FDA Approves HIV Prevention Pill "Truvada"
July 16, 2012 11:01 PM
According to the FDA, Truvada treatment will cost nearly $14,000 annually
A drug used to prevent
has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today.
The drug is called Truvada, and it was developed by Gilead Sciences in California. The pill is to be used as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) along with regular HIV testing and safe sex.
According to trial results, Truvada successfully reduced the risk of HIV infection by 42 percent in HIV-negative volunteers that had sex with several partners -- including those who were HIV-positive. In heterosexual partners where one person was infected, but used condoms during each sexual encounter, Truvada cut the risk of infection by 75 percent.
"Today's approval marks an important milestone in our fight against HIV," said Dr. Margaret Hamburg, FDA Commissioner. "Every year, about 50,000 U.S. adults and adolescents are diagnosed with HIV infection, despite the availability of prevention methods and strategies to educate, test and care for people living with the disease."
Previously, Truvada was approved to be used with other antiretroviral drugs. Today's approval allows the drug to be used alone, except with non-drug related combinations like safe sex.
Some side effects experienced by those using Truvada were nausea, diarrhea, headache, weight loss, kidney problems, abdominal pain and bone toxicity.
According to the FDA, Truvada treatment will cost nearly $14,000 annually.
Earlier this month, the FDA approved a
HIV home test quick called OraQuick
, which was created by a company called OraSure. The test can be taken at home, and provides results in about 30 minutes. The test is meant for those who do not have access to a doctor.
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