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Apple is accused of hording money and dodging taxes.
Corporate tax-dodging: not just a U.S. problem

In America Fortune 500 corporations pay 12.1 percent in taxes, on average, on their profits [source] versus the default rate of 34 to 35 percent that any small-to-midsize business (SMB) making over $335,000 USD per year in profit must pay.  With corporate tax rates plummeting in half over the last three decades, individuals and SMBs in America are increasingly left to shoulder the difference.  

The crippling inequality was highlighted in 2011 when General Electric Corp. (GE) pocketed $14B USD in profit, plus received a "generous" $3B USD tax refund from the federal government.  GE was a key donor to U.S. President Barack Obama and was repaid by its CEO being anointed head of America's "Council on Jobs" which helps advise Congress on corporate tax policy.

I.  Apple Pays Virtually No Taxes in Britain, While it Makes Billions

However, it's important to remember the U.S. isn't the only country struggling with the increasingly parasitic nature of politically active corporations.  Britain is currently grappling with similar issues.

American and domestic companies in Britain and other European Union states have been cleverly positioning their regional headquarters in the handful of member states with the lowest corporate tax rates.

For example Apple, Inc. (AAPL) made an estimated £6B ($9.50B USD) in Britain last year, but paid only £10M ($15.8M USD) in taxes.  That astounding figure, which has many British natives grumbling, comes thanks to the British tax code's rule that largely exempts companies based in Ireland from paying British taxes.

Apple has installed its regional headquarters in Cork, Republic of Ireland.  Thus it enjoys the low Irish 12.5 percent tax rate (which the British newspapers consider "ultra-low", but is ironically in line with the aforementioned current effective American rate for Fortune 500 firms), versus the 24 percent it would pay in Britain.

The Irish branch of Apple -- a subsidiary itself -- runs a series of shell companies that log British sales in "tax haven" regions like Ireland or the British Virgin Islands despite the fact that the physical point of sales is in Britain.  Apple Retail UK Ltd -- one of these shell companies -- made a reported £500M ($791.8M USD) in 2010, but only paid £3.79M ($6.0M USD) in taxes.

Experts cited in a report by The Daily Mail estimate that of the $99.8B USD (£63B) Apple made globally in 2011, 10 percent of it came from the UK.

Apple iPad Launch UK
Apple's loyal legion dutifully lines up for the iPad launch in London.  Apple is estimated to have to have only paid $15M USD in UK taxes, despite earning almost $10B USD from the island nation. [Image Source: Tim Ferguson/]

This figure is hinted at in Apple's U.S. tax filings.  While Apple pays well above the current hyper-evasive rate of the Fortune 500, it only paid an effective rate of 25.3 percent -- below the supposed tax rate of 35 percent.  Apple credits this good fortune to "undistributed foreign earnings", which it plans to hold "indefinitely".  Such commentary might draw greater scrutiny by auditors in the U.S., except that Apple wisely based its U.S. financial operations in Nevada -- a state known for a lax approach to tax enforcement.

Apple, which recently announced a dividend for shareholders, is hoarding $97.6B USD (£60B) in cash -- more money than the entire gross domestic product of Serbia.  Valued at $590B USD (£370B), Apple is the world's most valuable company, and some experts it expect it to soon become the world's first company to be valued at a trillion USD.

The situation for Apple could soon be changing -- the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS), has reportedly audited the company's 2007 to 2009 figures and has "suggested" "certain adjustments".  Those adjustments could be in the form of forcing Apple to pay millions in unpaid taxes -- either to Britain's HM Revenue & Customs or to the U.S. IRS.

II. Apple is Not Alone, U.S. Companies Enjoying Field Day of Tax Evasion

While Apple draws the brunt of the scrutiny given that as the world's largest and most valuable corporation it is a beacon of corporatism, other American companies are following in a similar line., Inc. (AMZN) has placed its headquarters in the tiny European Union nation of Luxembourg -- the same nation where deceased North Korean tyrant Kim Jong Il reportedly sheltered his $4B USD fortune. Google Inc. (GOOG) -- makers of the world's most used smartphone operating system and the world's most used search engine -- based itself in Ireland and has subsidiaries in the Caribbean and Luxembourg for more tax dodging gains.

Google told The Daily Mail that this scheme -- which many would call "tax dodging" -- is necessary in today's corporate atmosphere, as responsibility to shareholders.  States a Google spokesperson, "We have an obligation to our shareholders to set up a tax-efficient structure, and our present structure is compliant with the tax rules in all the countries where we operate."

Google Ice Cream Sandwich
Google also successfully dodged British taxes. [Image Source: Main Device]

In the U.S., Britain, and other wealthy nation states, change over such inequity is slow coming.  After all, increasingly corporations are responsible of paying federal candidates' way into office -- regardless of their political affiliation.  In office, these candidates inevitably look to serve their masters -- not the populous, but the corporations.

A recent University of Kansas School of Business study [PDF] found that $1 given to a federal politician was worth $243 USD of tax breaks, if you contributed over $1M USD.

Source: The Daily Mail

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RE: Tax breaks for job providers
By JasonMick on 4/10/2012 7:26:05 PM , Rating: 2
This would be the most massive conspiracy theory ever. Only able to be pulled off by a world wide "shadow" government. Or aliens.

Ancient aliens obviously. :)

But, in all seriousness I think you admitted something similar during one of our debates, saying something to the extent that the political system is very broken in terms of campaign finance and neither party is interested in fixing it.

There's a difference between being a conspiracy theorist and being an observer of reality. George Orwell was likely considered a conspiracy theorist by some at his time. But he was just observing how idealistic and seemingly noble goals like nationalism and collectivism can be twisted to support the most foul of ends -- tyrannical plutocracy rebranded under some other name.

*typos in original post:
to pseudo... -> two pseudo...
to vocal -> too vocal

RE: Tax breaks for job providers
By Reclaimer77 on 4/10/2012 7:46:25 PM , Rating: 2
The difference between observation and conspiracy is you've taken a bunch of separate analytical tidbits and arranged them so that there is a directed motive to them. And that it's all coming from the "two sides".

And yes I think the system is broken, but in different ways. We simply need to get back to the limited Government as dictated by the Constitution. In my heart I know this would solve most of our problems.

Campaign finance is a bandaid. If politics have become a power grab, it's only because our Government has become far more powerful than it ever was intended to be. Remove that, and the other issues will solve themselves.

But meah, it's all just words at this point. The only thing that would make a difference in our lifetimes would be a revolution or a civil war. We've gone far past the point of half measures.

RE: Tax breaks for job providers
By JasonMick on 4/10/2012 7:56:55 PM , Rating: 2
The difference between observation and conspiracy is you've taken a bunch of separate analytical tidbits and arranged them so that there is a directed motive to them. And that it's all coming from the "two sides".

I think you misunderstand me slightly.

In my comment the "two sides" was clearly referencing the two political parties in America -- Democrats and Republicans.

As for the rest, it's all pretty straightforward. Both parties are pushing the same financial system -- a bloated federal government that benefits the wealthy with waste and competitive barriers via unequal, anti-competitive taxation.

Do they believe the moral/philosophical distinctions between their platforms? Am I suggesting that both parties had some secret meeting and decided "You do this, I do that"?

I have no idea, and I'm absolutely not speculating on that.

I'm simply saying that whether purposeful or simply the consequence of nature, the distinction is immaterial, the net result is the creation of an illusion of choice where there is none.

Nothing paranoid about it. That's what's clearly the case when two political parties with similar financial objectives/motivations, but diametrically opposed, negating views on social issues, rule a country.
And yes I think the system is broken, but in different ways. We simply need to get back to the limited Government as dictated by the Constitution. In my heart I know this would solve most of our problems.
Agreed, a fair solution would be to limit the federal government and return to state-control of spending.

Ultimately there is a need for some government -- maintenance of the roads, education, etc.

But again, the current federal government would never support that, because a big bloated, wasteful federal system, combined with tax barriers where "small guys" are taxed more than bigger players when all the smoke and mirrors are stripped away is the system that best serves a small group of ruling plutocrats.

A thousand individuals can enjoy far greater wealth, by trying to leech and concentrate the fortune of 300 million people via their hired Congressional "Representatives", versus a thousand individuals trying to leach off a mere several million in your average state.

In short we may differ in how we view the federal government, but in some sense we agree on the solution (I think) -- limiting it and campaign finance reform.

RE: Tax breaks for job providers
By JasonMick on 4/10/2012 8:12:43 PM , Rating: 2
But meah, it's all just words at this point. The only thing that would make a difference in our lifetimes would be a revolution or a civil war. We've gone far past the point of half measures.
P.S. Most of the unwashed masses would label you a conspiracy-theorist tinfoil hat-wearing type for suggesting such a radical brand of political change. ;)

RE: Tax breaks for job providers
By glennco on 4/11/2012 2:15:40 AM , Rating: 2
It is a problem that is slowly being noticed though. the internet has a funny way of doing this. So the media wants to ignore Ron Paul... soon that generation of idiots who do only what they are told to do by the media is being replaced by a generation that is more savvy. I'm not a Ron Paul supporter (that's not the point and besides I'm Australian) but i can see a problem when it is right in front of my face. No matter who wins your next election nothing will change. As of right now the corporations and the media won't let it but things will change when we no longer look to the media to tell us what to think.

People no longer trust a political system that is being funded by corporations. No matter how you look at it it is corruption. The US is just as corrupt as the nations it accuses of being corrupt. Australia is no better, this is not about patriotism, but observation.

RE: Tax breaks for job providers
By Dr of crap on 4/11/2012 9:21:15 AM , Rating: 2
I think you give the average person too much credit. They can't think for themsleves. And I believe the media is still controlling a vast majority. It will take a long time for that to go away.

Your right nothing will change and hasn't for a long time no matter who is in office. No matter which side gets in, it still the same old crap.

And here's the funny part, the media thinks we care about the primary elections, thinks we care about the politicans and their struggle to get elected. Wacth our news and see the crap they spew out over the election coverage. I for one, and there has to be a hugh amount like me, do not care one bit about the election process, nor do I want to see politicans in any parade going around shaking hands, and handing out "stickers" to the kids. ALL CRAP.

And how we let the corporation political contribution stand and not see it as the biggest mistake ever - I'm at a loss!
But the media hasn't told the masses that this is bad, so it continues on.

By Reclaimer77 on 4/11/2012 9:46:40 AM , Rating: 2
Well when it comes to politics the Internet is about 95% radical crap, you have to dig pretty deep for that good 5%.

Ron Paul? Okay I know you aren't American, but I am and even I don't understand Ron Paul supporters. They have such a devotion to one man, they've raised him to demigod status. Capable of single-handed slaying all evils and, in 4 or 8 years, reversing 75 years of bad Federal policy.

That's not really how the political process works. If Ron Paul died tomorrow, who would these people support? Where would they go? Is the ENTIRE movement central to ONE MAN? It sure seems like it.

I don't like the idea of any President being a dictator or king, but it seems like Ron Paul supporters are all about that. They don't believe in the Democratic process, they don't have party affiliations, it's all about HIM. One man.

"Google fired a shot heard 'round the world, and now a second American company has answered the call to defend the rights of the Chinese people." -- Rep. Christopher H. Smith (R-N.J.)

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