Verizon, TWC, and Comcast to Play "Copyright Cop" for the RIAA
March 16, 2012 12:31 PM
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The crackdown begins in July, ISPs hope for bigger profits by serving less bandwidth
If you're a customer of Time Warner Cable (
), Comcast Corp. (
), or Verizon Wireless, a joint venture between Verizon Communications Inc. (
) and Vodafone Group Plc. (
), and you happen to also be a pirate of copyrighted content, you may soon find yourself warned or even have your service terminated.
I. Your ISP is Out to Get You, Pirate!
The aforementioned internet service providers (ISPs) have volunteered to be part of a fledgling effort by the
Recording Industry Association of America
(RIAA). RIAA CEO and chairman Cary Sherman
the news during his speech to a panel of publishers on Wed.
Traditionally, the RIAA's anti-filesharing efforts have consisted of
extorting alleged filesharers
under the threat of legal action. In some cases the individuals were clearly wrongly targeted, and the approach was
highly technically unsound
, given that an IP address did not equate to a personal identity. Thus the approach was roundly criticized.
Fritz Attaway, executive vice president of the Motion Picture Association of America (left) and Cary Sherman of the Recording Industry Association of America, on Wed. announced their orgs. new partnership with top ISPs to kill piracy. [Image Source: Greg Sandoval/CNET]
While the new methodology shares some of the same dangers of false accusations, it will at least be less fiscally damaging to the accused. Supporters plug the program, saying that the only way to truly stop piracy is to kill it at the gate -- the user's internet connection.
That said, significant technical questions surround how ISPs will be able to determine real time streams of copyrighted content being transferred over P2P versus
legal P2P traffic
II. Why are the ISPs Cooperating?
One of the big questions that may be hot on the minds of many is why the ISPs would cooperate with the RIAA scheme? Well, for a long time many ISPs were
wary of cutting off paying customers
But gradually some ISPs have come to embrace the RIAA's perspective.
It's possible that the RIAA has promised its partners some sort of payments to help them set up their enforcement systems. After all, it was willing to pay $64M between 2006 and 2008 to win $1.4M USD from individual pirates.
Money -- either direct payments from the RIAA or the suggestion of bigger profits via serving less bandwidth -- has convinced the ISPs to turn on their filesharing customers.
[Image Source: Flickr/Exif]
Also, the ISPs may believe that while they may have to cut a handful of customers, the majority will simply stop sharing after warnings. Ultimately this would mean that the ISPs customers would be paying the same amount for their service, but would likely be consuming far less bandwidth (as filesharing is very data hungry). Thus the ISPs ultimately may hope to crank up their profits by threatening their customers into quitting their pirate ways.
Of course not all ISPs are likely onboard. Implementation of the scheme will likely be expensive, though it may yield a net payoff, depending on how well it works at discouraging piracy. Smaller ISPs -- such as
, small carriers, and other players -- may find it infeasible to adopt a similar scheme. After all, Comcast, TWC, and Verizon are some of the
ISPs in America
Ultimately the RIAA's goal, though, will be to try to force (via lobbying the government)
ISPs to join the effort, regardless of financial feasibility. This ultimately represents a big financial risk to small ISPs, as the current atmosphere in Washington D.C. is very pro-RIAA, thanks to
III. When Will the Plan Arrive?
According to CEO Sherman, ISPs will begin to implement the plan on July 12. Thus far Comcast, Verizon Wireless, and Time Warner Cable are the only
It may take up to a year for the monitoring system to be fully in place and for threats to begin, he states, commenting, "Each ISP has to develop their infrastructure for automating the system. [This is needed] for establishing the database so they can keep track of repeat infringers, so they know that this is the first notice or the third notice. Every ISP has to do it differently depending on the architecture of its particular network. Some are nearing completion and others are a little further from completion."
According to the RIAA, the threats to filesharers will operate on the "graduated response" principle (which elsewhere has been referred to as
a "three strikes" plan
President Obama's proposed "six strikes" plan
). On the first incident customers will be sent a warning email, which requests they confirm that they received the notice.
If the system detects them to be sharing more times, they will face increasing action, including possible cancellation of their service or throttling. Given how contract law works in America, it is possible that customers in yearly contracts could be obligated to continue to pay for the services they are no longer receiving.
The big question, with respect to how much backlash the proposal will create, will be accuracy.
If Comcast, et al. start sending threats to non-pirate customers (for example
World of Warcraft
patches are delivered via P2P and many artists distribute free -- and legal -- music via P2P as a promotional tool), it could turn into a massive embarrassment.
The black mark of a false positive could lead subscribers to abandon an ISP in mass.
In that regard the ISPs are playing with fire, to an extent, and could get burned. However, the potential damage may be mitigated by the fact that these same ISPs enjoy a collective monopoly on high-speeds services in many regions. In other words, even if they're all operating in an abusive manner, customers may have no other options in the area.
Still customers have a powerful equalizer
in the class action lawsuit
. If the ISPs do act abusively, regardless of competition or the lack thereof, users could punish them if they can find a sympathetic court that's willing to give them a fair trial.
Customers have already punished Comcast with one successful multi-million dollar class action lawsuit for improper throttling. [Image Source: David Jacobs]
For now the ISP-partnered effort is the RIAA and
Motion Picture Association of America
's (MPAA) best hope at dramatically cutting into U.S. piracy, given that public animosity has
sunk their recent "Stop Online Piracy Act" and "Protect Intellectual Property Act"
in the House and Senate.
The RIAA and MPAA are selling them on the promise of reduced bandwidth and higher profits. However, the ISPs should beware this deal with the devil -- if they botch their new job as "copyright cops", it could cost them dearly.
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RE: It's the law
3/16/2012 2:58:53 PM
The ISPs don't facilitate online piracy any more than a city facilitates prostitution by providing street corners for hos to hang out on.
Ultimately the issue falls to whether or not someone's privacy is being violated without probable cause...and whether or not they start accusing non-pirates of doing something illegal.
The problem, as noted in the article, is that you really can't tell what a user is doing (in terms of being OK or piracy). So, you see someone on your network downloading a torrent. Piracy? Maybe. Might be completely legit...you don't know. See someone downloading an .mp3? Might be that the artist posted the file on their own website, free for all to take...or it might be that a 12-year old ripped his latest Miley Cyrus CD and is illegally sharing it.
...the problem is that you really don't know. Certainly not without some invasion of privacy, and to do such a thing (legally) requires probable cause. The (very valid) argument to be made is that noticing a .mp3 going across your wires isn't probable cause.
RE: It's the law
3/16/2012 3:19:09 PM
You're looking at this from the angle of a criminal trial or police action. Probable cause won't apply here because just the suspicious nature of the activity will be enough to warrant reporting you to the RIAA where then their legal team can go to work on ruining your life.
Without court (TORT) reform, they have nothing to lose by accusing someone of piracy and suing them without concrete proof or even solid evidence.
ISP's aren't stupid. They can figure out if you're pirating or not for the most part. But in this case, unfortunately, just "maybe pirating" will be close enough for them. At the ISP level, you don't really have much "privacy" in this context because everything you're doing goes directly through their hardware. Sure there are some legitimate uses for torrents. Torrenting 200+ gigs a month every month? I think they know you're a pirate lol.
This is why I have a Usenet account. Torrents are just too risky, they go out in the clear! Might as well hang a flag at your house that says "AHOY MATEY!".
RE: It's the law
3/16/2012 3:50:24 PM
And usenet is safe? I don't know how much ISPs can track usenet so this is not a trolling question but genuinely asking.
RE: It's the law
3/16/2012 6:43:12 PM
Well for one thing in the U.S, usenet servers have been under 'common carrier' laws and provisions for a VERY long time, just like the telcos.
By saying that, they are completely immune to being sued, although there is some question as to DMCA provisions which may been found by the courts as going against the common carrier laws.
In other words, just like the telcos can't be sued for 'carrying' 'perhaps' illegal messages (up to and including bomb threats, for instance), they can't be held accountable for anything else either.
Now for the end user there are other key differences that make the Usenet more safe than torrenting or other types of p2p "file sharing". You can Google them if you want, but basically due to the "binary" download format of Usenet, there's just absolutely NO WAY for anyone to tell what you are downloading. Even if they break the SSL encryption. Also with usenet you NEVER "share" files or allow anyone to view your share folder. There IS no share folder anyway.
RE: It's the law
3/16/2012 11:34:05 PM
Thanks for the detailed explanation. I get the part about no uploading, but didn't know about the other things that you mentioned.
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