One Chip to Rule Them All: Intel Bakes Wi-Fi On-Die on "Rose Point" SOC
February 20, 2012 11:42 AM
comment(s) - last by
Project is still in the research phase, but hints at a key shift in the industry
One of the biggest developments of 2011 in the personal computer and mobile device chip-space was the
inclusion graphics processing units on-die
(SoCs) meant that for the first time these two critical components were produced on the same silicon die, yielding power savings and the potential for performance gain via unique designs.
At the same time, in 2011 a handful of mobile device makers, such as Qualcomm, Inc. (
unveiled single-die SoC designs
that housed not only a GPU, but
also a "baseband processor"
-- the tiny radio responsible for communication via the 3G/4G (WiMAX)/LTE standards [
All of these trends meant one thing -- where you previous had a CPU, GPU, I/O bridge chip, Wi-Fi receiver, and scores of other chips, soon one-chip SoC designs would rule the world of mobile devices.
I. Meet the On-Die Wi-Fi Modem
Intel Corp. (
), the world's biggest maker of CPUs for servers and traditional personal computers (laptops, desktops), is a bit behind in the race to push wireless communications circuitry into its SoCs. But at
the International Solid-State Circuits Conference 2012
(ISSCC 2012) Intel is poised to show off [
] (PDF) "Rose Point", a 32 nm SoC that integrates a Wi-Fi modem directly on an atom die.
Meet Rose Point, Atom's first try at an on-die modem. [Image Source: Intel]
As they say, every rose has its thorns, and
was no exception. Part of the difficulties with the new SoC were inherent -- due to the fact that traditional modem designs incorporate a slew of analog circuit components, such as synthesizers and amplifiers. These components allow wireless modems to operating on a large range of device voltages, but they also mean that Intel had a heavy redesign on its hands, in crafting its revised silicon modem, which used only two voltages.
And that wasn't the only thorny issue with
. Electromagnetic frequency (EMF) interference also proved a key stumbling block for electronics giant. As the speed of Wi-Fi communications (2.4 GHz) is close to Atom's base CPU's base clock speed, the two portions of the chip would interfere with each other, leading to corruption issues.
Hossein Alavi, director of Intel’s Radio Integration Lab, describes in
, "This radiation seeps into the RF module and corrupts the data. The closer they are, the more interference is going to go to them."
Intel countered by developing new noise-cancelling technologies and miniature shielding methods, both of which served to cut the harmful EMF levels.
II. Intel Hopes to Beat Qualcomm, et al. to On-Die Analog Circuits
Intel is frank about the advantages of a one-die design such as
. Aside from the implied benefit of reduced count of chips in your chipset, Intel's Chief Technology Officer Justin Rattner states, "With a digital approach to radio, you can bring the benefits of Moore’s law to RF and radio circuits."
In other words, with an on-die design improved battery life, and faster processing of signals is possible.
Unfortunately for Intel, the chipmaker is pretty far behind. As mentioned, Qualcomm and others have this technology currently in the one-die chip packages.
To clarify, Qualcomm has on-die digital baseband processors ("modems"), but lacks Wi-Fi modems, which require analog-to-digital signal modulation.
hopes for its own push in the mobile CPU space
, says, according to
, that it won't even talk about an on-die radio design for "another year or two."
article cites Intel as saying that its Wi-Fi enabled SoCs won't land until "the middle of the decade", implying a 2014 or 2015 release date. This is disappointing, as you might think that Intel was closer to bringing the technology to market, considering the 32 nm Atom core which
is built on just went on sale in late 2011 as part of the
mobile device platform.
The company did confirm to
that even earlier stage prototypes of radio modems were being developed in Intel labs.
Intel may have
a year or two lead in die-shrinks
, but it's at least a year or two behind in SoC design. Virtually every industry player is moving in this direction, so companies like Qualcomm are not expected to let up, adding Wi-Fi modems on-die shortly. Intel may be forced to accelerate its roadmap as it has accelerated its mobile chip line's die shrinks, or else risk permanently being locked out of the mobile space.
For its part Intel's engineers are just trying to do their best, coming up with creative solutions to solve the intrinsic difficulties of the unified SoC.
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
RE: clarify please
2/22/2012 4:40:50 PM
Btw, Intel isn't stupid to be demoing it at ISSC if it weren't that good. All eyes are on them there.
My guess is they have actually achieved the holy grail of true on die integration, requiring only a diplexer, bpf and antenna, in a sampling part. If so Qualcomm should be worried, it is a VERY big deal. They haven't got anything close and were so worried about wifi, Q spent $2b on Atheros, among other reasons.
"This week I got an iPhone. This weekend I got four chargers so I can keep it charged everywhere I go and a land line so I can actually make phone calls." -- Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg
AMD Concedes Die-Shrink Race to Intel, Considers ARM Cores
February 6, 2012, 11:45 AM
ARM and Intel Talk Trash About Each Others' Chances
January 13, 2012, 11:45 PM
Fusion Powers AMD to Profit, Strong Earnings
April 22, 2011, 9:07 AM
Qualcomm Unleashes Dual and Quad-core 2.5GHz Mobile ARM SoCs
February 14, 2011, 10:01 AM
Intel Officially Unleashes Its Second Gen Core i-Series CPUs on the World
January 3, 2011, 12:05 PM
Buoyed by Strong iPhone Sales, Apple Reports Revenue of $42.1B, $8.5B in Profit for Fiscal Q4
October 20, 2014, 5:21 PM
Windows 8.1 + Android "Sell Mini PC" w/ Bay Trail Creates New PC Form Factor
October 20, 2014, 5:07 PM
OnePlus to Open Pre-orders on October 27
October 20, 2014, 1:34 PM
Apple Releases iOS 8.1; Adds Apple Pay Support, SMS Relay, Instant Hotspot
October 20, 2014, 1:00 PM
Quick Note: Android Gmail App to Gain Yahoo, Outlook Account Support
October 20, 2014, 9:15 AM
Forbes: Microsoft's Smartwatch to Launch Next Month
October 20, 2014, 8:36 AM
Most Popular Articles
Google Announces Android 5.0 “Lollipop”, Nexus 9 Tablet, and Nexus 6 “Phablet”
October 15, 2014, 12:41 PM
Cool Science Video of the Day: Carnivorous Leech Eats Giant Jungle Worm
October 16, 2014, 6:44 PM
Oops! Apple Outs iPad mini 3, iPad Air 2 via iTunes Store
October 15, 2014, 1:32 PM
HBO, CBS Lead Charge to Ditch Cable
October 16, 2014, 4:40 PM
Google Offers $99 Nexus Player w/$40 Controller for Android Set-Top Streaming, Gaming
October 15, 2014, 3:01 PM
Latest Blog Posts
The Surface Mini That Was Never Released Gets "Hands On" Treatment
Sep 26, 2014, 8:22 AM
ISIS Imposes Ban on Teaching Evolution in Iraq
Sep 17, 2014, 5:22 PM
Space Terrorism is a Looming Threat For the United States
Apr 23, 2014, 7:47 PM
Facebook Aims to Provide Internet to "Every Person in the World" with Drones, Satellites
Apr 1, 2014, 10:20 AM
Retail Mobile Sites Experience Outages in Light of Simplexity's Bankruptcy
Mar 14, 2014, 8:48 AM
More Blog Posts
Copyright 2014 DailyTech LLC. -
Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information