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  (Source: CleanTechnica)
Annual death toll expected to rise

recent study in Klickitat County, Washington shows that active wind farms in Washington and Oregon kill more than 6,500 birds and 3,000 bats annually. 

Biologist Orah Zamora works for West, Inc., an ecological field study company, monitors the Windy Flats project, one of the largest wind farms in the United States. Zamora looks for dead birds and bats that have been severed by the spinning blades of the surrounding wind turbines in order to conduct survey's to observe how wind-power development is affecting birds. 

"It's like a crime scene, and you try to figure out what happened," said Zamora. "Sometimes it's really obvious because you can see a slice mark."

These surveys are financed by the wind industry and are mainly concerned with birds like eagles, hawks, and other raptors. Klickitat County is especially a concern because the area has an abundance of prey for these larger birds, hence, they tend to stay in the area. According to the study, these birds are diving for their prey and do not pay attention to the large wind turbine blades that may be in the way.

There are differing views between scientists, biologists and wind-energy developers as to whether birds are at high risk because no one knows what cumulative death toll will have a significant impact on the species. 

Wind-power advocates say "these deaths are an acceptable trade-off for development of a renewable energy source." They also note that man-made hazards and house cats account for tens of millions of bird-related deaths per year. According to Mike Sagrillo, a consultant who writes for the American Wind Energy Association, bird mortality "at wind farms, compared to other human-related causes of bird mortality, is biologically and statistically insignificant."

The surveys taken in Klickitat County showed that wind power is only a minor hazard to birds, but scientists say it's too early to really "discount the risks posed by the rush to develop Northwest wind power."

A survey in Klickitat County at the Big Horn Wind Farm indicated that more than 30 raptors were killed "during an initial year of operations - more than seven times the number forecast in a pre-construction study." Among the dead birds were short-eared owls, kestrels, red-tailed hawks and a ferruginous hawk. 

"We take questions and concerns of wildlife impacts very seriously," said Jan Johnson, a spokeswoman for Iberdrola Renewables, which owns the Big Horn Wind Farm. 

In addition to these findings, Altamount Pass Wind Farms in California have older wind turbines from the 1980's that have killed more raptors "per megawatt of power than anywhere else in the nation." These wind farms kill more than 1,600 raptors per year.

While developers have agreed to relocate turbines away from canyon ridges where the large birds of prey spend most of their time, the death toll is still expected to rise due to the lack of information regarding what death toll is biologically significant to these birds. 

A study by West, Inc. that was paid for by the Klickitat County Planning Department showed that the turbines would kill 516 raptors each year just in the Columbia River plateau region of Oregon and Washington if the industry doubled in size. The study determined that this was not a significant number, but ecologist K. Shawn Smallwood thinks the study underestimates the number of deaths and that it's hard to conclude whether these wind turbine-related deaths would harm an entire species.



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RE: What are the chances
By omnicronx on 6/7/2010 1:53:50 PM , Rating: 3
Anyone can play devils advocate by throwing around stats like these.

Power lines alone will kill exponentially more raptors and birds of prey each year than wind turbines ever will.

For example a french study found that over 3 years along 180 miles of power lines, they found around 700 carcases in which 30% were birds of prey, including 6 eagles.

The point is these stats are a drop in the bucket compared to other man made ways that even birds of prey can die.

AND FYI I'm not even a wind proponent (i find it a massive waste of space in areas in which other power sources are feasible, i.e it should only be used when not close to a water source), I'm just anti enviro scum. The only people holding back clean energy more than the oil giants..


RE: What are the chances
By Steve1981 on 6/7/2010 2:11:17 PM , Rating: 3
quote:
The point is these stats are a drop in the bucket compared to other man made ways that even birds of prey can die.


Perhaps; however, I wasn't trying to make some big environmental statement so much as point out the fallacy of comparing bird deaths in a city due to high rise buildings versus raptor deaths in the wild.


RE: What are the chances
By omnicronx on 6/7/2010 4:20:12 PM , Rating: 1
Sorry, was not meant to be a personal attack, was more or less responding to the article not your comments ;)

I'm not one to shoot the messenger ;) You were just reiterating what they were trying to get across, I was merely attempting to play devils advocate against those statements.


RE: What are the chances
By Steve1981 on 6/7/2010 5:37:12 PM , Rating: 2
Not to worry. I'm no hardcore enviro-nut, although I do like a good discussion.

Although if we're playing devils advocate, I would opine that your argument is an example of the two wrongs make a right fallacy, ie since power lines and predators kill raptors, it's ok for wind turbines to do the same.

There is the matter of scale; however: suppose you have a million and one dollars. Say some dastardly person steals your million in the middle of the night. Later that night, in spite of the fact that I can clearly see you've been robbed, I take your last dollar. Obviously, taking that last dollar is wrong, but its arguably all the worse because I'm kicking you when you're down.


RE: What are the chances
By omnicronx on 6/7/2010 6:38:36 PM , Rating: 1
While I would tend to agree with your analogy, I'm not sure if it applies here. The possibility of a global tipping point occurring all at the same time due to wind turbines is very very small.

That being said, I'm really not advocating for either side here, I just find it funny that these people are taking the time to protest something that is pretty much insignificant compared to other man made sources when it comes to killing birds.


RE: What are the chances
By Steve1981 on 6/7/2010 7:15:23 PM , Rating: 1
Honestly I don't foresee the destruction of any species as a result of putting up some wind farms either. Ideally we could get power from fairy dust; but since that isn't going to happen, we've got a choice to make. While wind isn't an ideal power source IMO for various reasons, the death of a few hundred birds a year is downright benign in comparison to what other methods of generation can do. That said, I'm unopposed to folks monitoring the impact of wind turbines upon local fauna to ensure they aren't having undue impact.

quote:
I just find it funny that these people are taking the time to protest something that is pretty much insignificant


I find it depressing that the same people can hold up progress for so long over so little...not over this necessarily, but over next generation nuclear plants and the like.


RE: What are the chances
By tastyratz on 6/8/2010 11:11:38 PM , Rating: 2
I agree. Its a collaborative problem.
[sarcasm]If they want to complain about a few bird deaths from wind power then I guess going back to fossil fuels is the more environmentally sound answer? [/sarcasm]
I think a few birds that are not pro BP might have an opposing opinion.


RE: What are the chances
By mcnabney on 6/7/10, Rating: 0
RE: What are the chances
By Reclaimer77 on 6/7/2010 9:36:38 PM , Rating: 4
quote:
You just revealed that you know absolutely nothing about wind power. Turbines take up zero real estate since they are either offshore or scattered around fields of crops or grazing cows.


In their current super-limited implementation, sure. But the only way for wind power to provide enough energy for a significant number of people, is to take up MASSIVE amounts of land or oceanfront.


RE: What are the chances
By Jeffk464 on 6/8/2010 11:43:38 AM , Rating: 2
Doesn't have to be a waste of space. In Texas the windfarms are located on Farms. The wind turbines have a very small footprint so they really don't take away very much of the farmland.


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