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Print 19 comment(s) - last by foolsgambit11.. on Mar 7 at 7:11 PM

Usable data rate is 400 Gbps, 4x current top speeds; should allow for supercharged smartphone networks

There are two major determinants of cellular data network speeds.  The first is the physical broadcast infrastructure, which takes into account factors such as number of towers, placement, type of spectrum, and amount of spectrum available.  The second major determinant is the physical network backbone -- typically fiber cable.  

Every signal that goes to or from your smartphone must be transmitted through a fiber backbone.  The faster that backbone is, the faster a carrier's services become, regardless of wireless transmission technology.

The "T-Labs" research group of T-Mobile USA's German parent Deutsche Telekom AG (ETR:DTE) made a splash this week, announcing [press release] that it had worked the kinks out of ultra fast fiber optic transmission, which travel at a theoretical data transfer speed of 512 Gbps (or "the simultaneous transmission of 77 music CDs" as T-Labs puts it).

Fiber Optics
Fiber optic communications just got much faster. [Image Source: AllPosters]

Real world performance isn't far behind.  Deutsche Telekom observed real world speeds of 400 Gbps during a 734 km round-trip along a single-optical fiber test channel running between Hanover and the capital city of Berlin.

400 Gbps is a pretty impressive figure, given that the current fastest deployed fiber networks run at around 100 Gbps, with most networks well behind that even.  T-Labs plans to bundle together 48 of the single channels into a bundle that will offer a combined throughput of around 18.75 Tbps (18,750,000,000,000 bit/s) (24.6 Tbps, theoretical).

Deutsche Telekom describes the breakthrough in terms that surely would rile the Recording Industry Association of America -- "A collection of 3,696 CDs could thus be transferred over a single optical fiber — a strand thinner than a human hair — at the same time."

The cutting edge research is part of the company's "Optically Supported IP Router Interfaces" (OSIRIS) project.

OSIRIS bench
"I was working in the lab, late one night..." [Image Source: T-Labs]

For the professional network and electrical engineers T-Mobile offers up some juicy techical tidbits:

The Telekom OSIRIS (Optically Supported IP Router Interfaces) research project realized transmission at a speed of 512 Gbit/s (400 Gbit/s usable bit rate) on a 100 GHz wavelength channel over a distance of 734 km, thus demonstrating a spectral sensitivity of 5 bits/s/Hz in the Deutsche Telekom network.
This tremendous transmission performance was reached using innovative transmission technology with two carrier frequencies, two polarization planes, 16-QAM quadrature amplitude modulation and digital offline signal processing for the equalization of fiber influences with soft-FEC forward error correction decoding in the receiver.

The WDM transmission link consisted of a total of 14 standard single-mode fiber sections with dispersion compensation as required for the neighboring conventional 10 Gbit/s channels.

The high optical input powers of the conventional 10 Gbit/s channels and the dispersion compensation in the fiber sections interfere with the innovative transmission technology due to nonlinearities, including self-phase modulation by the higher input power and cross-phase modulation by the adjacent channels. Despite these worst-case conditions, it was possible to demonstrate the transfer of the innovative high-speed signal simultaneously with conventional 10 Gbit/s signals in adjacent channels in an existing system.

So what’s the best part about the new technology? It requires no fiber replacement -- it merely requires new receivers/transmitters.  Deutsche Telekom's T-Labs believes that it is read for commercialization, once the technology is incorporated into the terminal equipment from network vendors like Sweden's Ericsson SpA (STO:ERIC B), China's Huawei,  France's Alcatel-Lucent (EPA:ALU), and Nokia Siemens (a joint venture between Finland's Nokia Oyj. (HEL:NOK1V) and Germany's Siemens AG (ETR:SIE)).

Source: T-Labs



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RE: Verizon's New Dataplan?
By TSS on 3/6/2012 11:43:48 AM , Rating: 2
Should look at it from another perspective.

3,696 music CD's per second. the average Itunes album sells for 10 bucks. Meaning you can download nearly $37,000 worth of music every second. On a single fibre.

There's going to be 48 of those in a bundle, and god knows how many bundles spread throughout the world. And this isn't the end of optical technology - this'll be doubled or even tripled by the next decade, maybe even before that.

Digital stuff shouldn't cost any money. At all, for anything. Money will have to be made from associated stuff, like concerts or real-world merchandise. The only things i'll pay for concirning digital media is the PC, my (unlimited data a month, us dutch are a bit more spoiled in this regard)internet connection and the electricity to run it all.

yes i know that this tech will find it's way into backbones and not consumer houses, but i started out with "broadband" with 160kbits up and 2mbit down 12 years ago, and i'm now on 120mbit down and 10mbit up. That would mean 7200mbit down and 600mbit up in another 12 years.

Paying for data will only get more ludicrous as time goes on....


By Crazyeyeskillah on 3/6/2012 1:10:20 PM , Rating: 2
you are paying for the royalties and fees associated with the product. Same reason you are paying for games through steam or a service like netflix. You are not paying for the bandwidth it costs to send you that information, that is the smallest cost associated with the whole transaction.

You clearly have no concept of what you are talking about. There are people that only make money through digital transfers. Banking is an example. We will be fortunate if money can still be made from real world things in the future that are not electricity, hardware, and data access.


RE: Verizon's New Dataplan?
By Trisped on 3/6/2012 4:35:07 PM , Rating: 2
quote:
3,696 music CD's per second. the average Itunes album sells for 10 bucks. Meaning you can download nearly $37,000 worth of music every second. On a single fibre.

There's going to be 48 of those in a bundle...
The 3696 music CD's per second rate is with 48 fiber channels bundled together. A single channel is only 77 CD/s.

Also, wired internet connections usually are "unlimited data a month," or in other words, download as much as you can. It is usually the wireless connections which limit downloads.


RE: Verizon's New Dataplan?
By foolsgambit11 on 3/7/2012 7:11:50 PM , Rating: 2
quote:
Deutsche Telekom describes the breakthrough in terms that surely would rile the Recording Industry Association of America -- "A collection of 3,696 CDs could thus be transferred over a single optical fiber — a strand thinner than a human hair — at the same time."


To be fair, I could devise a method of transferring more CDs than that at the same time over even the slowest digital connection. Any reversible encoding that would combine the bits of every CD would work. They said nothing about the speed of transfer, only the concurrency....

I'm not sure about their math. 512Gbps, with a CD bitrate of 150KBps (1.2Mbps), results in over 400k CDs - but you'd have to transfer them over the length of the full CD. So.... 512Gbps, with a CD capacity of 650MB (5.2Gb) is only about 98 CDs. Maybe my math just sucks.


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