China Cuts Off World's Rare Earth Metal Supply
October 21, 2011 12:40 AM
comment(s) - last by
The hand giveth, the hand taketh away
China only has about 30 percent of the world's rare earth metal deposits, but thanks to clever planning it today
controls 97 percent of the world's production of these scarce resources
. Deposits of this family of 17 elements --
vital to power electronics
found in televisions, smart phones, electric vehicles, and a variety of other devices -- are found in California, Canada, Australia, and Russia, but it will take years to bring them online.
In short the world is
at China's mercy
for now when it comes to rare earth supply. And China's biggest rare earth metal producer -- the Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Rare-Earth (Group) has announced that it is severing shipments to the U.S., Japan, and Europe for one month in an attempt to artificially inflate prices.
Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Rare-Earth also plans to buy rare earth metals in an attempt to further move prices upward. The company already controls 60 percent of China's rare earth production, thanks to the Chinese government's decision to merge 35 other local companies into the Inner Mongolia business, or fade them out.
China controls 97 percent of the world's rare earth metal production.
[Source: Wikimedia Commons]
While the Sichuan province in the southwest and Shandong in the east produce significant amounts of rare earth as well, the Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Rare-Earth Group's decision should be enough to move prices significantly.
Doing so will benefit China in a couple ways. First, prices will almost certainly go up, reverse a downward slide. Lynas Corp., an Australian rare earth producer reveals that since June the price of neodymium oxide has declined 34 percent to $157 per kilogram, while europium oxide is down 35 percent at $2,904 per kilogram.
Sun Fan, a rare earth analyst for Goldstate Securities in the southern city of Shenzhen comments in a
, "The impact on the market supply will be substantial. The dual measures of suspension and purchase will offer support for the rare earth prices and make the prices gradually pick up in the future."
Aside from raising prices higher, the pause in production will allow China to try to kick start its efforts to produce locally produce magnets. When it comes to the production of the magnets used in the electric motors of hybrid and electric vehicles, typically the biggest profit is not realized at a commodity level, but at a magnet producer level. Thus in the past foreign nations like the U.S. and Japan have pocketed the biggest profits. China
hopes to change that
China hopes to supplant its U.S. and Asian rivals as the main producer of electric motor magnets, by choking resource supply to its foreign competitors. [Source: ThinkGeek]
China's Ministry of Land and Resources in September bragged that rare earth metals were the nation's "21st century treasure trove of new materials." It argued that exports should be tightened, choking foreign supply and favoring Chinese manufacturers.
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RE: Tree hugging retards.
10/21/2011 2:12:30 AM
Agreed it had nothing to do with environmentalists. However, it was good economic policy. Someone was willing to sell us their rare earths for much cheaper than it cost us to mine ours. Better to buy theirs and save ours for later. Mining and refining aren't exactly cutting edge technology, so there was literally nothing to lose by doing so.
A few mining companies who paid for land leases for those rare earth mines got burned, but the U.S. lost practically nothing. If there was a screwup, it was not stockpiling enough of those purchased rare earths to tide us over until we could get our own mining and production up to speed.
RE: Tree hugging retards.
10/21/2011 12:24:30 PM
We can't really consider that a "screwup". We depend on MANY foreign supplies/etc, to stockpile them all to that scale of reserve would be a large economic burden.
While in hindsight we could idealize that we're "saving ours for later", that's not really the case at all. It was simply a matter of it not being cost effective to pay more to mine than it costs for the ore constituents... but you already stated as much.
It did have to do with environmental issues though, that makes it more costly to process in countries with stricter regulations.
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