Imaging Technique Could Diagnose Sports-related Brain Disorders
December 1, 2010 12:40 PM
comment(s) - last by
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscope could replace autopsies, which is the only way to diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy
Researchers at the Center for Clinical Spectroscopy at
Brigham and Women's Hospital
in Boston have discovered that an imaging technique may quickly diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).
Alexander P. Lin, Ph.D., study leader from the Center for Clinical Spectroscopy at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, along with his team of researchers, have found that a new
could help diagnose CTE, which is a degenerative brain disease caused by repetitive head trauma. CTE can cause depression, difficulty with memory, impulsive/erratic behavior, and dementia. Those who suffer from it can experience long-term disability and permanent brain damage.
Currently, CTE can only be diagnosed via autopsy. Each year, approximately 3.8 million sports-related concussions occur in the United States, and several other cases of subclinical concussions - injuries that act like concussions but cannot be diagnosed - are "unrecognized." This information, which was provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, builds a valid argument for the need for a new method of CTE diagnosis.
"The devastating effects of brain injuries suffered by pro football players who repeatedly suffered concussions and subconcussive
during their careers have put the spotlight on CTE," said Lin. "However, blows to the head suffered by all athletes involved in contact sports are of increasing concern."
But now, Lin and his team have used an imaging technique called magnetic resonance spectroscope (MRS) to examine five professional male athletes who are now retired. These athletes participated in football, wrestling and boxing, and were also suspected of having CTE. In addition, five other control patients that matched the age (32-55) and size of the athletes were examined with MRS as well.
MRS utilizes a strong
and radio waves to acquire information from within the body using a MR scanner. MRS is also known as a "virtual biopsy."
Lin and his team found that the former athletes had higher levels of choline, which is a water-soluble essential nutrient that indicates the presence of damaged tissue, than the control patients. The athletes also had higher levels of gamma-aminobutyric (GABA), glutamate and asparate than the control patients. GABA and glutamate are involved in normal brain processes, but too much or too little can cause a problem.
"Being able to diagnose CTE could help athletes of all ages and levels, as well as war veterans who suffer mild brain injuries, many of which go undetected," said Lin.
was presented at the annual meeting of the
Radiological Society of North America
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
12/2/2010 12:00:46 PM
reflects the american stereotype.
They even hurt themselves on purpose in sports.
"The whole principle [of censorship] is wrong. It's like demanding that grown men live on skim milk because the baby can't have steak." -- Robert Heinlein
New Tissue-imaging Technique Faster, More Accurate than Biopsies
November 29, 2010, 7:08 AM
Study: GPS Units Cause Memory and Spatial Problems
November 16, 2010, 12:02 PM
NASA Looks to Protect U.S. Power Grid with "Solar Shield" Project
October 29, 2010, 7:25 PM
Temple University Researchers Hit the Delete Button on HIV, Remove it from Human Cells
July 22, 2014, 7:39 AM
Airbus Shows Off All-Electric E-Fan 2.0 Airplane, Plans Production in 2017
July 21, 2014, 9:29 AM
Buzz Aldrin Says First Astronauts to Set Foot on Mars Should Never Return Home
July 9, 2014, 9:46 AM
Women May Soon Be Able to Control Their Fertility via Remote Control
July 7, 2014, 10:14 AM
Tiny "Bio-bots" Powered by Muscle Cells, Electrical Pulses
July 3, 2014, 7:00 PM
Boston Using Solar-Powered Benches as Phone Charging Stations
July 1, 2014, 1:09 PM
Most Popular Articles
Microsoft Kills Entertainment Unit, May Shelve Flagship Lumia "McLaren"
July 18, 2014, 7:40 PM
JJ Abrams Unveils X-Wing Starfighter for New "Star Wars" Movie
July 21, 2014, 12:24 PM
Boeing 777 Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 Crashes in Ukraine
July 17, 2014, 1:00 PM
Toyota Scientist: Autonomous Vehicles May Lead to Increased Fuel Consumption, Pollution
July 18, 2014, 2:42 PM
Motorola Moto G Successor Reportedly Uncovered, Moto X Discounted by up to $75
July 21, 2014, 1:11 PM
Latest Blog Posts
Space Terrorism is a Looming Threat For the United States
Apr 23, 2014, 7:47 PM
Facebook Aims to Provide Internet to "Every Person in the World" with Drones, Satellites
Apr 1, 2014, 10:20 AM
Retail Mobile Sites Experience Outages in Light of Simplexity's Bankruptcy
Mar 14, 2014, 8:48 AM
Tesla vs. BMW: Who Has the Safer EV?
Feb 1, 2014, 2:56 PM
Justice Leaks Details of Next HTC One Two Flagship Phone
Dec 5, 2013, 4:04 PM
More Blog Posts
Copyright 2014 DailyTech LLC. -
Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information