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The filming of government officials while on duty is protected by the First Amendment, said the Court

The First Circuit Court of Appeals reached a crucial decision last Friday allowing the public to videotape police officers while they're on the clock.

The decision comes after a string of incidents where individuals have videotaped police officers and were arrested. Police officers across the United States believed citizens didn't have the right to videotape them as they conducted official duties, but issues like police brutality put the issue up for debate.

One instance where a citizen was arrested for videotaping an officer was when Khaliah Fitchette, a law-abiding teenager from New Jersey, boarded a bus in Newark. Two police officers boarded the bus as well to remove a drunken man. Fitchette began taping the police officers because of how they were handling the man, and a police officer instructed her to stop recording them. When Fitchette refused, she was arrested and placed in the back of a cop car for two hours while the officers took her phone to delete the video. Fitchette was then released, but she and her mother then filed suit against the Newark Police Department with the New Jersey chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).

Another example involves Simon Glik, a passerby on the Boston Common. He used his cell phone to tape police officers when the Boston police were punching a man. Citizens surrounding the scene were saying, "You're hurting him." Glik never interfered with the police officers' actions, but recorded the entire incident. The police officers ended up charging Glik with violating a wiretap statute that prohibits secret recording, even though the police officers admitted that they knew Glik was recording them. He was also charged with disturbing the peace and aiding the escape of a prisoner.

While all charges against Glik were dropped due to lack of merit, he still decided to join forces with the ACLU and file a civil rights suit to prevent a similar incident from occurring with others.

On Friday, August 26, 2011, the First Circuit Court of Appeals, which is New England's highest federal court just below the U.S. Supreme Court, ruled that citizens are allowed to videotape law officials while they conduct official duties.

The city's attorneys made the argument that police officers should have been exempt from a civil rights lawsuit in the first place in this case because the law is unclear as to whether there's a "constitutionally protected right to videotape police" conducting their daily duties in public.

"The filming of government officials engaged in their duties in a public place, including police officers performing their responsibilities, fits comfortably within these principles [of protected First Amendment activity].," said the Court. "Gathering information about government officials in a form that can readily be disseminated to others serves a cardinal First Amendment interest in protecting and promoting the free discussion of governmental affairs."

The Court added that the police officers should have understood this all along, and that videotaping public officials is not limited to the press.

"Moreover, changes in technology and society have made the lines between private citizen and journalist exceedingly difficult to draw," the Court continued. "The proliferation of electronic devices with video-recording capability means that many of our images of current events come from bystanders with a ready cell phone or digital camera rather than a traditional film crew, and news stories are now just as likely to be broken by a blogger at her computer as a reporter at a major newspaper. Such developments make clear why the news-gathering protections of the First Amendment cannot turn on professional credentials or status."

The Court concluded that police officers are to expect to deal with certain "burdens" as citizens practice First Amendment rights, but that there needs to be a healthy balance between police officers being videotaped while acting irresponsibly and the harassment of officers with recording devices while they're conducting their duties responsibly.

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RE: Public vs. private
By Natch on 8/31/2011 2:24:42 PM , Rating: 3
That might depend more on the "protect your castle" laws in your state. I know where I live, if the police enter my home, forcibly, without clearly announcing themselves, I can blow them away just as if they were common thugs trying to do a home invasion.

You could always argue that the answer to your question lies in the fact that once they've broken down your door, they have violated the privacy of your home, and introduced "the public" to it. Thus, you are no longer private, but public, and covered in videotaping them. No different than if you had security cameras, and a DVR, set up inside your home.

RE: Public vs. private
By Brandon Hill (blog) on 8/31/2011 2:24:42 PM , Rating: 2
Texas? ;)

RE: Public vs. private
By dgingeri on 8/31/2011 3:17:59 PM , Rating: 2
Probably Colorado. :)

Here in Colorado, if someone busts in, (even police if they don't identify themselves clearly as such) anything I do in the course of protecting my home, short of setting traps, is legal. I could beat the guy until the police arrive, break all his fingers, set him on fire, whatever, and it would be perfectly legal. Anything automated is not covered as protection, though.

RE: Public vs. private
By Jeffk464 on 8/31/2011 4:40:50 PM , Rating: 5
Damn, I was thinking about buying those automated turrets from the "Aliens" movie.

RE: Public vs. private
By bupkus on 8/31/2011 6:45:13 PM , Rating: 5
I prefer the more polite soft spoken automated turrets from Aperture Science.

RE: Public vs. private
By sprockkets on 8/31/2011 11:36:08 PM , Rating: 3
"I don't blame you."

RE: Public vs. private
By Bad-Karma on 9/1/2011 9:57:51 AM , Rating: 2
I with you on that one, but when the smoke clears you've got to say "Game over man"!

RE: Public vs. private
By NES on 9/1/2011 12:53:09 PM , Rating: 3
...anything I do in the course of protecting my home, short of setting traps, is legal.

Quick! Somebody arrest Macaulay Culkin!

RE: Public vs. private
By Jeffk464 on 8/31/2011 4:39:28 PM , Rating: 2
The only thing is that unless you have it on video it will be assumed the police followed procedure.

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