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One of the the world's biggest content distribution sites -- and oft a piracy tool -- is no longer with us

The U.S. government, still digesting the massive public outcry against the "Stop Online Piracy Act" (SOPA) (H.R. 3261) and "PROTECT IP Act" (PIPA) (S.968), executed what it calls a major anti-piracy operation Thursday afternoon, working with American ISPs to block access to top content upload site Megaupload.com, which the government alleges is a source of persistent copyright infringement.

I. RIP Megaupload

Four of the site's seven core admins were arrested by police in New Zealand, in cooperation with their American peers.  According to the most recent report all seven admins have since been taken into custody.

Megaupload was rated the internet's 72nd most used website, and at its peak was the 13th most popular onine property in the world.

The site was founded in Hong Kong by wealthy entrepeneur Kim Schmitz (aka "Kim Dotcom), a German expatriate with a flare for controversy (and in his earlier days insider trading and hacking).  Kim Dotcom reportedly was living in a NZ$30M ($24.08M USD) outside of Auckland, New Zealand, living a cozy existence under the psedunonym "Kim Tim Jim Vestor" and sporting a fake Finnish passport.

Part of the so-called "Megaworld" franchise, Megaupload offered 200 GB of storage space to users for free.  This allowed users to share content with each other.  The only downside from a convenience perspective was that sharing worked through a queue system.  Buying a paid account removed the queueing system and its annoyances, allowing you to upload and pass direct links to your friends.

MegaUpload
MegaUpload is no more. [Images Source: MegaUpload via Venture Beat]

The site's easy to use model earned it "more than 150 million registered users, 50 million daily visitors and accounting for four percent of the total traffic on the Internet" according to the U.S. Department of Justice's (DOJ's) complaint filed against the site and its administrators

II. Feds Kill MegaUpload Abruptly, Arrest It's New Zealand Admins

The DOJ accuses Megaupload of acting as the internet's mixtape site and engaging in massive scale copyright violation.  While Megaworld's user policy states that it does not condone infringement and complies with Digital Millenium Copyright Act (DMCA) takedowns from the U.S. federal government for users found to be infringing content, the DOJ argues that the site was support criminality.

It points to $175M USD in property -- including 15 Mercedes, a Maserati, a Lamborghini, a Rolls-Royce with the license plate "GOD" -- that it seized during its raids on the suspects' property.  The DOJ claims that Megaupload masterminded the theft of over $500M USD in copyright work.

The inviduals arrested during the raid, according to the indictment, are:
• Finn Batato, 38, a citizen and resident of Germany, MegaWorld's chief marketing officer;
• Julius Bencko, 35, a Slovakian national who is the graphic designer;
• Sven Echternach, 39, a citizen and resident of Germany, who is the head of business development;
• Mathias Ortmann, 40, the company's chief technical officer, co-founder and director; who previously split his time between Hong Kong and Germany, his native home.
• Andrus Nomm, 32, a megaworld Estonian software programmer and head of the development software division;
• Bram van der Kolk, aka Bramos, 29, a Netherlands native who assisted in programming and network engineers consultant for Mega conspiracy websites.

Again, the site was for profit and insists that it had gone legit and was not supporting piracy.

UMG was particuarly peeved when several of its artists including Kanye West, Will.I.Am, Jamie Foxx, Sean "Diddy" Combs, Alicia Keys, Chris Brown -- performed a video plugging the site -- titled "The MegaUpload Song":  



The UMG briefly suceeded in convincing sites like Google Inc.'s (GOOG) YouTube into false takedowns, but when Megaupload produced documents indicating that the artists all legally agreed to make the song, the track was restated to UMG chagrin.

The DOJ's press release can be found here.  The full complaint can be found here [PDF].  

The DOJ appears to have sided with the irrate UMG in punishing MegaUpload.  It justifies the seizure of $50M USD worth of server electronics in Ashburn, Virg.; Washington, D.C.; the Netherlands; and Canada, by claiming Megaupload's linking system inherently encouraged piracy.  It also accuses Megaupload of failing to process takedown requests on users found to be pirating.

III. Counterstrike

In response to the takedowns and arrests, worldwide internet "hacktivist" collective Anonymous blasted the DOJ, Universal Music Group (a property of Vivendi SpA (EPA:VIV)), and the Recording Industry Association of America, and the Motion Picture Association of America's websites with distributed denial of service attacks, taking them down, temporarily.  

As of 10:00 p.m. EST, these attacks had almost completely subsided allowing normal access to the targeted sites.  Megaupload, on the other hand, remains quite dead.

Some members of the group-without-a-leader posted a message on the Twitter account @YourAnonNews, stating, "The government takes down #Megaupload? 15 minutes later #Anonymous takes down government & record label sites. #ExpectUs."
Stopgap...

One of @YourAnonNews' posts even claimed to have downed the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigations page.  This claim was unable to be verified.  If it did go down, it only went down briefly, as it was fully functional for most of the evening.

A member of Anonymous writes on the Twitter account, "The Internet is here. Are you ready for The Year of Cyber War? We are. Rise up and join us to fight for your rights."

To be clear, Anonymous's retailiatory DDoS attacks have nothing directly to do with the SOPA/PIPA protests, though numerous members of the group did also support those efforts.

Developing story...

Sources: Twitter, U.S. DOJ



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Stupidity or Brilliant Sabotage
By rbuszka on 1/19/2012 10:45:43 PM , Rating: 0
I've read several conflicting viewpoints on precisely who the group Anonymous really is, and some even claim they are a unit of the CIA. Now, I usually scoff at those things as the province of 'conspiracy theory' that's even too far-fetched for me to swallow, but here's how I think the commentators on the podcast No Agenda (Adam Curry and John Dvorak) will likely approach the issue on Sunday when they do their next show.

This move by Anonymous is likely to cause the hearts of the internet common folk to swell with a certain sort of Thoreau-like pride in an act of civil disobedience, 'sticking-it-to-the-man', and general underdoggery. However, this move by Anonymous will also provide SOPA's supporters (pretty much limited to the entertainment associations RIAA and MPAA and those they've handsomely paid with the money they continue to obtain somehow, with the sound of one hand whipping violently through the air in search of another to clap with) a new piece of ammunition to use in pushing this bill through congress. And it's a good thing too (if you're them) because the actual figures the entertainment industry use to justify their actions against piracy have been shown to come from fraudulent sources and circular references, as discovered by the CATO institute, so the entertainment industry is going to need to try an entirely different track if they want to appear legit to the general public while engaging in this monstrous example of conspicuous corruption. You see, this allows the supporters of SOPA in Congress to curry a sort of emotional sympathy from the entertainment industry, beleagured by those online anarchists who would dare oppose the noble SOPA and PIPA acts by blacking out their own web sites to spite their faces for a day and are now (as a whole, every one of them) now attacking music industry and government web sites. The horror! The people must be kept under control! If the entertainment industry was still searching for a new plan of attack after being stripped of virtually all credibility, they now have it.

In reality, when I hear that Anonymous is some unit of some obscure U.S. Government agency, perhaps our own Department of State, or perhaps the CIA, sometimes I have to wonder if those people might be right. Otherwise, they (as a coordinated group) are seriously lacking in shrewdness.




RE: Stupidity or Brilliant Sabotage
By rbuszka on 1/19/2012 10:49:40 PM , Rating: 2
Errata:

"...the supporters of SOPA in Congress to curry a sort of emotional sympathy for the entertainment industry..."

"Otherwise, Anonymous (as a coordinated group) is seriously lacking in shrewdness."

Tell me again why we can't have an edit button?


By Just Tom on 1/20/2012 6:23:35 AM , Rating: 3
There is a preview function, how hard is it to proofread? The problem with editing posts in online forums is it allows someone to post some snarky, nasty comment and then edit it to something innocuous. When people reply to the original posting with their own snark it looks like they are idiots for being so nasty to the OP, who afterall posted a reasonable (after edit) comment.


RE: Stupidity or Brilliant Sabotage
By rbuszka on 1/20/12, Rating: 0
RE: Stupidity or Brilliant Sabotage
By MrBlastman on 1/20/2012 12:52:54 PM , Rating: 2
No, you were not rated down by a douche. You were rated down because you were somehow insinuating indirectly that Anonymous is run by an agency of the United States Government.

To me, that is borderline delusional. It makes for great fiction but beyond that, I doubt there is any serious reality to it.

Otherwise, cough up some supporting facts.


RE: Stupidity or Brilliant Sabotage
By iceonfire1 on 1/20/2012 2:03:52 PM , Rating: 2
Ha, that would make their "hacks" a lot less remarkable, huh. But I actually think that Anonymous & SOPA/PIPA are totally different issues. Anonymous is already utterly illegal, what would a new bill against them do? Take away soap in prison?


RE: Stupidity or Brilliant Sabotage
By rbuszka on 1/20/2012 7:57:19 PM , Rating: 2
My point is that there's a real danger that SOPA supporters will trot out a fallacious 'guilt by association' argument to assassinate the character of those opposed to SOPA by equating them with Anonymous and what are viewed by the general public to be their "shenanigans". It's super-easy to do when governments can play on the mainstream media like a huge keyboard, and so many members of the uninformed public just eat straight out of the hand of the media and don't even think of the fallacy being committed.

The Congress and Senate clearly want this, because they're paid handsomely to represent Big Media (hence it's technically their "job" to do so, not even considering the megalomania streak of some legislators), and I'm sure they see the U.S. Internet public as just getting in the way now. We've probably left more than a few congressmen and senators wondering whether they'll get their full payday from Big Media after the big protest and the eventual 'shelving' of SOPA. The only thing standing between the SOPA bill and a SOPA law is us -- the people. And SOPA isn't going to go away. It's going to keep coming at us, with more money, more bought legislators, and more pressure, and more measures taken to keep it out of the public eye. It would be only too easy to attach the provisions of SOPA to a must-pass, "We can't wait!" defense spending or debt ceiling (endless borrowing) bill and have it pass under the radar of the public until it's too late. After all, we now have the NDAA that permits indefinite detention of U.S. citizens on a whim, and there was no public outcry over that (except from a few informed and freedom-loving sources).

Our only hope is to somehow have a say over who the supreme court justices are, and to elect senators that will properly vet and not confirm activist or corrupt nominees, so that these provisions can be tested for Constitutionality.


RE: Stupidity or Brilliant Sabotage
By ekv on 1/20/2012 8:39:37 PM , Rating: 2
quote:
To me, that is borderline delusional. It makes for great fiction but beyond that, I doubt there is any serious reality to it.
I agree. [And it would make a b*tchin' (fiction) book.]


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