Despite OBOGS Failure, Pilot Error Blamed in Fatal F-22 Raptor Crash
December 16, 2011 7:36 AM
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Despite bleed air failure and multiple system shutdown, bleed air system not blamed in crash
Now that its investigation is complete, the USAF has come back and handed down its decision on what caused the pilot of an F-22 Raptor to crash his aircraft in November 2010. According to sources and other pilots, the issue that led to the death of Capt. Jeff "Bong" Haney was a malfunction of the Raptor's bleed air intakes.
The report has now been issued and according to the USAF Accident Investigation Board, the cause of the accident was Haney, not the malfunctioning bleed air system in the stricken Raptor. The AIB found that while the bleed air system on the F-22 had failed, Haney didn’t react quickly enough to save the aircraft.
President of the AIB, Brig. Gen. James Browne wrote in the AIB report, "I find the cause of the mishap was the MP's [mishap pilot] failure to recognize and initiate a timely dive recovery due to channelized attention, breakdown of visual scan and unrecognized spatial disorientation."
Fingers were pointed early on at a failure of the On-board Oxygen Generating System or OBOGS as a cause of the accident. The accident report has determined that the OBOGS was functioning and was not a contributing factor to the accident. However, the OBOGS did shut down due to the bleed air problem the F-22 encountered.
The report read, "The MP most likely experienced a sense similar to suffocation." Despite that statement, the report also rules out hypoxia as a contributing factor to the accident. The report continues, "Due to the high affinity of oxygen to hemoglobin, the MP would have had adequate blood oxygen supply after the OBOGS failed. It was concluded that the late recognition of the MA's [mishap aircraft's] unusual attitude and appropriate corrective actions attempted by the MP demonstrates that hypoxia was not a factor in this mishap."
cites a source that claims that Haney would not have succumbed to hypoxia fully, though he would have had symptoms. The source notes that the hypoxia would have been a contributing factor even if the pilot were still conscious. Along with the OBOGS system on the stricken Raptor, the environmental control system, air cycle system, and On-board Inert Gas Generating System as well as cabin pressure were also shut down.
The recovered aircraft memory unit reportedly showed that the "partial pressure to the MP's [mishap pilot] oxygen stopped shortly after 19:42:37 L, which would lead to severely restricted breathing."
Haney was conscious enough to attempt to recover from the steep dive his Raptor was in right before the crash. The F-22 hit the ground three seconds after Haney first attempted to recover. The report notes that for 39 seconds Haney did nothing to address the flight condition of his aircraft.
The report reads, "The fact that the [mishap pilot] went from a controlled flight regime to an unusual attitude and did not take corrective actions for 30 seconds suggests he had unrecognized spatial disorientation. At 19:42:24L the [mishap pilot] recognized the [mishap aircraft's] position and attempted to perform a dive recovery."
This was the second F-22 lost in service since the aircraft went operational. In March of 2009, another
killing the pilot. This accident was a contributing factor to the
Raptor stand down
that lasted months.
This week the
final F-22 Raptor
rolled off the assembly line and will replace the aircraft lost in the fatal crash that took Haney's life.
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Should not have caused a crash.
12/18/2011 12:50:44 PM
I worked on the F-15E for a number of years and it was not unheard of for the Oxygen system to fail. The thing is the pilot or aircrew on F-15Es get a failure indication and sometimes an audible warning depending on the system failure. This warning would be immediately sounded, etc... The protocol is for the pilot to descend ASAP. If they don't descend they will black out within 30 secs to a minute. The flight recorder would have made note of the time that alarm was sounded and when a life saving dive was initiated. Apparently they felt under the circumstances the pilot should have been able to descend in time and avoid blacking out. I say it's partially mechanical failure and partially pilot error unless the warning system failed to indicate that his oxygen system had failed. If that is the case there will be another crash and they won't be able to cover that up.
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