interstate issues, States intrastate.

Immigration can be argued as being both. Since citizenship is recognized as interstate, the Constitution has authority. Since immigrating involves both--well, you can't exclude one or the other. It could be a combination of the two. However, for entry into our nation and to be recognized as a legal immigrant/visa holder/alien, I believe Federal powers have precendence here. I think that the States should recognize whatever decision the Federal government makes on this (since it concerns an interstate and international issue) and within reason, beyond this recognition, set their own rules/requirements/policies for these individuals once within their respective State borders.

I believe what I stated above can be backed up by the Constitution and I know the Supreme Court thinks this is the case. Please note I don't agree with everything these Supreme Court says--they've made several major mistakes lately.

You know there's only a finite number of people this country can support.

That's a whole different issue and it involves economics. The function of how many people our country can support is complicated and would probably involve a formula that includes the following:

number of citizens/GDP output
determined minimum income for sustainability per person
inflows of currency versus outflows
sum of natural resources and replenishability
industrial strength
tax revenues
net population growth/decline
birth rate
useable landmass to person ratio
Food input (from local sources)
Food imports (from external sources)
Net energy output versus resources to continue it as a function over time

... and so on. I could probably figure out a formula but I guarantee you it isn't a fixed value until you approach an upper limit of population density per land (which we're nowhere near close to). Basically, the more productive we can be to create money and jobs, the bigger the population we can sustain provided we can provide enough food and energy for it. We're not even close right now to hitting the upper bound.

We cannot allow a President to executive order his way to immigration "reform".

I dislike Obama quite a bit--but, he, like Bush before him, realized some form of immigration reform was needed. See above for how it should be divided.

RE: P214
By Reclaimer77 on 8/16/12, Rating: 0
RE: P214
By MrBlastman on 8/16/2012 4:49:10 PM , Rating: 2
I know I sound angry and ranting, and I'm sorry.

No worries. :)

I disagree with both. We need enforcement, whatever the costs, whatever it takes. If we need to fully militarize our southern border, I'm all for it. If we need to build a Berlin wall here, so be it.

Ponder this: Walls are a double-edged sword. They keep people out just as easily and well as they keep people in.

He didn't just do it anyway when Amnesty for Illegals was shot down, he gave the people their say.

He did and he didn't. I can distinctly remember Bush being pro-Mexico while millions of Americans were harping that he should do the opposite. The truth is we've had several Presidents in a row now that don't give a darn about what the people want. It has to stop. :)

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