Small-Scale Hydroelectric Power Plant is Environmentally-Friendly, Cost Effective
October 20, 2010 10:02 PM
comment(s) - last by
Simple construction and fish gates help make the shaft power station eco-friendly and cheap
Technische Universitaet Muenchen
researchers have created a
that is both environmentally friendly and cost efficient.
Professor Peter Rutschmann and Dipl.-Ing. Albert Sepp of the Oskar von Miller-Institut, which is TUM's research institution for hydraulic and water resources engineering, have developed the small-scale hydroelectric power plant in an effort to address the issues that large-scale plants present.
Large-scale power plants can be problematic because they destroy natural riverside landscapes with the amount of construction required to build them, and they also cost more money to build since more materials are needed. In addition, the destruction of the environment leads to destruction of ecosystems as well.
Until now, researchers have had issues with smaller power stations as well. The low dam height of previous smaller power stations made it so that water had to be "guided" past by a bay-type power plant type of construction around it, which presented problems with achieving an even flow of
water to the turbines
. This type of construction also harmed fish.
But now, TUM researchers have solved these problems by designing a small transformer station on the river bank called a shaft power plant. This small-scale power station consists of a power generation system that is hidden in a shaft dug into the riverbed, reducing the impact on the landscape and waterways. Water flows into a box-shaped construction where it drives the turbine and is then led back into the river
under the dam
. With manufacturers creating generators that can be operated underwater, this type of system is possible without a large riverbank power house. This system also prevents vortex formation, where water would suddenly flow downward increasing turbine wear and tear and reducing the plant's efficiency.
The problem with
is solved through the use of a gate, which is placed above the power plant shaft in order to allow enough water for fish to pass through safely.
Besides being environmentally friendly, the small-scale hydroelectric power plant is cost effective. Despite its simple construction and low dam height, the power station is capable of "operating profitably."
"We assume that the costs are between 30 and 50 percent lower by comparison with a bay-type hydropower plant," said Rutschmann.
The shaft power plant functions economically despite its low head of water, which is only one to two meters. Most bay-type power plants need twice this "head of water." To accommodate larger bodies of water, several shafts can be dug next to one another.
Right now, hydroelectric power accounts for three percent of electricity consumed
, and researchers are hoping to increase this number through the use of shaft power plants. There are areas all over the Europe that can utilize this type of power, and according to Rutschmann, developing countries can too.
"Major portions of the world's population have no access to electricity at all," said Rutschmann. "Distributed, local power generation by lower-cost, easy-to-operate, low-maintenance power plants is the only solution."
Rutschmann also noted that turbines may not be "financially feasible" for certain areas, so the use of a cheap submersible pump ran in reverse was his suggestion, which works in the shaft power plant.
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
10/20/2010 11:22:09 PM
What I take from this article is that someone invented a better way to make smaller hydro power plants. for less money than larger power plants.
What I did not get was missing information. the 30-50% "assumption" is that on what basis? per kw? per average plant cost?
Also affordable by what scale? How does this compare to other alternatives (nuclear/coal/larger hydro/etc)
This could be an actual advance, or this could just be a scaled down proportional cost to kw solution against what is in place. Obviously a smaller plant has its uses but for arguments sake...
RE: Actual data
10/21/2010 12:25:25 AM
between 30 and 50 percent lower
by comparison with a bay-type hydropower plant
RE: Actual data
10/21/2010 8:25:55 AM
Seriously, I read that line, quoted it, and wrote my whole post questioning it. Your just regurgitating the same line from the article I quoted but you got rated up?
lower as in what
which was what my whole post was about.
Again, lower cost on WHAT scale? It is NOT mentioned if it is a lower cost per unit of energy produced, or if it is a lower cost per power station produced. Those would be drastically different.
If they lowered the cost of hydroelectric power by 30-50% for actual power produced then that's huge and then makes these larger plants a poor economic choice in most situations.
If they lowered the cost of the plant by 30-50% on an average intallation but these smaller plants only provide 50% of the energy in comparison then its essentially a wash for grand scale power production and only allows for smaller installations.
See what I mean?
Also p.s. on top of that "we assume 30-50%" usually means they inflate their numbers to sound more impressive.
RE: Actual data
10/21/2010 9:01:11 PM
Good points and definitely worth some clarification. Where I see this technology possibly making a difference is in opening up a range of sites that are unfeasible for large scale-hydro, but might be able to accommodate this approach while minimizing environmental impacts (compared with large-scale's impacts). In the US, this could be proposed as a workable solution where there are proposals to remove dams or to correct the environmental impacts from existing dams during their FERC re-licensing process.
The Lower Snake River and the Klamath River in the Pacific NW both have a number of dam removal issues/opportunities, largely related to existing structures that block salmon migration and compliance with the Endangered Species Act. If existing dams could be removed and replaced with these smaller facilities, it seems a reasonable compromise - still allowing power generation (to run frozen food processing in the case of the Snake River) and provide fish passage that is compatible with generation (Klamath River).
Where I see a lot of potential for this tech, assuming it pans out as proposed, is in developing countries that need generation capacity, but do not want to impact natural resources that many people rely on for sustenance.
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