Do We Need EVs with Turbo Engines Becoming so Fuel Efficient?
October 17, 2011 1:15 PM
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You're doing it wrong.
Turbos are on 75% of new cars sold in Europe
You don't have to be a scientist or an automotive engineer to look at the fuel economy that major automakers are squeezing out of their vehicles with normal combustion engines today and wonder if we really need EVs and hybrids. More than one diesel car in Europe is able to provide fuel economy as good or better than the hybrids people generally think are so fuel thrifty.
The catch is that we rarely see diesel engines in the US inside a car, that will be changing, but the diesel car isn't common today for American drivers. One thing that is becoming very common for fuel efficiency sake is the addition of a turbocharger to allow a smaller displacement engine to produce acceptable power to provide the performance drivers expect.
The turbocharger is something that was often thought of for performance cars like the Grand National Buick in the mid to late 1980's. Today the turbo is used in a number of engines including the very popular EcoBoost line from Ford. Ford's EcoBoost engine inside the
is selling very well and has a towing capacity on par with normal engines with larger displacement. The turbocharger is even more widely used in Europe where
reports that 75% of all new cars come with one.
Craig Balis from Honeywell Turbo Technologies told Reuters in an interview, "The turbocharger is a green technology in the sense that it's helping cut emissions and raise fuel economy. It's a critical component to get more fuel efficiency out of the engine."
"Emissions regulations in Europe, the United States and worldwide are a driving force for cleaner, greener vehicles and that's a great landscape for turbocharging," said Balis. "We're confident about the continued evolution of combustion engines and the growing role turbocharging has."
reports that a diesel engine that has a turbocharger can get 40% more mileage than one without a turbo and a gas engine can go 20% further per liter of fuel than one without a turbo. With the impressive economy that normal engines with turbochargers achieve there are many that wonder if we even need EVs and hybrids.
Pierre Gaudillat, policy officer at the Transport and Environment lobby group in Brussels, was asked if we need EVs from a CO2 point of view. He said, "That's a valid question. The answer is: maybe not. Turbos are a no-brainer for cutting CO2 because the efficiency gains are really quite significant. In the near term, we don't really need and can't count on electric vehicles to deliver the CO2 savings. Maybe not until about 2030 or 2050."
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RE: Stop spreading misconceptions about Turbos
10/31/2011 10:59:33 PM
It's not at all true that reliable turbo engines have iron blocks. WRX is all alloy, even the Evo nowadays. Ford Ecoboost 4s and V6s are alloy blocks, as is the 2.5L 5 in my Ford. It's true that there are still a reasonable number of turbos using iron blocks, even ones that aren't especially extreme applications such as VW's 2L in the Golf GTI/R and the one in the Renaultsport Megane. It's just not necessary for making a reliable engine nowadays though.
Turbo engines often require higher octane fuel, it's true. There are a lot of things in a modern engine to combat the issue though, even just knock sensors and the ability to adjust valve timing, or the exhaust gas recirculation and precise combustion control possible with direct injection. You could avoid turbo and aim instead for a very high compression ratio using the same technology. Mazda is doing that with Skyactiv (though they've needed other technology for their intake manifold and things too). Knocking is not a big problem for modern turbo cars though.
Compare Ford's 1.6L Ecoboost to the 1.6L NA and the 2.0L NA available in the same car, you won't get a better comparison than that and the 2.0L NA engine isn't poor for what it is. The 1.6L is more powerful and has more torque than either (much more when you look at how it's spread over the rev range). It also gives better fuel economy than either of the others. Which would you prefer if you were buying a car in that class?
"I mean, if you wanna break down someone's door, why don't you start with AT&T, for God sakes? They make your amazing phone unusable as a phone!" -- Jon Stewart on Apple and the iPhone
Ford Ups Sales Estimates for EcoBoost F-150
October 16, 2011, 8:07 PM
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