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  (Source: Sustainable Design Update)
Certain bacteria is able to digest hydrocarbons in oil

When the Deepwater Horizon suffered a devastating explosion and ruptured an oil well on April 20 of this year, BP executives spent months trying to figure out a way to stop it, and eventually clean up the mess. What they might not have known was that something had already begun cleaning up the oil only a month after it started spilling into the Gulf of Mexico. 

The clean-up crew was a series of bacteria, like Alcanivorax, which is an oil-eating bacteria found in the ocean. This bacteria only "blooms" when oil is present, and then it feeds on chemicals found in crude oil. According to a team of scientists working on the study, there were large numbers of these types of bacteria present in the Gulf just one month after the leak began, and they had quite a feast.

Terry Hazen led a team of American scientists on an expedition to collect samples of water on two ships in the Gulf between May 25 and June 2 looking for different types of oil-eating bacteria. They found 16 types of bacteria within a deep-sea oil plume about 1,100 meters below surface.

Richard Camilli from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution recently announced that this plume had "persisted" for months after the oil leak began, insinuating that bacteria wasn't breaking down the oil plume as Hazen suggested. Also, Camilli stated that oxygen levels near the plume were stable, and if bacteria were eating the oil, these levels would fall.

Hazen argued that his team was looking directly for the bacteria themselves rather than just traces of their presence, and the results were that oxygen levels inside the plume were lower than the outside, indicating the presence of bacteria. Twice as many bacteria were found inside the plume than outside.

Of the 16 types of bacteria found, Oceanospirllales (which is a group that includes the Alcanivorax) were the most prominent. All the groups on the inside of the plume had oil-eating capabilities, breaking down hydrocarbons within the oil. These groups of bacteria were "genetically distinct" from bacteria outside of the plume, and according to Hazen, salinity, pressure, temperature or any other cause besides the oil would cause this difference.  Hence, Hazen and his team believe these bacteria were there strictly to clean up the oil. 

Now Hazen is saying that the plume has been undetectable for approximately two to three weeks now, and that it disappeared shortly after the leak was capped July 12. While the various types of bacteria found supposedly "ate" the oil, there are some components of the oil that cannot be broken down by bacteria. Only the hydrocarbons are digested by the bacteria. 



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By The Raven on 8/27/2010 10:46:06 AM , Rating: 2
...consider me Miles Davis.

quote:
...if we could only step aside and trust in nature, life will find a way.


I have always wondered why we are so afraid of oil spills. Yes, it is bad for the stuff to get in our food and on our animals (or both) but its not like BP put the stuff in the earth. They just unleashed it. And its got to come out sometime, right?

It is a naturally occuring substance and I would think that mother earth would have a way to deal with it. So I'm not at all surprised by this.

Of course I'm not a scientist and I don't advocate the spilling of oil (or even the burning thereof) but I just think that life will find a way despite many of our fears.

Now that honeybee fiasco freaks me out. That is some scary S. Why do they keep dying?




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