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New rail line will allow trips between the Bay Area and LA in under 3 hours

California, a state of 37 million people, is fast growing and in many ways almost a country unto its own.  The state in many cases is the best-case scenario for high-speed rail in America, and thanks to voter approval, the state will be trying to implement precisely such a system, despite high costs.  The plan received a final green light via Senate ratification of a general funding bill [PDF] and will now begin.

I. The Nation's Largest Bullet Train Bid Takes Off

The project will build out high-speed lines between the San Jose/San Francisco are (southern California) and San Diego/Los Angeles (the Bay Area).  The first phase of construction will complete a line from Los Angeles to the central valley of California, while a second push will finish the connection to the Bay Area.

The project is expected to take up to 20 years to complete due to the massive construction effort needed, coupled with the expected hurdles such as suits from environmentalists and private property owners.

California High Speed Rail
[Image Source: U.S. DOT/State of Calif.]

But the payoff will be 2 hour, 40 minute commute between LA and San Francisco aboard a state-of-the-art 220 mph train.

The project is not without its dangers.  First and foremost, it is a very expensive bid for a state that is already cash strapped.  California is ponying up $4.6B USD, in return for $3.3B USD in grants from President Obama's Stimulus Bill.  The project will be financed by bonds, with $2.6B USD needed for the initial 130-mile stretch of track.

II. Ideological Divide

While voters in the state approved the bond plan, support in recent weeks sunk from 52 percent to 39 percent amid reports discussing the financial concerns.  The approval by the state senate was a close 21-16 vote along party lines.

At a time when many are calling for a return to conservatism in America, the sweeping expansion of one of America's largest socialistic institutions -- the government owned transportation lines (private-public rails, federal highways, state highways, etc.) is fodder for much debate. 
U.S. Federal Highways
Some conservative think tanks say we should be moving to privatize the federal highway system, not adopting broader socialism. [Image Source: Wikimedia Commons]

Advocates argue transportation routing is a non-excludable good and by its very definition a "public good", hence an ideal candidate for mild socialism.  Some critics have gone as far as to suggest privatizing the federal highway system and scrapping high-speed rail bids, as well.

Many believe the project passed only due to heavy eleventh hour lobbying by Democratic Governor Jerry Brown, who swayed his party colleagues to overlook potential short-term fallout from their voter base.

III. Advocates Hail Victory as Job-Creator

U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood comments, "No economy can grow faster than its transportation network allows.  With highways between California cities congested and airspace at a premium, Californians desperately need an alternative."

President Obama was a vocal supporter of the plan.

Obama speaking
President Obama and his DOT say the project, which mixes state bonds and federal funds will drive job growth. [Image Source: U.S. Aid]

Europe, China, and Japan all have high-speed rail systems.  However, rail in the U.S. is light in both speed and usage.  In theory high-speed rail systems have many advantages, including speed, congestion reduction, and cost.  However, U.S. rail projects have suffered from budget bloat and from the challenging of dealing with the U.S.'s sparser population outside its cities.

Critics are swift to point to failures overseas, such as China who recently was forced to slow trains along its burgeoning $1T USD line due to allegations of corruption and substandard construction materials.  However, Germany, France, and Japan all have very successful systems which service millions and have opened new economic opportunities.

President Obama and Governor Jerry Brown believe the new line will create jobs, and they're both eager to put their money where their mouth is.

IV. Critics Sound Off

State Sen. Tom Harman (R, Huntington Beach) conjured the spectre of the embattled $398M USD Gravina Island Bridge in Alaska, which was colloquially referred to as the "bridge to nowhere" in the 2008 presidential race.  He commented, "It's unfortunate that the majority would rather spend billions of dollars that we don't have for a train to nowhere than keep schools open and harmless from budget cuts."

The comment may seem a slight to Bay Area residents, but the rhetoric stems from the fact that the first phase of construction will only travel through the central valley region of the state, stopping short of the Bay Area.  The Bay Area will be connected in the second phase push.

State Sen. Tony Strickland (R, Moorpark), a Republican running for U.S. Congress in the fall, comments, "This bill is spending money we just simply don't have here in California."

California high speed train
California is racing ahead with high-speed rail, despite objections.
[Image Source: U.S. DOT/State of Calif.]

Indeed, the timing might not be ideal, but for better or worse Calif. is forging ahead with high-speed rail.  Amid a divided state government and equally deep ideological divides across the nation as a whole, all eyes will surely be on this bold experiment in transportation and union/state mixed socialism in years to come.

Sources: Calif. State Senate, Sen. Steinberg, DOT

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Misleading Headline
By magpie819 on 7/9/2012 2:01:45 PM , Rating: 2
The headline should read, "Other 49 states forced to pay for 50% of California's high speed rail project." - Approximate additional debt added to the Federal deficit over next 25 years is $250,000,000,000.

Actually, the Federal taxpayer will end up paying nearly all of the cost, since California will most likely file bankruptcy somewhere down the road, and there will be a huge political fight over a bail-out.

RE: Misleading Headline
By BZDTemp on 7/9/2012 2:10:50 PM , Rating: 1
Stop being silly.

I'm sure the other 49 states doesn't mind the huge contributions California has made over the years so it only seems fair to me.

RE: Misleading Headline
By FITCamaro on 7/9/2012 5:28:23 PM , Rating: 1
California didn't contribute anything. The people who live there did.

Man I hate you idiots who think our nation is this big drum circle where we just pass stuff around freely.

RE: Misleading Headline
By SPOOFE on 7/9/2012 6:06:33 PM , Rating: 4
California didn't contribute anything. The people who live there did.

Dumbest. Retort. Ever.

The people who live in California are part of California. You might as well say something like, "This guy didn't have a heart attack, his heart had a heart attack!"

RE: Misleading Headline
By wewter on 7/10/2012 2:57:17 PM , Rating: 2
No, he had a point.

The state is incompetent. The people IN the state are not all so.

Bureaucracies are dumb.

RE: Misleading Headline
By FITCamaro on 7/11/2012 7:50:30 AM , Rating: 2
At least you got my point.

RE: Misleading Headline
By Ringold on 7/9/2012 10:31:32 PM , Rating: 2
I'm sure the other 49 states doesn't mind the huge contributions California has made over the years so it only seems fair to me.

California kicks in money, Florida, Ohio and other states contribute disproportionately more members of the military (which California colleges make a point of trying to kick out).

Shall we get out the wine and cheese and lament poor Peurto Rico, who sends tons of young men off to our military but has no right to vote?

Then there's other states that contribute less money as well, but conveniently hide in their vast sparsely populated expanses our nations nuclear deterrent.

Or Alaska, which I doubt contributes much per acre income tax money, but is a natural resources gold mine.

Considering California exports as much ignorance in the form of terrible policy as it does tax money, and all of the above, I see these points about California's tax contributions as smacking of desperation, a sign that the left can't think of any other intellectual defense.

RE: Misleading Headline
By omnicronx on 7/9/2012 3:15:58 PM , Rating: 4
Its pooled money.. a concept that seems to allude you.

Otherwise, if I were a Californian i could also make the case that 'We account for 14% of the US GDP, and 9% of all federal taxes collected.' This is merely a case of all those 'have not' states repaying their debt!

RE: Misleading Headline
By bupkus on 7/9/2012 3:45:55 PM , Rating: 2
This is merely a case of all those 'have not' states repaying their debt!
I can't tell if you're being sarcastic or... what.?

RE: Misleading Headline
By omnicronx on 7/9/2012 4:56:04 PM , Rating: 3
Either its sarcasm, or I actually reside in Cali and I'm dead serious.. You decide ;)

RE: Misleading Headline
By magpie819 on 7/9/2012 9:07:55 PM , Rating: 2
It's not pooled money. There is no pooled money. It will be additional debt. Any taxes collected today go to pay interest on the current debt and toward current budgeted obligations. There is nothing left over. Any new spending means additional borrowing.

All this does is speed up the approaching financial collapse. So, instead of getting high speed rail, you'll get high speed collapse.

RE: Misleading Headline
By web2dot0 on 7/9/2012 3:57:24 PM , Rating: 3
Good point.

While you are at it, maybe you should also point out the economic impact of California to the rest of the country. Just to give it some context.

But I guess that really doesn't count, since contributions are a totally separate entity. Who cares if they contribute right? I mean if they get a cent from the federal government, they must be leechers.

Why bother having federal grants or any type of government funding. That's just socialism. R&D? Doesn't make any money ... I mean why look for something as stupid as God's Particle (aka Higgs Boson)? Going to the moon? What a waste of money 40years ago. We should be putting all our brightest minds in oil drilling and flacking, and in the financial industry where economic productivity is at its highest.

RE: Misleading Headline
By ats on 7/9/2012 5:26:28 PM , Rating: 2
Meh, it should be close to something like: California calls in small amount of markers for money lent to other states, still has hundred of billions it is still owed by other states!

California has been a net contributor to the federal government and other states for decades.

"I'm an Internet expert too. It's all right to wire the industrial zone only, but there are many problems if other regions of the North are wired." -- North Korean Supreme Commander Kim Jong-il

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