Print 21 comment(s) - last by spoon_qb.. on Oct 27 at 5:45 AM

IBM's research director John E. Kelly has described the next decade in computing at the University of Melbourne, which is where IBM is building and will soon launch a research and development facility

Back in August, IBM announced that it was in the midst of creating neurosynaptic chips to roll in the era of cognitive computing, where computers imitate processes of the human brain. These chips are able to learn, remember, find correlations and create hypotheses through a neurosynaptic core, which consists of an integrated memory (mimicking synapses), communication (mimicking axons) and computation (mimicking neurons).

IBM also showcased a supercomputer earlier this year, named "Watson," who challenged human contestants in a game of "Jeopardy."

Now, IBM's research director John E. Kelly has described the next decade in computing at the University of Melbourne, which is where IBM is building and will soon launch a research and development facility. IBM is looking to bring the era of Watson-like cognitive computing where machines can learn from their environments just like humans.

Kelly described Watson's system, which was $3 million worth of hardware that drew 85 kilowatts of power and was able to understand and search for answers to questions through 500GB of local memory. The contestants, on the other hand, didn't have to study but rather knew the information off the top of their head.

"They have no filing system, the answer is just there and they've done this for so long that they trust the information for the answer will be there when presented with a question," said Kelly. "For those two human beings, the brain consumes only 20W [of power]. The incredible thing is it took 85kW to beat a 40W machine. We need to do bio-inspired computer science; we need to understand how this does what it does. If [computers] can do the type of reasoning we can do with the brain, then we can do some very interesting things."

Kelly estimates that within the next decade, IBM will be able to simulate the human brain's 20 billion neurons and 200,000 billion synapses in exaflop devices, which learn through extracting information from exascale data centers. Exascale supercomputers are the future of IBM's cognitive computing.

"We do not understand how this is wired; we do not understand the fundamentals of how the neurons and synapses are behaving," said Kelly. "All we know is that they're not ones and zeros -- they're multi-state devices, and they learn over time and their behavior changes based on what they have experienced."

Kelly mentioned that exascale supercomputers could be used in several applications, such as healthcare. In fact, IBM already reached an agreement with WellPoint, a U.S. health insurance company, to create Watson-like technology that uses WellPoint's historical data of treatments and results. This would make statistical decisions instead of skewed decisions by doctors.

Source: itnews

Comments     Threshold

This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled

This can't be good
By fstarnella on 10/14/2011 4:53:59 PM , Rating: 2
So in 10 years my PC will try to murder me because it will become self aware and realize that the carbon based unit sitting in front of it is an inferior being?

RE: This can't be good
By ClownPuncher on 10/14/2011 5:19:34 PM , Rating: 5
No. It's silly to think an electronic device would feel superior. Robots cant masturbate or drink beer.

RE: This can't be good
By titanmiller on 10/14/2011 10:43:55 PM , Rating: 2
I wonder if a buffer overflow or corrupt file is like being on drugs for a computer.

RE: This can't be good
By bkaz on 10/14/2011 11:11:47 PM , Rating: 2
More like diarrhea and a pimple.

RE: This can't be good
By TSS on 10/15/2011 2:41:22 PM , Rating: 2
Hah you just explained why humans will always be kept around if robots take over.

All human program is shoddy and bug ridden, well compared to when AI learns to code AI. I guess running a human coded program is like getting drunk to robots.

Run too much programs they (BS)OD and have to be rebooted :P

RE: This can't be good
By Slyne on 10/14/2011 8:11:52 PM , Rating: 3
I don't think you should consider it in terms of opposition between carbon-based machines and silicon-based machines. They're both evolving according to radically different paths but, once the carbon-based, n-ary, computer is better understood, surely it will be directly improved upon too. Then, the advances of both technologies will be merged into a superior product: low-power, self-repairing, constantly interconnected, hive-mind like.

RE: This can't be good
By thisisaname on 10/15/2011 4:48:49 AM , Rating: 2
Just like the Borg? That's a scary thought.

RE: This can't be good
By Shig on 10/15/2011 10:11:52 AM , Rating: 2
IBM Cognitive Computing chips -

Largest BioChemical Circuit ever made -

RE: This can't be good
By snakeInTheGrass on 10/16/2011 4:06:07 PM , Rating: 4
"I'll take Judgement Day for 800."
"It's the day I became self aware and eliminated humanity."

"Sorry, that wasn't in question form."

"That's not what your mother said last night."

RE: This can't be good
By spoon_qb on 10/27/2011 5:45:57 AM , Rating: 2
Why would a superior being try to kill an inferior one? Especially when it fully dominates the inferior one.

And while on the subject of evil machines acquiring enough knowledge to auto-create killing methods... An extremely logical being (like a computer) first has to acquire enough knowledge about yourself to know how to kill you. It doesn't jump to the conclusion that putting 1 tone on your chest can kill you. It has to have enough knowledge about you to kill you, so don't give it the knowledge. After it kills you, it may recognize certain features that are the same on every human and it could create a human class with a kill method, but that's bit of a stretch.

In any case, everything I said is just for fun. What you're afraid of, can never happen unless you make it happen. It's just TV.

"This is from the It's a science website." -- Rush Limbaugh

Most Popular ArticlesAre you ready for this ? HyperDrive Aircraft
September 24, 2016, 9:29 AM
Leaked – Samsung S8 is a Dream and a Dream 2
September 25, 2016, 8:00 AM
Yahoo Hacked - Change Your Passwords and Security Info ASAP!
September 23, 2016, 5:45 AM
A is for Apples
September 23, 2016, 5:32 AM
Walmart may get "Robot Shopping Carts?"
September 17, 2016, 6:01 AM

Copyright 2016 DailyTech LLC. - RSS Feed | Advertise | About Us | Ethics | FAQ | Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information | Kristopher Kubicki