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Jobs instead succeeded in turning the carrier into a dump pipe when it came to application downloads

At a Law Seminars International event in Seattle, cellular industry veteran and venture capitalist John Stanton revealed that Apple, Inc. (AAPL) and its leader, the late CEO Steven P. Jobs, tried unsuccessfully for three years to flesh out plans for a private network to power the iPhone.

I. Apple Wireless?  It Almost Happened.

The independent network would have relied solely on Wi-Fi, versus conventional wireless standards like GSM or CDMA  (3G).  Mr. Stanton claims to have worked with Mr. Jobs from 2005 through 2007 examining the feasibility of the proposal.

He explains, "He wanted to replace carriers.  He and I spent a lot of time talking about whether synthetically you could create a carrier using Wi-Fi spectrum. That was part of his vision."

Steve Jobs
Late Apple CEO Steve Jobs hoped to cut wireless carriers out of the equation with his iPhone project.  [Image Source: AP/Paul Sakuma]

Mr. Stanton points out that while Mr. Jobs' plan failed to be realized, that the work forced cellular service providers, like the original iPhone (U.S.) carrier AT&T, Inc. (T) to make costly concessions.  Among them was the 2008 launch of the App Store.  

While Apple's marketplace was not the first of its kind, it was the first major smartphone applications depot to see success and the first to escape giving carriers a cut of the revenue.  In making sure that revenue was only divided between itself and developers, it essentially reduced carriers to "dump pipes", much like landline data service providers.

It was a model that Google, Inc. (GOOG) would go on to follow, launching the Android Market in Oct. 2008.  Together, these two app stores account for the majority of application downloads worldwide, and give nary a penny to carriers, except secondarily through data fees.

For carriers, Mr. Stanton suggests, it's a frustrating experience.  He comments, "If I were a carrier, I'd be concerned about the dramatic shift in power that occurred."

II. Stanton Made Many of the Cellular Networks We Know Today

Mr. Stanton used to work on the carrier side, riding the wild wave of acquisitions that consolidated the American cellular market to four major providers.  He began his career in 1983 working at McCaw, a cable television company.  At the time the company was interested in expanding into cellular communications, and it picked Mr. Stanton -- a Harvard Business School grad -- to lead the effort.  The result was the first nationwide cellular carrier, McCaw Cellular Communications -- a company that would later be swallowed up (merged, technically) with AT&T Corp., forming AT&T Wireless.

In 1988 he founded Stanton Communications, a company that focused heavily on cell phones and pagers.  That same year he founded Pacific Northwest Cellular Comp., which would go on to become the nation's eighth largest cellular service provider.  In 1992 he acquired a controlling interest in another top provider, General Cellular.

He merged the two carriers in 1994 to form what was billed as "the largest rural cellular-service provider in the United States" at the time, Western Wireless Corp.  That year he founded a new subsidiary called VoiceStream PCS.  VoiceStream was among launched in 1996 with the help of a Western Wireless initial public offering of stock.  VoiceStream was arguably the first carrier to go all digital and consolidate paging, text messaging, and caller identification (caller ID) into a single service.

[Image Source: Creative Touch]

In 1999 Mr. Stanton spun off VoiceStream to form an independent carrier.  For a time Mr. Stanton served as CEO and Chairman of the Board at VoiceStream and Western Wireless.  VoiceStream invested in some key startups who were in their infancy at the time, including Danger -- the company which made the popular Sidekick early feature phones -- and Research In Motion, Ltd. (TSE:RIM).  RIM would go on to launch its first BlackBerry smartphone shortly thereafter, in 2003.

In 2002, VoiceStream was acquired by Deutsche Telekom AG (ETR:DTE) and folded into T-Mobile USA.  Western Wireless was bought by Alltel Corp. in Aug. 2005.  Alltel in turn would get scooped up by Verizon Wireless, the joint venture between Verizon Communications Inc. (VZ) and Vodafone Group Plc. (LON:VOD).  The move created the largest carrier in the nation, pushing Verizon Wireless ahead of the merged Cingular/AT&T Wireless network in Jan. 2009.

The tech pioneer in his talk emphasized the importance investing in smaller promising companies and avoiding paying large fees to aging veteran players played in his success.  He comments, "We had investments in those spaces because in part we were the little guy and we wanted access to unique devices."

The commentary seemed somewhat aimed at Sprint Nextel Corp. (S) who recently agreed to pay an incredible $15.5B USD for a four-year deal with Apple's iPhone, a move blasted by analysts.

John Stanton
John Stanton founded much of the cellular infrastructure that comprises America's current networks [Image Source: Jacob Kepler/Bloomberg]

It's hard to question his advice -- he's among the wireless industry's greatest success stories, accruing a fortune of $1.1B USD at last count.  He joined with Microsoft Corp. (MSFT) CEO Steve Ballmer in becoming a minority owner of the NBA's Seattle Supersonics, which have since moved to Oklahoma City and become The Thunder.  He also holds a stake in the Seattle Mariners.

Sources: PCWorld, Funding Universe

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RE: Simply impossible.
By TheRequiem on 11/16/2011 12:45:00 PM , Rating: 2
Correct, they would need a repeater every block to have it work. It simply would've been too costly and complete nationwide coverage with wifi would only be in urban areas, not a logical idea at this point.

RE: Simply impossible.
By acer905 on 11/16/2011 12:57:39 PM , Rating: 2
Unless maybe the iPhone itself served as the repeater, and the entire network was the phones themselves. Crazy, but I can see Jobs trying it

RE: Simply impossible.
By HrilL on 11/16/2011 1:30:47 PM , Rating: 2
This was my exact idea. You create a mesh network with the phones and the more phones you sell the better the network gets. Clearly you'd need end points as well and the limited bandwidth that would come from a lot of devices all using someone’s cable modem wouldn't be the greatest as well as the latencies.

RE: Simply impossible.
By Unspoken Thought on 11/22/2011 11:00:59 AM , Rating: 2
What if they were looking into technologies similar to WiMAX rather than running off hot-spots to make phone calls or download data. That would make more sense to me and give credence as to why the data carries would want to stop Job's from pursuing this goal.

RE: Simply impossible.
By corduroygt on 11/16/2011 1:31:20 PM , Rating: 5
Then, the battery would only last a couple hours...

RE: Simply impossible.
By inighthawki on 11/16/2011 2:36:57 PM , Rating: 2
I think you'd be lucky to get a few hours. Not to mention, the potential security problems that could result as the phone itself routing the traffic of another person's conversation.

RE: Simply impossible.
By FITCamaro on 11/16/2011 2:51:45 PM , Rating: 1
My thoughts exactly. But I think you'd be lucky to get an hour doing that kind of processing.

RE: Simply impossible.
By Montuewed on 11/16/2011 7:50:23 PM , Rating: 1
It's not that crazy. Similar systems exist for radio comms, most notably TETRA.

RE: Simply impossible.
By TacticalTrading on 11/16/2011 1:36:10 PM , Rating: 2
Apparently it was impossible as it never happened.

But just imagine the possibilities if they had..... WOW!

RE: Simply impossible.
By ipay on 11/16/2011 1:57:43 PM , Rating: 2
Wi-Fi repeaters are a heck of a lot cheaper than cell phone towers, though, especially with economies of scale. Are you sure it would be more expensive in the long run?

RE: Simply impossible.
By TheRequiem on 11/16/2011 4:09:31 PM , Rating: 4
They would still need tens of thousands if not hundreds of thousands of towers for wifi radio waves and it would've had to of been built from the ground up, so yes, it would've been very expensive.

RE: Simply impossible.
By StevoLincolnite on 11/17/2011 3:30:42 AM , Rating: 1
They would still need tens of thousands if not hundreds of thousands of towers for wifi radio waves and it would've had to of been built from the ground up, so yes, it would've been very expensive.

Not really that expensive.

The United States is a vast country... Yes. However it has a decent population density to make such projects far more viable.

Compare it to the Australian National Broadband Network that is under construction...
For starters, Australia is very similar in size by land-area when compared to the USA.
However... Population densities still remain something on the small side of the coin.
Yet... For 43 Billion they are managing to roll out fiber to 90%+ of the population. The rest is served with Fixed Wireless and Satellite technologies.

The Wireless is actually allot more economical to install than running fiber everywhere, just place a wifi transmitter on top of a power-pole on every street corner and your done. - Everyone on the street then uses that access point.

For 43 Billion dollars to service a country that is so vast with very little population density is pretty good. Could Apple manage it? Not overnight.

But considering the Trillions the US government has spent during the financial crisis... It should have been a national building project they could have considered that would have benefited everyone.

"Nowadays you can buy a CPU cheaper than the CPU fan." -- Unnamed AMD executive

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