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A visualization of particles jets in the CMS. Yellow is the path of the particles, while blue and red represent energy detected from the particles.  (Source: CERN/Imperial College of London)
Discovery of dark matter's behavior would solve many outstanding mysteries in physics

Dark matter makes up five times more of the universe's mass than visible matter (~25% vs ~5%), yet scientists have yet to directly observe this ultra-abundant substance.  Scientists also have yet to observe dark energy, which may well beat out normal energy in universal abundance.  This lack of direct observations means that scientists know precious little about two of the most important physical components of our universe.

That could soon change.  CERN's Large Hadron Collider, a 17-mile long circular underground track that is chilled to almost zero degrees Kelvin, is recording incredibly violent collisions, the likes of which haven't been seen since billions of years ago.  Those collisions will likely produce exotic substances like dark matter, which will be analyzed by the LHC's instruments, unlocking long debated mysteries of physics.

Scientists think they are making progress in the hunt for the SUSY – also known as supersymmetric particle, or 'sparticle'.  Scientists believe the sparticle may be the mysterious dark matter, given its theoretical stability.

In order to detect sparticles, scientists must probe the matter resulting from the collision for the absence of energy and momenta signals -- the sign that a sparticle was produced, rather than a standard particle.  This lack of energetic emissivity is the reason why dark matter is dark -- it does not transfer energy to photons, like standard particles.

More specifically, the researchers are trying to detect a "jet" of particles traveling in the same direction, post proton-beam collision, that lack a significant amount of detected energy and momentum.  

Professor Oliver Buchmueller [profile], a faculty member at the Department of Physics at Imperial College London who is doing research at CERN, describes the LHC team's findings, stating [press release], "We need a good understanding of the ordinary collisions so that we can recognise the unusual ones when they happen. Such collisions are rare but can be produced by known physics. We examined some 3-trillion proton-proton collisions and found 13 'SUSY-like' ones, around the number that we expected. Although no evidence for sparticles was found, this measurement narrows down the area for the search for dark matter significantly."

The CMS (compact muon solenoid) detector was co-designed by faculty at the Imperial College, one of Europe's best physics schools.  

Professor Geoff Hall [profile], another Imperial College physics faculty member working at CERN, describes the recent detection of "SUSY-like" streams of particles, stating, "We have made an important step forward in the hunt for dark matter, although no discovery has yet been made. These results have come faster than we expected because the LHC and CMS ran better last year than we dared hope and we are now very optimistic about the prospects of pinning down Supersymmetry in the next few years."

Later this year, physicists will run more trials, which they hope will verify the existence of dark matter in the stream.  They also hope that the theory of supersymmetry will be verified as an accurate description of dark matter, allowing the Standard Model of particle physics to be officially extended.

Looking ahead there's also much hope that the higher-energy collisions might yield a legendary Higgs boson, which would offer much more insight into the behavior of the universe.  The LHC's other major detector -- ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS) -- was designed to search for the Higgs boson.



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RE: Wait
By zmatt on 2/2/2011 5:42:09 PM , Rating: 1
See now you are putting words into my mouth. That is not at all what I said. What I am saying is that a legitimate scientific theory must be supported by the evidence. One builds a theory around evidence, not the other way around. The hypothesis of dark matter and dark energy has existed for over a decade, millions have been spent, and there is not a shred of evidence to support it actually does exist. The logical ting to do would be to admit that the hypothesis is not supported by the evidence and formulate another one. Doing anything else is unscientific.


RE: Wait
By MrBlastman on 2/3/2011 10:35:15 AM , Rating: 2
So when Aristotle proposed somewhere around 384-322 B.C. that the world was round, by what you are saying, since nobody was able to sail around the world and prove it within say a hundred or so years, they should have completely thrown out the notion and started over?

Guess what? It wasn't until around 1519 - 1522 A.D. that Magellan sailed around the world and proved it to actually be true that the world is spherical! Science sometimes takes time... time measured in millenia and multiple centuries and doesn't always happen overnight.

BUT--you do have a valid point--in that it is smart to formulate a different hypothesis. One has already been formulated... read about it in M-Theory. Google Brian Greene and Edward Witten and read all about it.


RE: Wait
By kingius on 2/3/2011 11:02:30 AM , Rating: 2
There is evidence that people have been sailing around the world for tens of thousands of years, Aristotle wasn't really saying anything new. He was going against the establishment of the time though, which (surprise surprise) claimed they knew everything... sound familiar?


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