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New rail line will allow trips between the Bay Area and LA in under 3 hours

California, a state of 37 million people, is fast growing and in many ways almost a country unto its own.  The state in many cases is the best-case scenario for high-speed rail in America, and thanks to voter approval, the state will be trying to implement precisely such a system, despite high costs.  The plan received a final green light via Senate ratification of a general funding bill [PDF] and will now begin.

I. The Nation's Largest Bullet Train Bid Takes Off

The project will build out high-speed lines between the San Jose/San Francisco are (southern California) and San Diego/Los Angeles (the Bay Area).  The first phase of construction will complete a line from Los Angeles to the central valley of California, while a second push will finish the connection to the Bay Area.

The project is expected to take up to 20 years to complete due to the massive construction effort needed, coupled with the expected hurdles such as suits from environmentalists and private property owners.

California High Speed Rail
[Image Source: U.S. DOT/State of Calif.]

But the payoff will be 2 hour, 40 minute commute between LA and San Francisco aboard a state-of-the-art 220 mph train.

The project is not without its dangers.  First and foremost, it is a very expensive bid for a state that is already cash strapped.  California is ponying up $4.6B USD, in return for $3.3B USD in grants from President Obama's Stimulus Bill.  The project will be financed by bonds, with $2.6B USD needed for the initial 130-mile stretch of track.

II. Ideological Divide

While voters in the state approved the bond plan, support in recent weeks sunk from 52 percent to 39 percent amid reports discussing the financial concerns.  The approval by the state senate was a close 21-16 vote along party lines.

At a time when many are calling for a return to conservatism in America, the sweeping expansion of one of America's largest socialistic institutions -- the government owned transportation lines (private-public rails, federal highways, state highways, etc.) is fodder for much debate. 
U.S. Federal Highways
Some conservative think tanks say we should be moving to privatize the federal highway system, not adopting broader socialism. [Image Source: Wikimedia Commons]

Advocates argue transportation routing is a non-excludable good and by its very definition a "public good", hence an ideal candidate for mild socialism.  Some critics have gone as far as to suggest privatizing the federal highway system and scrapping high-speed rail bids, as well.

Many believe the project passed only due to heavy eleventh hour lobbying by Democratic Governor Jerry Brown, who swayed his party colleagues to overlook potential short-term fallout from their voter base.

III. Advocates Hail Victory as Job-Creator

U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood comments, "No economy can grow faster than its transportation network allows.  With highways between California cities congested and airspace at a premium, Californians desperately need an alternative."

President Obama was a vocal supporter of the plan.

Obama speaking
President Obama and his DOT say the project, which mixes state bonds and federal funds will drive job growth. [Image Source: U.S. Aid]

Europe, China, and Japan all have high-speed rail systems.  However, rail in the U.S. is light in both speed and usage.  In theory high-speed rail systems have many advantages, including speed, congestion reduction, and cost.  However, U.S. rail projects have suffered from budget bloat and from the challenging of dealing with the U.S.'s sparser population outside its cities.

Critics are swift to point to failures overseas, such as China who recently was forced to slow trains along its burgeoning $1T USD line due to allegations of corruption and substandard construction materials.  However, Germany, France, and Japan all have very successful systems which service millions and have opened new economic opportunities.

President Obama and Governor Jerry Brown believe the new line will create jobs, and they're both eager to put their money where their mouth is.

IV. Critics Sound Off

State Sen. Tom Harman (R, Huntington Beach) conjured the spectre of the embattled $398M USD Gravina Island Bridge in Alaska, which was colloquially referred to as the "bridge to nowhere" in the 2008 presidential race.  He commented, "It's unfortunate that the majority would rather spend billions of dollars that we don't have for a train to nowhere than keep schools open and harmless from budget cuts."

The comment may seem a slight to Bay Area residents, but the rhetoric stems from the fact that the first phase of construction will only travel through the central valley region of the state, stopping short of the Bay Area.  The Bay Area will be connected in the second phase push.

State Sen. Tony Strickland (R, Moorpark), a Republican running for U.S. Congress in the fall, comments, "This bill is spending money we just simply don't have here in California."

California high speed train
California is racing ahead with high-speed rail, despite objections.
[Image Source: U.S. DOT/State of Calif.]

Indeed, the timing might not be ideal, but for better or worse Calif. is forging ahead with high-speed rail.  Amid a divided state government and equally deep ideological divides across the nation as a whole, all eyes will surely be on this bold experiment in transportation and union/state mixed socialism in years to come.

Sources: Calif. State Senate, Sen. Steinberg, DOT

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RE: What this article fails to mention...
By Reclaimer77 on 7/9/2012 1:16:30 PM , Rating: 2
RE: What this article fails to mention...
By Brandon Hill on 7/9/2012 2:25:04 PM , Rating: 3

I don't know which state is more of an embarrassment... Florida (and the countless, hilarious criminal stories that pour out of that state) or California and its ineptitude at managing its finances.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By Reclaimer77 on 7/9/2012 3:48:10 PM , Rating: 5
That's easy, California. Florida's criminals just generally impact Florida. But when States and the Government are going bankrupt, it's nice to know California still finds ways to waste all of our money.

If you added up every project in California that was supposedly going to "create jobs" and boost the economy, they would have a GDP greater than the whole planet.

This is "shovel ready" all over again. How is a train going to boost the economy and create jobs? It might make it easier to GET to jobs, sure. And the temporary "boost" from construction funds might factor in, but you can't boost any economy with public money. And jobs don't magically get created because you can ride a train to get to them!

But true economic stimulus and job growth because of the train? That's just another tax and spend Liberal pipe dream. It doesn't work that way in real life.

I've never seen a public transportation plan in action that even comes CLOSE to paying for it's operating expenses. Let alone the hundreds of billions in construction costs. But in Leftville, yearly operating deficits equal economic gains!!

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By foolsgambit11 on 7/9/2012 5:27:20 PM , Rating: 3
Really? You can't boost any economy with public money? Thank you for your keen economic insights; I'm sure you're a reputable source of information on economic theory.

Considering this project is supposed to take, what, 20 years to complete, I wouldn't call the construction boost temporary, either. While the situation is different now than in the past, railroads have been major boosts to economies in the past. They still provide efficient cargo and passenger transportation.

I'm not saying this project makes sense - I'm just saying you don't.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By SPOOFE on 7/9/2012 5:53:57 PM , Rating: 2
You can't boost any economy with public money?

The track record for attempts to do just that is fairly abysmal.

Considering this project is supposed to take, what, 20 years to complete, I wouldn't call the construction boost temporary, either.

Then you don't know what "temporary" means. If there's a time limit, it's temporary. Further, since the project will be completed in stages, not all the jobs created by this project will extend the full 20 years. In fact, the only 20-year jobs probably created by this project will be awarded to political cronies who will spend two decades attending soirees and bumping elbows on the taxpayer dime.

I'm not saying this project makes sense - I'm just saying you don't.

Are you sure you're not just projecting your own incoherency?

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By foolsgambit11 on 7/9/2012 7:42:46 PM , Rating: 1
No construction job is permanent. A career in construction is a series of temporary jobs. And you need to be less pedantic. 20 years, while not literally permanent, is, for all practical purposes, not temporary. If you're going to debate real world issues, you need to use real world sensibilities.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By vol7ron on 7/9/2012 9:48:10 PM , Rating: 3
I think the article already hit it: "suits from environmentalists and private property owners"

It's the lawyers, politicians, and lobbyists that continue to "get paid". Sure there will be a construction boom that comes with lots of jobs. After all, someone has to lay the track, build the foundation, transport the materials, dig/cut/supply the materials, build the machines, lay the pipes, etc. But they won't make what the lawyers and the politicians hope to make.

Truthfully, I think this country could use a bullet train. It's long overdue and there needs to be better transportation along highways, BUT if the Federal Government is looking to contribute, I would like to see something that goes interstate, not intrastate. A train from LA to Vegas would make me happier for a train I'm never going to use. Still, why not increase the highway speed limits that the Federal Government gives kickbacks for. We've seen an interstate speed go up 10mph and traffic reduced dramatically - I shiver at the thought of what the autobahn might accomplish.

I would like to see a train go on the east coast, perhaps between Boston, NYC, Baltimore, DC, and Norfolk - you know, where business actually gets accomplished :) Not only is the land flatter, but it's easier to plan for a hurricane than earthquakes.

By othercents on 7/10/2012 9:18:17 AM , Rating: 4
I hope the government isn't using France, Germany, and Japan as indicators on how well the bullet train will do. Except for France the other countries are smaller than California, however they also have much denser population which means more riders. Example: There are 127 million people in Japan and California has 37 million. Also except for Germany the other countries were not built around the automobile. I know in most cases people in Japan don't have cars since they are not economical especially since everything is so congested.

I like the idea of a bullet train between key cities in the US, however in most cases you are only going to reduce the number of people flying. Most cities need a better public transportation system that will ease traffic issue in cities. The best bang for our buck will probably be an autobahn across the country. At least then you have a platform that can be replaced by rail in the future.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By Reclaimer77 on 7/10/2012 10:57:31 AM , Rating: 3
Good point! We're all driving vehicles designed to cruise at 90+ MPH perfectly stable, but the freaking speed limits are still 55mph on average. That's absurdly slow.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By abscode on 7/10/2012 1:27:13 PM , Rating: 1
Uhhhh... yea, if all cars where new... if all cars performed the same way... if all roads were designed to handle such speeds... if everyone kept their tires properly inflated and within wear limits... if everyone kept their brakes up to par... if everyone paid strict attention to their driving... if grandma's mind was 30 years younger...

My my, things sure get nuanced once we start to thinking about all the factors and stop thinking in narrow terms.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By Reclaimer77 on 7/10/2012 2:09:54 PM , Rating: 3
I didn't say what speed would be acceptable, I just said 55mph was too slow in my opinion.

You can take your big bag of "what if's" and go have fun though. Life is an adventure, accidents sometimes happen, safety is not guaranteed. Don't be a nanny.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By abscode on 7/10/2012 2:44:46 PM , Rating: 2
No nanny-ing, its just a complicated issue. Most of those are not fringe what-if's but majority issue.

For what types of roadways do you think 55 is too slow for? For every state, except Hawaii, the rural freeway limits are above 55. For a lot of urban freeways, around 32 states have limits that are 55 and/or below. For divided rural roads, around 20 states have 55 and/or below. In some of these cases, it can be higher, but includes the slower.

When I travel to the east coast (specifically, MD and DE), it drives me crazy that rural freeways are 65 and divided rural is 55. Perhaps they are lower than I am used to to account for seasons where the weather is colder and wetter -- also the times I don't travel to those parts.

By integr8d on 7/10/2012 6:55:42 PM , Rating: 2
In Los Angeles, the speed limit is 55 on the highways. But I think that's actually just the average speed because we're either going 15mph or 105mph. There really is no in-between.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By Reclaimer77 on 7/9/2012 6:28:11 PM , Rating: 2
Really? You can't boost any economy with public money? Thank you for your keen economic insights; I'm sure you're a reputable source of information on economic theory.

Yes why actually refute a statement with facts when you can be cynical?

By Dorkyman on 7/11/2012 11:40:50 AM , Rating: 3
As an ex-Californian, I find this story just remarkable. A bankrupt state barges on ahead with plans to spend $100B on a boondoggle.

I especially love the part where the rail line will be built in stages. I can imagine, oh, say 10 riders a day from LA to Bakersfield. Oh yeah, THAT'LL help balance the books.

What a crock. I remember Jerry Brown when he was governor the first time. There's a reason we all called him "Gov. Moonbeam" back then.

Still, Californians get what they deserve. They could have elected a pragmatic businesswoman (Whitman) as gov. Instead they opted for Moonbeam.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By Reclaimer77 on 7/10/2012 10:24:35 AM , Rating: 2
And I'm really surprised I have to be the one to point this out, but the reason these projects take 20 years and have budget over-runs four and five times higher than initial projections is because....

...that's intended. All of this construction work will be given to the same union contractors which give kickbacks to the same politicians, and whom probably have connections to organized crime, and who seek to soak the taxpayers for a continuing boondoggle. It's a culture of corruption, and they are the only ones who will get any "stimulus" from this.

That's why Democrats and Lefties love "infrastructure" spending. Unions and "collective bargaining" are the best kinds of campaign fundraising for the Democrat party. It buys votes and keeps them in office, and if they can convince mouth-breathing masses of people that it's an economic stimulus, well so much the better.

By wookie1 on 7/10/2012 12:17:53 PM , Rating: 2
Another big reason is that if the voting public knew what the actual cost was up front, it would be much harder to move it forward without getting voted out by the non-union voters.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By johnsmith9875 on 7/11/2012 9:50:30 AM , Rating: 1
Sorry, real Americans will just have to build this high speed railroad. I'm sure you prefer importing chinese people and mexicans though but its the 21st century and they've progressed far past that.

By Reclaimer77 on 7/11/2012 11:23:49 AM , Rating: 1
Every time you post it's some comment that's really fucking stupid, off topic, and nonsensical. You should probably go get that checked.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By JediJeb on 7/10/2012 3:41:21 PM , Rating: 2
The real question would be why it will take 20 years to build it. The Transcontinental Railroad was built in six years going from Sacramento to Iowa and they didn't have the interstate highway system to provide transportation of the labor and materials needed to do the work or computer drafting and engineering software to help calculate all the necessary problems that go with an engineering feat such as this. Of course they also did not have environmentalist trying to stop them ever inch of the way either, so that has to be considered. The thing is if it really needed to be done they should be able to do the project in at least half as much time as projected. Even though there are problems with the one in China, they managed to build theirs on a much shorter time frame, so what keeps up from doing work in a timely manner now days?

By knutjb on 7/10/2012 8:59:06 PM , Rating: 2
The transcontinental railroad wasn't encumbered with the: EPA and other federal acronyms wanting their own 10 year studies not liking their or the other's results and then wanting to do another 10 year study, environmentalists who don't want progress of ant kind, land owners not wanting a railroad until someone writes a massive check for their mostly worthless property (back then it put you on the map and money in the bank to have one), whomever has their panties in a twist, and whatever bureaucrats invent to add to the rules.

No, I am not against rational rules. We don't have rational rules. I spent several years in the military tracing end-user rules back up to the originating federal law. I was astounded how creative rule writers were. Much of the stuff they invented had little to no relevance to the law. The vague laws don't help either.

My question is who is getting all the money, I know we are getting the shaft.

BTW LA to San Fran? Disneyland to LA to Vegas is the sensible route in Ca. If LA to San Fran were so great the railroads would be doing it now. They don't because passenger rail travel is a money loser. Amtrak has not made money yet and likely never will so long as the government has their fingers in it.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By Reclaimer77 on 7/11/2012 12:41:59 AM , Rating: 1
The real question would be why it will take 20 years to build it.

Unions and Government regs.

It also only took a year and a few months to build the Empire State building!

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By johnsmith9875 on 7/11/2012 9:44:00 AM , Rating: 2
The Empire State building was also built during the stock market crash and following great depression.

Visionaries decided to go ahead with construction despite the fact the economy was in a shambles and everybody was in debt.

If Luddites like the anti-rail people here were in charge back then, the Empire State would just be a statuette on somebody's desk.

By KoS on 7/11/2012 11:01:48 AM , Rating: 2
You do realize there is a big difference between the two? One is funded by public money, while the other was privately funded.

Right now the public doesn't have the money to purchase a high speed train. Back then, John J. Raskob and Pierre S. du Pont had the money to finance the construction of the Empire State building. Not everyone was in debt up to their ears back then.

By Reclaimer77 on 7/11/2012 11:19:33 AM , Rating: 2
You missed the point

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By Manch on 7/10/2012 8:04:47 AM , Rating: 2
Here lies problem...

President Obama and Governor Jerry Brown believe the new line will create jobs, and they're both eager to put their money where their mouth is.

This would only be OK if these two were private investors, and were actually using their own money.

By HoosierEngineer5 on 7/10/2012 8:43:44 AM , Rating: 2
Indeed, just because they print it, they believe it's theirs.

Doing the math, the Federal government's part amounts to about $10 per man, woman, and child in the US. That's just to ante-up.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By kaborka on 7/9/2012 2:49:37 PM , Rating: 2
A terrorist's dream. Imagine the carnage a well-placed IED could cause a 200MPH train.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By omnicronx on 7/9/2012 3:04:15 PM , Rating: 3
A well placed rock could take out a non 200MPH passenger train.. So what exactly is your point, and how is this more susceptible?

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By lightfoot on 7/9/2012 5:19:09 PM , Rating: 2
how is this more susceptible?

Uhh... Speed?

Derail a slow-ass Amtrak train and people get hurt, a few may even die. Derail a 200+ MPH train and everyone dies.

It is like being able to crash an airliner with a "well-placed rock."

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By ritualm on 7/9/2012 6:54:53 PM , Rating: 2
Germany's ICE trains had a spotty safety record without any natural disasters wrecking its lines. One wheel broke and an entire train derailed, killing and injuring lots of people.

Japan's Shinkansen top out at 180 MPH, in a locale with very high risks of tropical storms and earthquakes potentially destroying parts or all of entire lines, yet it has zero fatalities for 40+ years.

Want to crash an airliner? Aim your laser pointers directly at the cockpits of the planes. You don't need RPGs at all.

What a joke of a post.

By Ringold on 7/9/2012 10:15:11 PM , Rating: 2
It's a little harder then that to take down an airliner, I'd argue FAR more difficult than a train.

A trains infrastructure is almost all 100% critical, and covers such vast ground that it can't possibly be protected. A single point of failure anywhere along the path the train will be taking in the immediate future is fatal.

A modern commercial jets path is, for the vast majority of its journey, well above the effective range of small arms fire, and can absorb a good bit of small arms fire regardless, due to the ability to glide and pilot training making partial flight systems failure more of an annoyance then anything else. The infrastructure the jet needs is some of the most heavily, and easily, guarded land in the nation. Further, there's virtually always two pilots in the cockpit, so the loss of one isn't a big deal, and even the partial loss of both, so long as the pilots can manage to engage the typically triple or quadruple-redundant autopilot systems, is also not a real problem. And if an intended destination is completely compromised? No problem, there's probably a dozen more within 15 minutes flight of various sizes.

Commercial aviation claims, proudly and with full justification, to be the safety means of transportation. Trains, hugging the ground and being so fundamentally vulnerable such as they are, will never match the safety of aviation in terms of fatalities per passenger mile, or most any other metric you'd want to use.

RE: What this article fails to mention...
By johnsmith9875 on 7/11/2012 9:33:28 AM , Rating: 2
There are hundreds of laser incidents per year in the USA with commercial airliners. 99% are just jokers who bought some of those dangerous gray market high power lasers.

All you need is 1% real terrorists with proper laser equipment and you will have blinded pilots and crashed planes.

Even the worst crashed trains have fewer casualties than a typical airliner crash. You won't ever see an Amtrak version of Tenerife (583 dead)

By Ringold on 7/11/2012 3:19:48 PM , Rating: 1
As a pilot, I can say with pretty good certainty that, if blinded, I would know my cockpit well enough to touch and activate auto-pilot without sight, unless the laser was somehow powerful enough to render me unconscious. Unlikely.

Every pilot knows down to their bones the first three rules of flying: fly the plane, fly the plane, fly the plane. Losing the Mark I Eyeballs is serious, but far from fatal, not when there's a co-pilot, and not when there's other staff just seconds away that can be called up with the squeezing of a single button, who any pilot competent in the plane he is flying could walk through an idiot off the street in how to push a couple buttons to activate the landing function of the auto-pilot.

I'm not exaggerating, either, or making it sound overly easy. Poke a couple buttons, maybe twist a nob a little, boom, auto-pilot engaged. The plane will land itself. Pilots of these sorts of jets aren't pilots; a much more accurate description would just be system operator.

And no, Amtrak will never have a 583 casualty count in one incident, but that's because Amtrak probably only carries 583 passengers a year. :P Seriously though, you know full well if a high-speed train ever flies off the tracks, it's game over for everyone aboard. Further, train wrecks happen all the time, minor or not, but several years separate major aviation incidents, despite the fact millions more passengers fly.

There's no comparison, not at all. You're presuming you're smarter then terrorists about the laser issue; if they thought it was that easy, and the odds are probably 100% that they've ATTEMPTED to do it, then they would've.

By Reclaimer77 on 7/11/2012 3:24:59 PM , Rating: 2
All you need is 1% real terrorists with proper laser equipment and you will have blinded pilots and crashed planes.


Do you know how small the eye is? So some terrorist is going to blind a pilot in a jumbling vibrating aircraft, traveling at high speeds, including being able to factor in the angle of deflection caused from the windshield?

I think someone has watched WAY too many movies...

By bjacobson on 7/9/2012 6:25:08 PM , Rating: 2
I'm upvoting th^H^H^H^H NO CARRIER

"We basically took a look at this situation and said, this is bullshit." -- Newegg Chief Legal Officer Lee Cheng's take on patent troll Soverain

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