Imaging Technique Could Diagnose Sports-related Brain Disorders
December 1, 2010 12:40 PM
comment(s) - last by
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscope could replace autopsies, which is the only way to diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy
Researchers at the Center for Clinical Spectroscopy at
Brigham and Women's Hospital
in Boston have discovered that an imaging technique may quickly diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).
Alexander P. Lin, Ph.D., study leader from the Center for Clinical Spectroscopy at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, along with his team of researchers, have found that a new
could help diagnose CTE, which is a degenerative brain disease caused by repetitive head trauma. CTE can cause depression, difficulty with memory, impulsive/erratic behavior, and dementia. Those who suffer from it can experience long-term disability and permanent brain damage.
Currently, CTE can only be diagnosed via autopsy. Each year, approximately 3.8 million sports-related concussions occur in the United States, and several other cases of subclinical concussions - injuries that act like concussions but cannot be diagnosed - are "unrecognized." This information, which was provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, builds a valid argument for the need for a new method of CTE diagnosis.
"The devastating effects of brain injuries suffered by pro football players who repeatedly suffered concussions and subconcussive
during their careers have put the spotlight on CTE," said Lin. "However, blows to the head suffered by all athletes involved in contact sports are of increasing concern."
But now, Lin and his team have used an imaging technique called magnetic resonance spectroscope (MRS) to examine five professional male athletes who are now retired. These athletes participated in football, wrestling and boxing, and were also suspected of having CTE. In addition, five other control patients that matched the age (32-55) and size of the athletes were examined with MRS as well.
MRS utilizes a strong
and radio waves to acquire information from within the body using a MR scanner. MRS is also known as a "virtual biopsy."
Lin and his team found that the former athletes had higher levels of choline, which is a water-soluble essential nutrient that indicates the presence of damaged tissue, than the control patients. The athletes also had higher levels of gamma-aminobutyric (GABA), glutamate and asparate than the control patients. GABA and glutamate are involved in normal brain processes, but too much or too little can cause a problem.
"Being able to diagnose CTE could help athletes of all ages and levels, as well as war veterans who suffer mild brain injuries, many of which go undetected," said Lin.
was presented at the annual meeting of the
Radiological Society of North America
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
RE: hurry up & wait
12/1/2010 3:09:26 PM
So... I'm guessing by the lack of spelling and grammar in your post that you don't have a degree?
If you are actually one of these "real engineers" that you talk about in your rant, then I hope for your sake that you are a *lot* more intelligent than your post makes you appear.
"I'm an Internet expert too. It's all right to wire the industrial zone only, but there are many problems if other regions of the North are wired." -- North Korean Supreme Commander Kim Jong-il
New Tissue-imaging Technique Faster, More Accurate than Biopsies
November 29, 2010, 7:08 AM
Study: GPS Units Cause Memory and Spatial Problems
November 16, 2010, 12:02 PM
NASA Looks to Protect U.S. Power Grid with "Solar Shield" Project
October 29, 2010, 7:25 PM
Creationists are Mad About Google Doodle Depicting Evolution
November 24, 2015, 8:48 PM
DHS and TSA: Whoops, We Missed That 73 Airport Employees May be Terrorists
November 19, 2015, 2:16 PM
Star Wars Spinoff Film "Rogue One", Theme Park Attractions Announced
August 17, 2015, 12:20 PM
SpaceX Falcon 9's Seventh Supply Mission to ISS Ends w/ Fiery Stage 1 Explosion
June 28, 2015, 1:10 PM
Cool Science Video: Glowing Millipede Prowls the Nevada Desert
May 18, 2015, 12:00 PM
Newly Discovered Costa Rican Glass Frog is Kermit's Doppelgänger
April 22, 2015, 11:26 AM
Latest Blog Posts
Sceptre Airs 27", 120 Hz. 1080p Monitor/HDTV w/ 5 ms Response Time for $220
Dec 3, 2014, 10:32 PM
Costco Gives Employees Thanksgiving Off; Wal-Mart Leads "Black Thursday" Charge
Oct 29, 2014, 9:57 PM
"Bear Selfies" Fad Could Turn Deadly, Warn Nevada Wildlife Officials
Oct 28, 2014, 12:00 PM
The Surface Mini That Was Never Released Gets "Hands On" Treatment
Sep 26, 2014, 8:22 AM
ISIS Imposes Ban on Teaching Evolution in Iraq
Sep 17, 2014, 5:22 PM
More Blog Posts
Copyright 2016 DailyTech LLC. -
Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information