NASA Prepares J-2X Engine for Second Set of Tests
April 25, 2012 5:41 PM
comment(s) - last by
NASA plans to test the J-2X engine throughout the rest of this year
NASA announced that its next-generation J-2X engine will begin its second round of tests starting today.
The J-2X engine is a redesign of the J-2 engine that carried astronauts to the moon during the 1960s and 1970s. It was developed by Pratt and Whitney Rocketdyne, which were
awarded a $1.2 billion NASA contract
The J-2X is the first new liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen rocket engine made in 40 years that will be able to send humans into space again. In fact, the J-2X engine is designed to power deep space missions and will be used for
NASA's Space Launch System (SLS)
, which is a heavy-lift rocket intended for deep space missions.
Last year, NASA conducted the first round of testing on the J-2X engine, which resulted in successful test firings. In that particular round of sea-level tests, the J-2X engine was fired 10 times total for 1,040 seconds, reaching 100 percent power in just four tests. It also met a full flight-duration firing of 500 seconds in the eighth test, which proved to be quicker than any other U.S. engine.
Now, the J-2X is on to its second round of testing starting today. NASA will now simulate high-altitude conditions where there is lower atmospheric pressure. According to Tom Byrd, J-2X engine lead from NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, J-2X engines will be tested in the SLS' second stage of flight where nozzle data and overall performance will be monitored.
"We're making steady and tangible progress on our new heavy-lift rocket that will launch astronauts on journeys to destinations farther in our solar system," said Charles Bolden, NASA administrator. "As we continue test firings of the J-2X engine and a myriad of other work to open the next great chapter of exploration, we're demonstrating our commitment right now to America's continued leadership in space."
The United States' role in space has been a hot topic since
NASA retired its space shuttle fleet last year
Since that retirement, American astronauts have been forced to depend on Russian Soyuz rockets to make their way to the International Space Station (ISS), where the cost of one seat on the Russian spacecraft is expected to increase to $63 million by 2015
. The U.S. knew it had to find another way to the ISS without depending on Russia, so it jumped on the private space travel industry to fill in the gap.
SpaceX, which is expected to be the first private company to
send a spacecraft to the ISS on May 7
, stepped up with its Dragon cargo capsule in an attempt to fill the void of the space shuttle fleet.
With the U.S. back in the space race, NASA plans to test the J-2X engine throughout the rest of this year. The engine is currently on the A-2 Test Stand at NASA's Stennis Space Center in Mississippi.
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
4/26/2012 9:41:15 AM
i can't really see the point in the development of these engines.
they have taken really complicated technology required for the development of high performance re-usable space shuttle engines (i.e. the inside of the combustion chamber is copper and is very cleverly connected to an outer layer of steel with channels CNC'ed for liquid H2 cooling) and applied this to an expendable engine.
this massively increases the cost of each rocket for not much gain.
if we were going re-use these j2-x engines then spending a bit more to get a bit more specific impulse and thrust would be fine.
we all know that we have the technology to get 100 tonnes into LEO.
what we need is a cheap and reliable way of getting that much payload to LEO.
a really complicated expensive expendable rocket is not the way to achieve this.
i shouldnt get annoyed - after all the only aim behind this pork barrel project is to carry on employing as many people as possible regardless of the utility to the nation.
"And boy have we patented it!" -- Steve Jobs, Macworld 2007
SpaceX Confirms First ISS Flight for May 7
April 25, 2012, 9:44 AM
Quick Note: NASA's Remaining Space Shuttles Stripped, Prepared for Final Resting Places
March 29, 2012, 2:45 PM
NASA Unveils Design, Cost for Next Generation Space Launch System
September 14, 2011, 5:45 PM
Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne Awarded $1.2 Billion NASA Contract
July 18, 2007, 4:08 PM
Quick Note: Drone Loses Fight to the Death With Kangaroo
December 23, 2014, 3:28 PM
Campbell's Monkeys Found to Use Different Dialects to Describe Local Threats
December 22, 2014, 3:52 PM
Scientist Confirm Men are More Likely to Die in "Idiotic" Ways
December 17, 2014, 1:07 PM
Shoppers Surprised to Find Cards Against Humanity's Bullsh*t is Real Feces
December 16, 2014, 11:14 PM
Air Force Worries Hot Fuel Could Harm F-35, "Proactively" Paints Trucks Shiny
December 11, 2014, 9:06 AM
McDonald's is Testing Tablet-Based Burger Customization at 30 Franchises
December 10, 2014, 11:30 AM
Most Popular Articles
Android-Powered BLU Studio 7.0 Claims to be the "World's Largest Smartphone"
December 19, 2014, 2:40 PM
Paramount Bans Team America Screenings, Cowers Submissively to North Korea
December 18, 2014, 10:26 PM
Miyamoto: Nintendo is Prepping Successor to Troubled Wii U
December 22, 2014, 6:28 PM
Amazon's Kindle Fire HDX 8.9 Drops to $299 (30 Percent Off) for a Day
December 22, 2014, 10:57 AM
News Corp's Fox is Terrified of North Korea, Kills Upcoming Steve Carell Film
December 18, 2014, 4:09 PM
Latest Blog Posts
Sceptre Airs 27", 120 Hz. 1080p Monitor/HDTV w/ 5 ms Response Time for $220
Dec 3, 2014, 10:32 PM
Costco Gives Employees Thanksgiving Off; Wal-Mart Leads "Black Thursday" Charge
Oct 29, 2014, 9:57 PM
"Bear Selfies" Fad Could Turn Deadly, Warn Nevada Wildlife Officials
Oct 28, 2014, 12:00 PM
The Surface Mini That Was Never Released Gets "Hands On" Treatment
Sep 26, 2014, 8:22 AM
ISIS Imposes Ban on Teaching Evolution in Iraq
Sep 17, 2014, 5:22 PM
More Blog Posts
Copyright 2014 DailyTech LLC. -
Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information